Sunday, November 13, 2016

Fountainhead

  • individualism and collectivism within man's soul
  • the nature and function of the creator and the second-hander
  • what Roark is, his/her charater/nature is the main focus of this book --Roark (who moves the world), Keatings feed upon on Roark and hate Roark for it; Tooheys/collectivist are out consciously to destroy Roark
  • the relations to each other is secondary in this book, Roark's relation the world is not the theme of this book
  • how viciously the world treats Roark and why
  • subjectivist--originate or create nothing, are profoundly selfless, struggle to fill the void of the egos they do not possess, by means of the only form of self-assertiveness they recognize : defiance for the sake of defiance, irrationality for the sake of irrationality, destruction for the sake of destruction, whims for the sake of whims
  • one can't give up the world to those one despises
  • the projection of am ideal man --- Roark
  • portrayal of moral ideal
  • pursue the values for the sake of your own happiness
  • a book is addressed to any reader who proves worthy of it
  • it does not matter that only a few in each generation will grasp and achieve the full reality of man's proper statue---and that the rest will betray it. It is those few that move the world and give life its meaning---and it is those few that I have always sought to address. The rest are no concern of mine; it is not me or the Fountainhead that they will betray; it is their own souls.
  • Exaltation comes from the consciousness of being guiltless, of seeing the truth and achieving it, of living up to one's highest possibility, of knowing no shame and having no cause for shame, of being able to stand naked in full sunlight, Exaltation means joy and that joy is man's birthright. 
  • I can accept anything, except what seems to be the easiest for most people: the halfway, the almost, the just-about, the in-between 
  • the ability to say yes or no is the essence of full ownership. it is your ownership of your own ego. your soul, if you wish. you soul has a single basic function--the act of valuing. yes or no, i wish or i don't wish. you can't say yes without say I. there is no affirmation without the one who affirms. in this sense, everything to which you grant  your love is yours 
  • the meaning of life is your work, the material the earth offers you and what you make of it
  • I work because it is a problem I want to solve.
  • You don't think through another's brain and you don't work through another's hands. When you suspend your faculty of independent judgment, you suspend consciousness. To stop consciousness is to stop life.
  • It is easy to run to others. It is hard to stand on one's own record.You can fake virtue for an audience. You can't fake it in your own eyes.
  • that is what i want because I want it, not because it makes my neighbors gape at me
  • every form of happiness is private. our greatest moments are personal, self-motivated, not to be touched. the things which are sacred or precious to us are the things we withdraw from promiscuous sharing
  • self-sufficiency for man's spirit
  • if one doesn't respect oneself, one can have neither love nor respect for others
  • just listen to any prophet and if you hear him speak of sacrifice---run away 
  • where there is sacrifice, there is someone collecting sacrificial offerings
  • where there is sacrifice, there is someone being served
  • the man who speaks to you of sacrifice, speaks of salves and masters, and intends to be the master
  • the man who is not after your soul---a man who tell you that you must be happy, it is your natural right, that your first duty is to yourself
  • no creator is prompted by a desire to serve his brothers, for his brothers reject the gift he offers and that gift destroy the slothful routine of their lives
  • a creator's truth is his only motive, his own truth, his own work to achieve it in his own way
  • the creation, not its users; the creation, not the benefits others derived from the creation; the creation which gives form to his truth; he holds his truth above all things and against all men
  • his vision, his strength, his courage come from his own spirit; a man's spirit is his self. that is, his consciousness, to think, to feel, to judge, to act are functions of the ego
  • self-sufficient, self-motivated, self-generated
  • creator serves nothing and no on, he lives for himself
  • only by living for himself is he able to achieve the things which are the glory of mankind, such is the nature of achievement
  • the function of his reasoning mind
  • the mind is an attribute of the individual. there is no such thing as a collective brain, no such thing as a collective thought
  • an agreement reached by a group of men is only a compromise or an average drawn upon many individual thoughts, it is a secondary consequence; the primary act---the process of reason---must be performed by each man alone.
  • creative faculty can't be given or received, shared, or borrowed; it belongs to single individual man; that which it creates is the property of the creator
  • no man can give another the capacity to think, yet that capacity is our only means of survival
  • man survives through only one of the two ways--- (1)by the independent work of his own mind, or (2) as a parasite fed by the minds of others
  • the creator--- originates, conquest of nature, live for his work, need no other men, his primary goal is within himself, basic need is independence (not work under any form of compulsion, all relations with men are secondary)
  • the parasite --- borrows, conquest of men, live second-hand, needs other men, others become his prime motive, basic need is to secure his ties with other men in order to be fed (place relations first, declare that man exists in order to serve others, preach altruism)
  • no man can live for another
  • the man who attempts to live for others is a dependent. is a parasite in motive and make parasites of those he serves, the relationship produces nothing but mutual corruption
  • the man who live to serve others is the slave
  • men have been taught that the highest virtue is not to achieve, but to give; yet one can't give that which has not been created
  • the creator is not concerned with suffering, but with life
  • the creator is the man who disagrees with others, goes against currents, stand alone

Roark, creator, prime mover
  • Dean of Staton: who will let you? Roard: That is not the point. The point is, who will stop me?
  • 60 years to live. Most of that time will be spent working. If I find no joy in it, then I'm only condemning myself to 60 years of torture. I can find the joy only if I do my work in the best way possible to me. The best is a matter of standards.I set my own standards. I inherit nothing. I stand at the end of no tradition. I may stand at the beginning of one. 
  • Dean of Staton: How do you propose to force your ideas one them? Roark: I don't propose to force or be forced. Those who want me will come to me.
  • I don't intend to build in order to serve or help anyone. I don't intend to build in order to have clients. I intend to have clients in order to build. 
  • I don't care whether you agree with me or not. I don't care even to make others to think as I do.
  • Never ask people.  Not about your work. Don't you know what you want? How can you  stand it, not to know?"
  • How can you let others decide for you.
  • Roark's fundamental indifference. In the deeper reality of Roark's existence, there was no consciousness of others, no need for others, no appeal, no demand. Ask nothing of others and grant others nothing. 
  • Roark has no desire to come to others' attentions. 
  • ask nothing, expect nothing, depend on nothing
  • I don't like people who have to be handled.
  • don't ask others to tell you what you are when they see you
  • Mr. Janss: I guess that is what the public wants. Roark: Why do you suppose they want it? Why should you care what they want? Most people take most things because that is what's give them, and they have no opinion whatsoever. Do you wish to be guided by what they expect you to think they think or by your judgement?
  • men should seek the best, the unrecognized genius
  • Toohey: why don't you tell me what you think of me? Roark: I don't think of you.
  • I breathe for me own necessity, for the fuel of my body, for me survival, I've given you, not my sacrifice or my pity, but my ego and my naked need.
  • We live in our minds. Existence if the attempt to bring that life into physical reality. A house a person owns is a statement of his life.
  • I hate incompetence. It is the only thing I hate. But it didn't make me want to rule people. Nor to teach them anything. It made me want to do my own work in my own way and let myself be torn to pieces if necessary.
  • whatever we do, don't let's talk about the poor people in the slums. before you can do things for people, you must be the kind of man who can get things done. To get things done, you must love the doing, not the secondary consequences. The work, not the people. 
  • not at the expense of other men
  • the rich/the competent is penalized in favor of the one who is less competent
  • Roark doesn't believe in government housing.
  • my end is the work itself, my work done my way
  • I never think of myself in relation to anyone else. I refuse to measure myself as part of anything.
  • man can't be affected by the approval of others, he doesn't need it
  • base self-respect on personal standards of personal achievement
  • there is no substitute for competence (it is simple to seek easy substitutes for competence, e.g., love, charm, kindness, charity
  • I don't decide for others.
  • deman a certain quality in the person i like, the only quality i respect in men, i chose my friends by that quality---a self-sufficient ego
  • I like you, for reasons and standards of my own, i could die for you, but I can't life for you
Seconder-hander
  • live second -hand
  • have no self, live within others
  • to show, to stun, to entertain, to impress others
  • act to be noticed, liked, admired by others, at the price of their own self-respect, they place others above self
  • greatness, in other people's eyes. fame, admiration, envy---sall that which comes from others
  • others dictate his convictions, which he didn't hold, but he was satisfied that others believe he held them
  • others are his motive power and his prime concern
  • he doesn't want to be great, but to be thought great
  • cheats and lies, but preserve a respectable front
  • He knows himself to be dishonest, but others think he is honest and he derives his self-respect from that
  • the man who takes credit for an achievement which is not his own, he knows himself to be mediocre, but he is great in the eyes of others
  • the frustrated wretch who profess love for the inferior and clings to those less endowed, in order to establish his own superiority by comparison
  • the man whose sole aim is to make money
  • a lecturer who spouts some borrowed rehash of nothing at all that means nothing at all to him
  • the people who listen and don't give a damn, but sit there in order to tell their friends that they have attended a lecture by a famous name
  • have no concerns for facts, ideas, work; they are concerned only with people
  • don't ask "is this true?" instead, ask" is this what others think is true?"
  • not to judge, but to repeat
  • not to do, but to give the impression of doing
  • not creation, but show
  • not ability, but friendship
  • have no sense of reality, reality is not within them, but somewhere in that space which divides one human body from another, not an entity, but a relation--anchored to nothing
  • second-handers need ties. they have got to force their miserable little personalities on every single person they meet
  • the independent man kills second-handers, because second-handers don't exist within the independent man, and this is the only form of existence the second-handers know 
  • second-handers seek themselves in others, yet no man can achieve the kind of absolute humility that would need no self-esteem in any form, he wouldn't survive
  • seek self-esteem from others
  • all his wishes, efforts, dreams ambitions are motivated by other men
  • struggle for prestige, a stamp of approval from others, not his own
  • find no joy in the struggle for prestige and no joy when he has succeeded
  • place your prime concern within other men
  • worst second-handers--- man who goes after power
  • all were united as brothers in the luxury of common anger that cured boredom and took them out of themselves, and they knew well enough what a blessing it was to be taken out of themselves (becase they have no self)
  • a world where the thought of each man will not be his own, but an attempt to guess the thoughts in the brain of his neighbor who has no thought of his own but an attempt to guess the thought of the next neighbor who has not thought....and so on
  • his own pain borne for the sake of others or pain inflicted upon others for the sake of self


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