Saturday, March 17, 2018

Braam, A. W., Bramsen, I., van Tilburg, T. G., van der Ploeg, H. M., & Deeg, D. (2006).
Cosmic transcendence and framework of meaning in life: Patterns among older adults in
the Netherlands. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social
Sciences, 61(3), S121–S128. doi:10.1093/geronb/61.3.S121

Jewell, A. (2010). The importance of purpose in life in an older British Methodist sample:
Pastoral implications. Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging, 22(3), 138–161. doi:10.1080/

Read, S., Braam, A. W., Lyyra, T.-M., & Deeg, D. J. H. (2014). Do negative life events promote
gerotranscendence in the second half of life? Aging & Mental Health, 18(1), 117–124.

Wadensten, B., & Carlsson, M. (2001). A qualitative study of nursing staff members’ interpretations
of signs of gerotranscendence. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 36(5), 635–642.

Tornstam, L. (1997a). Gerotranscendence in a broad cross-sectional perspective. Journal of
Aging and Identity, 2(1), 17–36.

Tornstam, L. (1997b). Gerotranscendence: The contemplative dimension of aging. Journal of
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Tornstam, L. (2003). Gerotranscendence from young old age to old age. Online publication
from The Social Gerontology Group, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. http://www.

Tornstam, L. (2005). Gerotranscendence: A developmental theory of positive aging. New York,
NY: Springer.

Tornstam, L. (2011). Maturing into gerotranscendence. The Journal of Transpersonal
Psychology, 43(2), 166–180.

Tornstam, L., & Törnqvist, M. (2000). Nursing staff’s interpretations of “gerotranscendental
behavior” in the elderly. Journal of Aging and Identity, 5(1), 15–29. doi:10.1023/

Gerotranscendence was eventually accepted as the ninth and final stage of human development (Erikson & Erikson, 1998; Tornstam, 2005, p. 194).

Erikson, E. E., & Erikson, J. M. (1998). Life cycle completed. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.

Wadensten, B. (2007). The theory of gerotranscendence as applied to gerontological nursing_
Part I. International Journal of Older People Nursing, 2, 289–294. doi:10.1111/opn.2007.2.

a fear of death is not in itself a motivator for achieving greater cosmic transcendence (Tornstam, 1997a).

Buchanan, J. A., Lai, D., & Ebel, D. (2015). Differences in perception of gerotranscendence
behaviors between college students and community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Aging
Studies, 34, 1–9. doi:10.1016/j.jaging.2015.03.003

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