Wednesday, May 03, 2017

dependent clause: after, as if, because, even though, since, unless, or when.

A complex sentence includes one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.
When the dependent clause (附屬子句) comes first, it is an introductory clause followed by a comma. A dependent clause often begins with a dependent marker word, such as after, as if, because, even though, since, unless, or when. No comma is required for the construction independent clause + dependent clause.
After........, he...........
As if ..........., she ..............
Because ....., Mary ..........
Even though........., John ..........
Since......, he ........
Unless ........., she .........
When .............., I..............

When it follows the independent clause, no comma is needed.
He..........after.............
She..........as if............
Mary ......... because
John......... even though
He........since..........
She...........unless..............
I..............when.............

The dependent clause is in bold in the following complex sentences.

Correct:
He was late for work because he had a flat tire.

Correct:
Tim’s heart raced whenever she was near.

Correct:
The manager offered a discount after I complained about the service.

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