Saturday, March 17, 2018

west culture, activity theory

-Disengagement theory + 
The Western culture emphasizing youth, social activities and engagements, ego-strength, productivity, and a realistic or practical view of the world makes old people feel guilty of being disengaged, and thus may impede the process towards gero-transcendence.[1] Tornstam, L. (1992). The Quo Vadis of Gerontology: On the Scientific Paradigm of Gerontology. The Gerontologist, 32(3), 318-326
Activity Theory in Western cultures. Many younger individuals, including those who care for older adults, may embrace the belief that older adulthood primarily involves a continuation of activities and values of middle age and that “optimal aging” involves the continuation of activity of a certain kind (e.g., staying physically and socially engaged). Buchanan, J. A., Ebel, D., Garcia, S., VandeNest, F. J., & Omlie, C. C. (2016).

One of themost prominent theories of aging is activity theory which posits that older adults have the same psychological and social needs as when they were younger (Havighurst, 1961).
However, because society withdraws from the aging individual, people are forced to give up their roles (e.g., employee, parent) and decrease social interactions. When the loss of roles occurs, an individual can experience loss of identity, low self-esteem, and isolation. Therefore, in order to experience successful aging, the individual should remain productive in society and replace role losses with new roles and increase social interaction.
Havighurst, R. J. (1961). Successful aging. The Gerontologist, 1(1), 8–13.

[1] Tornstam, 1989; Chinen, 1985

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