There are two different kinds of national examinations. (1) People need to pass the judicial examination to become judges or prosecutors. Judges and prosecutors are civil servants. (2) People need to pass the bar exam to be licensed as lawyers.
The national exam for the selection of judges or public prosecutors (the Judicial Officer Exam) is separate from the exam for licensing lawyers (the bar exam); the pre-practice training for those who pass the two exams is separate as well.
Individuals who pass the judicial exam enter the Judges and Prosecutors Training Institute for pre-practice training.32 At the end of that training, they must qualify to become judges or prosecutors.
Other individuals who pass the bar exam enter the Lawyers Training Institute. The training for judges and prosecutors takes as much as two years and trainees are considered public servants, receiving an allowance during their training period. the free training provided by the Lawyer Training Institute lasts only one month and offers no on-site practice.Trainees are not considered public servants and receive no allowance. In addition to the training, a five- month apprenticeship under the supervision of a senior attorney who has practiced for more than five years is required before a student may join a local bar.However, unlike the trainees in the Judges and Prosecutors Training Institute, prospective lawyers must locate supervisors themselves. In the wake of the 2008 economic recession, the increased numbers of lawyers and a decline in the number of apprenticeship opportunities have made it more difficult for trainee lawyers to find supervisors. The reason behind the separation of training tracks for judicial officers and lawyers is that a government subsidy to train lawyers is considered inappropriate because lawyers primarily pursue the interests their clients and not the public. Chen, T. C.-h. (2012).