"Positive life regard" is defined as an individual's belief that he is fulfilling a life-framework or life-goal that provides him with a highly valued understanding of his life.
two main tests that have been used as operational definitions of meaning in life:
- Shostrom's Personal Orientation Inventory: based on Maslow's concept of "self-actualization.", Shostrom developed the POI to differentiate "self-actualized" from "non-self-actualized" individuals according to differences in their beliefs and value orientations, rather than on their experience of "life-validation."; Self-actualizing Value Scale
- Crumbaugh and Maholick's Purpose in Life Test: based on Frankl's concept of noogenic neuroses, represents a more satisfactory approach to the development of an operational definition of a meaningful life; 20 items with a 7-point scale, 5 measure the individual's ability to see his life within some framework, 9 measure his satisfaction with his life, and one considers both simultaneously.
The Life Regard Index: Toward an Operational Definition of a MeaningfuL Life
Life Regard Index
Life Regard Index, based on the concept of positive life regard, was developed by Battista in an attempt to provide a simple, nonbiased measure of meaning in life. 28 items with a 5-point scale
two subscales, Framework and Fulfillment (see Appendix)
- Framework Scale (FR): the ability of an individual to see his life within some perspective or context, and to have derived a set of life-goals, purpose in life, or life-view from them
- Fulfillment Scale (FU) measures the degree to which an individual sees himself as having fulfilled or as being in the process of fulfilling his framework or life-goals.
- Each scale is composed of 14 items
Commitment to some valued personal understanding of life
The generation of an internal, "scale" from this understanding of life which the individual can use as a measure of the fulfillment of his life.
A positive self-evaluation of one's life in terms of this "scale.
intrinsic meaning of life. Although they variously identify this intrinsic meaning as stemming from God (religious models), from Being (existential models [Bugental]), from man (humanistic
models [Fromm]), or from life (self-transcendent models [Frankl])
Framework Items (Positive)
1. I feel like I have found a really significant meaning for leading my life.
2. I have really come to terms with what's important for me in my life.
3. I have a system or framework that allows me to truly understand my being alive.
4. I have a very clear idea of what I'd like to do with my life.
5. There are things that I devote all my life's energy to.
6. I have a philosophy of life that really gives my living significance.
7. I have some aims and goals that would personally give me a great deal of satisfaction if I could accomplish them.
Framework Items (Negative)
1. I just don't know what I really want to do with my life.
2. I really don't have much of a purpose for living, even for myself.
3. I need to find something that I can really be committed to.
4. I get completely confused when I try to understand my life.
5. There honestly isn't anything that I totally want to do.
6. I really don't believe in anything about my life very deeply.
7. Other people seem to have a much better idea of what they want to do with their lives than I do.
Fulfillment Items (Positive)
1. I have real passion in my life.
2. I really feel good about my life.
3. Living is deeply fulfilling.
4. I feel that I am living fully.
5. I feel that I'm really going to attain what I want in life.
6. I get so excited by what I'm doing that I find new stores of energy I didn't know that I had.
7. When I look at my life I feel the satisfaction of really having worked to accomplish something.
Fulfillment Items (Negative) \
1. I don't seem to be able to accomplish those things that are really important to me.
2. Other people seem to feel better about their lives than I do.
3. I have a lot of potential that I don't normally use.
4. I spend most of my time doing things that really aren't very important to me.
5. Something seems to stop me from doing what I really want to do.
6. Nothing very outstanding ever seems to happen to me.
7. 1 don't really value what I'm doing.
@Battista, J., & Almond, R. (1973). The Development of Meaning in Life. Psychiatry, 36(4), 409-427.