Jung’s Individuation Process.
individuation---- a process of integrating the conscious and the unconscious.
individuation that is the central process of human development
Analytical psychology, or Jungian psychology: emphasizes the primary importance of the individual psyche and the personal quest for wholeness.
For Jung, archetypes consist of universal, mythic characters that reside within the collective unconscious of people the world over. Archetypes represent fundamental human motifs of our experience as we evolved; consequentially, they evoke deep emotions.
integration of the ego (consciousness) with the personal and collective self.
Jung’s theory of growth and development conceptualized some of the
preliminary changes associated with the second half of life (Jung, 1971). In
particular, Jung explained that the focus of the first half of life is largely
externally oriented to such factors as one’s environment, family, and culture.
Jung described how this externally oriented view of life undergoes a
dramatic shift inward during the second half of the life cycle. At this juncture,
Jung argued that individuals make a turn inward to respond to newly
emerging existential issues such as making sense of their life’s purpose and
finding meaning. With the inherent heightened awareness of one’s own
mortality in the second half of life, Jung explained that this inwardly oriented
shift is also often accompanied by an increased exploration of one’s
spirituality (Jung, 1971)
Jung’s proposal of this inward shift parallels Tornstam’s theory of
gerotranscendence, which describes a similar change from an externally oriented
worldly focus to a more inwardly oriented spiritual focus (Tornstam,
2005). In addition, Jung’s inward shift is also reminiscent of the tasks
associated with Erikson’s developmental theory, whereby individuals
cycle through a process of inwardly focused review of their lives to
achieve self-acceptance and acceptance of their inevitable death from the
physical world. In all three models there is an inherent theme of letting
go of material things, becoming less attached to the declining physical
body, and enhancing the connection with the universe through increased
Jung, C. (1971). The stages of life. In J. Campbell (Ed.), The Portable Jung (pp.
3–22). New York, NY: Penguin Books
Jung (1943, 1964) argued that around midlife individuals typically begin to turn inward to explore the more spiritual aspect of the self. Prior to this stage, external constraints associated with launching a career and establishing a family tend to be paramount. An overemphasis on worldly success becomes problematic, however, with the increased awareness of one’s mortality that comes at midlife.
The inward turn that characterizes the second half of adulthood complements, according to Jung, the outer directed orientation of young adulthood in a way that expands one’s sense of the self and thus completes the process of self-realization (seeWink, 1999).
Jung, C. G. (1943). On the psychology of the unconscious. In H. Read, M. Fordham, & G. Adler (Eds.), Jung: Collected Works (Vol. 7). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Jung, C. G. (1964). Man and his symbols. New York: Laurel
Wink,P. (1999). Addressing end-of-life issues: Spirituality and inner life. Generations, 23, 75–80.