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The penultimate stage, Generativity versus Stagnation, she sees as representing the‘outward turn of the self towards the world’ (p. 1094) and suggests that religious commitment may help older people to find expression for an ethic of Generativity.
The final stage of Integrity versus Despair is seen as representing an ‘inward turn’ and may be supported by meditative practices and the symbolic connections between humanity and the
sacred offered by religion.
McFadden, S. H. (1999). Religion, personality and aging: A life span perspective. Journal of Personality, 67, 1081–1104.