Karel Dobbelaere (1981, 1985, 1987), who identifies three dimensions of secularization: laicization, religious change, and religious involvement. Laicization refers to the process of functional differentiation whereby political, educational, and other institutions gain autonomy from the religious institutions of a society. Thus, religion becomes just one institutional sphere among others. Dobbelaere's second dimension, religious change, is the process by which religious organizations undergo internal development toward conformity with the secular world. The cyclical story of secularization and revival told by Stark and Bainbridge (1985) refers largely to this dimension of secularization. Religious (dis-)involvement is Dobbelaere's third dimension of secularization and refers to the decline of religious beliefs and practices among individuals.
@Secularization and Religious Revival: Evidence from U.S. Church Attendance Rates, 1972-1986
Author(s): Mark Chaves 1989
Dobbelaere, Karel 1981 "Secularization: A multi-dimensional concept." Current Sociology 29: 1-216.
1985 "Secularization theories and sociological paradigms: A reformulation of the private- public dichotomy and the problem of societal integration." Sociological Analysis 46: 377-87.
1987 "Some trends in European sociology of religion: The secularization debate." Socio- logical Analysis 48: 107-37.