Schnell, T. (2009). The Sources of meaning and meaning in life questionnaire (SoMe): Relations to
demographics and well-being. Journal of Positive Psychology, 4(6), 483–499.
personal growth and hedonistic enjoyment as being more important for younger people;
whereas, preserving values and financial security were more important for older individuals (Prager, 1996; Prager, 1998).
Prager, E. (1996). Exploring personal meaning in an age-differentiated Australian sample: Another look at the Sources of Meaning Profile (SOMP). Journal of Aging Studies, 10(2), 117–136.
Prager, E. (1998). Observations of personal meaning sources for Israeli age cohorts. Aging and Mental Health, 2(2), 128-136. doi:10.1080/13607869856812
personal growth was more important for those aged 30 – 39 than those aged 50 – 60+
it has been theorised that identity development and self-exploration is more integral in younger years (Steger et al., 2009).
Steger, M., Oishi, S., & Kashdan, T. (2009). Meaning in life across the life span: Levels and correlates of meaning in life from emerging adulthood to older adulthood. Journal of Positive Psychology, 4(1), 43–52. doi:10.1080/17439760802303127
older people place greater importance on practicality and morality (Schnell, 2009), and findings from Bar-Tur and Prager (1994) who found that preserving values, humanistic concerns and financial
security were important in older age.
Bar-Tur, L., & Prager, E. (1996). Sources of personal meaning in a sample of young-old and old-old Israelis. Activities, Adaptation and Aging, 21(2), 59–75. doi:10.1300/J016v21n02_04
Bar-Tur, L., Savaya, R., & Prager, E. (2001). Sources of meaning in life for young and old Israeli Jews and Arabs. Journal of Aging Studies, 15(3), 253-269.
Baum, S. K., & Stewart, R. B. (1990). Sources of meaning through the lifespan. Psychological Reports, 67(1), 3–14. doi:10.2466/PR0.67.5.3-14
Religiosity/spirituality, tradition, practicality, morality and reason have been found to be of greater importance in older age (Schnell, 2009).
older people have been found to most highly endorse personal relationships, preserving values, humanistic concerns and financial security (Bar-Tur & Prager, 1996).
younger people are preoccupied with self-interests such as identity establishment, materialism,
creation of relationships and being productive
whereas in older age, people become more concerned with the well-being of others and humankind in
general, finding community activities, welfare of others and religious activities to be of importance (Prager, 1996).
Zika, S., & Chamberlain, K. (1992). On the relation between meaning in life and psychological well-being. British Journal of Psychology, 83(1), 133-145.
@Grouden, M. E., & Jose, P. E. (2014). How do Sources of Meaning in Life Vary According to Demographic Factors? New Zealand Journal of Psychology 43 (3), 29-38.