Monday, May 28, 2018

Rokeach (1973). Instrumental values pertain to "desirable modes of conduct" (p. 7) such as ambitious, capable, courageous.
The instrumental or mode of conduct orientation is concerned with competence or moral beliefs (e.g., being capable or broadminded);
middle age as reflecting largely "implemental" concerns,
The Instrumental Values are:
Cheerfulness
Ambition
Love
Cleanliness
Self-Control
Capability
Courage
Politeness
Honesty
Imagination
Independence
Intellect
Broad-Mindedness
Logic
Obedience
Helpfulness
Responsibility
Forgiveness



Terminal values refer to "desirable end-states of existence" (p. 7) such as a sense of accomplishment,
freedom, happiness.
terminal values are more indicative of desirable end-states of existence (e.g., inner harmony).
old age is described as reflecting "culminant" concerns
The terminal values:
True Friendship
Mature Love
Self-Respect
Happiness
Inner Harmony
Equality
Freedom
Pleasure
Social Recognition
Wisdom
Salvation
Family Security
National Security
A Sense of Accomplishment
A World of Beauty
A World at Peace
A Comfortable Life
An Exciting Life

Ryff and Baltes (1976) compared middle-aged and older women in their preferences for terminal and instrumental values. They concluded that a shift in emphasis from instrumental to terminal values seems to occur with age

Value Transition and Adult Development in Women: The Instrumentality-Terminaiity
Sequence Hypothesis 
CAROL D. RYFF AND PAUL B. BALTES
Developmental Psychology
1976, Vol. 12. No. 6, 567-568

Self-Perceived Personality Change in Adulthood and Aging, Carol D. Ryff, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1982, Vol. 42, No. 1, 108-115

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