Thursday, July 13, 2017

one china principle

1991第一次憲法增修條文, 首度承認國家現實上已分裂, 且形式上結束戰時非常法制的屬性
1991年5月1日, 終止動員戡亂時期, 意味在法規範上, 不再視統治中國大陸的中華人民共和國政府為叛亂團體,或不再以武力戡亂的方式重新控制中國大陸
完成台灣化的中華民國法, 叫作台灣法
王泰升, 憲法的台灣化 (171-202) in 黃昭元 (Ed.). (2000). 兩國論與台灣國家定位. 台北: 學林文化.

李登輝希望因台灣民主化而強化內部正統性, 進而強化台灣之國家的外部正統性
故一個中國原則, 在台灣內部逐漸衰退
ethno politics
228事件為台灣民族主義的起源 (Taiwan nationalism), late 1940s to 1950s white terror
若林正丈. (2016). 戰後臺灣政治史:中華民國臺灣化的歷程: 國立臺灣大學出版中心.

In 1991, President Lee Ten-huei declared the termination of the Period for Mobilization Against Communist Rebellion and repealed the Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of Communist Rebellion.  This declaration was followed by a constitutional revision.

In essence, the result of the constitutional revision was the replacement of the Temporary Provisions for National Mobilization with ten additional articles to the Constitution. The additional articles were proceeded with a preamble indicating a recognition of the status of divided nation before national reunification. Accordingly, the political pragmatism in dealing with the Mainland found its constitutional basis. ROC CONST. (Additional Articles), reprinted in COMPLETE VOLUME OF Six LAWS 18 (Liou Ching-ching & She Mao-ling eds., 18th ed. 1994).
For a discussion of the significance of these amendments on the issue of national identity, see
Jau-Yuan Hwang, Constitutional Change and Political Transition in Taiwan Since 1986: The Role
of Legal Institutions 262-72 (1995) (unpublished JDS dissertation, Harvard law School).

Further, the government declared that the PRC would no longer be considered a rebel faction, but recognized as a political entity in a period of national separation. This political development
paved the way for Taiwan's initiative in internationalization and allowed Taiwan to pursue a plan of "flexible diplomacy" directed toward the expansion of international recognition.

2000 國籍法修正, 將中國修正為中華民國, 中國人修正為中華民國國民, 中國地修正為中華民國領域內, 中國法修正為中華民國法律
(目前施行的法律有一半以上由台灣人民直選之立法委員制定, 本土化; ROC法律施行於台灣後, 為因應台灣社會之實際需要, 屢經修正; Taiwanization of law;台灣主體性;台灣法律或台灣法
(王泰升,曾文亮, 2011:245-246)

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