Wednesday, May 24, 2017

During Japan colonial rule, the first university, Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University, the predecessor of National Taiwan University, was founded in 1928 and started to provide legal education in Taiwan.[1] From 1931 to 1945, 40 persons graduated with law degrees from the above university. After the retrocession of Taiwan to the Nationalist government in 1945, the law department of the National Taiwan University started to provide legal education in 1946. Gradually, many university which retreated from China to Taiwan in 1949 started to reopen its campuses and provided legal education in Taiwan.[2] From1928 to 1990, there were eight institutions which provided legal education, including undergraduate and graduate programs (master and Ph.D. programs).
  (Lo,2006) 劉恆妏. (2004). 王泰升2008
Under martial law and authoritarian rule (1949-1987), young people were not encouraged to learn law which was considered closely associated with politics and thus a challenge to the KMT regime. Many political leaders with law degrees were involved in opposition politics and brought about democratization in 1980s. From 1946 to the end of 1980s, KMT regime had controlled legal education in Taiwan for 45 years during which KMT ideology, Chinese nationalism, state power, and suppression of individual liberty were taught in classes to justify political legitimacy of authoritarian regime. The curriculum focuses on 民商事法和刑事法 and ignored民主法治關係密切的憲法和行政法所佔比例太小 (Lo,2006; Winn & Yeh, 1995) 王泰升2008
    In 1985, Taiwan allowed the establishment of private universities. Since the 1994 education reform “expansion of higher education”, the number of law departments, law colleges, and law graduate schools has been increasing rapidly.[3] 王泰升2008



[1] The majority of law students at Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University were Japanese. is the. In 1905, the first department was established in Beijing National University in China. Winn, J. K., & Yeh, T.-c. (1995).王泰升, 2008
[2] For example, Soochow University set up law department in 1945. A school for military law was founded in 1957. National Chengchi University set up a law department in 1961. Fu Jen Catholic University set up a law department in 1963. Chinese Culture University set up a law department in 1966. Tunghai University set up a law department in 1980. 王泰升2008
[3] Many senior vocational schools and junior colleges were upgraded as universities/colleges and started to offer law degrees. 

 In 1985, Taiwan allowed the establishment of private universities. Since the 1994 education reform “expansion of higher education”, the number of law departments, law colleges, and law graduate schools has been increasing rapidly.  王泰升2008

Many senior vocational schools and junior colleges were upgraded as universities/colleges and started to offer law degrees.

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