modernization theory, which informed postwar development policy into the 1970s.
Modernization theory held that the development process entailed a shift away from traditional institutions and culture.
The normative implication was that developing countries should adopt systems of social organization as well as technologies from the modern West. The first law and development movement was closely associated with modernization theory (Galanter 1966).
Legal rules and modes of scholarship became technologies exported wholesale to developing countries in the hope that they would stimulate broader socioeconomic change, but the focus
was primarily cultural rather than institutional.