Tuesday, February 21, 2017

passive representation

examines whether the composition of the bureau- cracy mirrors the demographic composition of the general pop- ulation or whether women and minorities are under- represented in government agencies (Brown 1999; Dolan 2000, 2002; Esman 1999; Kelly and Newman 2001; Naff and Crum 2000; Riccucci and Saidel 2001).

Brown, Deryck R. 1999. Ethnic Politics and Public Sector Management in Trinidad and Guyana. Public Administration and Development 19(4): 367-79.

Dolan, Julie. 2000. The Senior Executive Service: Gender, Attitudes and Representative Bureaucracy. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 10(3): 513-29. - .

2002. The Budget-Minimizing Bureaucrat? Empirical Evidence from the Senior Executive Service. Public Administration Review 62(1): 42

Esman, Milton J. 1999. Public Administration and Conflict Management in Plural Societies: The Case for Representative Bureaucracy. Public Administration and Development 19(4): 353-

Kelly, Rita Mae, and Meredith Newman. 2001. The Gendered Bureaucracy: Agency Mission, Equality of Opportunity, and Representative Bureaucracies. Women and Politics 22(3): 1

Naff, Katherine C., and John Crum. 2000. The President and Representative Bureaucracy: Rhetoric and Reality. Public Administration Review 60(3): 98-109.

Riccucci, Norma M., and Judith R. Saidel. 1997. The Representativeness of State-Level Bureaucratic Leaders. PublicAdministration Review 57(5): 423





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