This assumption has been repeatedly discussed since the early 1990s. See, e.g., Emerson
M. S. Niou, Peter. C. Ordeshook, and Guofu Tan, “Taiwanese Investment in Mainland China as a
Policy Tool,” Issues and Studies 28:8 (1992), pp. 14–31; Yu-Shan Wu, “Mainland China’s Economic
Policy toward Taiwan: Economic Need or Unification Scheme?” ibid., 30:9 (1994), pp. 29–49; Tse-
Kang Leng, “A Political Analysis of Taiwan’s Economic Dependence on Mainland China,” ibid., 34:8 (1998), pp. 132–54; Gang Lin et al., Cross-Strait Economic Ties: Agent of Change, or a Trojan Horse?
Asia Program Special Report, no. 118 (Princeton, N. J.: Woodrow Wilson Center, 2003), pp. 1–18;
Tun-jen Cheng, “China-Taiwan Economic Linkage: Between Insulation and Superconductivity,” in
Dangerous Strait: The U.S.-Taiwan-China Crisis, ed. Nancy B. Tucker (New York: Columbia University Press, 2005), pp. 93–130; Steve Chan, “The Politics of Economic Exchange: Carrots and
Sticks in Taiwan-China-U.S. Relations,” Issues and Studies 42:2 (2006), pp. 1–22.