Thursday, August 10, 2017

 The low passage rate before the 1980s was mainly due to two reasons:
(1) Ministry of Examination tried to make qualification standards consistent across various occupation categories because bar exams were held together with exams for other professionals and technologists.
(2) The process of trial and error to find the right passing rate.

After the 1980s, passing rates became higher due to two reasons:
(1) political liberalization and democratization in Taiwan, e.g. forming of the first opposition party DPP in 1986, terminating martial law and lifting bans on political parties and newspaper publications in 1987, presidential election by universal suffrage in 1996, citizens require higher passage rates to enter the bar.
(2) rapidly increasing undergraduate law departments, graduate law schools, and thus more students enter the job market and need to find jobs.

Therefore, in 1990, Ministry of Examination raised the passing rate to 16%, based on normal distribution/Tscore .  

一九八七年解嚴後,隨著民主意識日漸抬頭,尤其是八九年(2000)律師特考,二千多人應試,錄取二百八十八名,「這個比前面六、七年累積上榜的人數還多,令人士氣大 振。隔年錄取二百九十名,再下一年三百六十三名,再加上聯考熱門科系起了連帶效應,台大法律系開始取代國貿系,成了考生的第一志願。歷經四十年悲情歲月的法律系,終於嗅到了出頭天的滋味。」林敏生這樣說。

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