Wednesday, April 16, 2014

in 2013, your mom is British, dad is Italian
in 2014, your mom in Scottish, dad is Turkish
..................
Albert Einstein, it is said, was asked by a reporter, "How do you feel, knowing that so many
people are trying to prove you are not right?"

Einstein replied, "I have no interest in being right. I am only concerned with discovering whether I am or not."
Happiness is an achievement that demands an understanding of, a respect for, and a nurturing of the life process.

Ayn Rand

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayn_Rand

enlightened selfishness

Respect for a human being's right to exist for his or her own sake
—the ethics of rational self-interest or enlightened selfishness
We have no choice about the existence of such challenges; our only choice lies in how we will respond.
To be heroic is to persevere.
To love the process and the struggle.
To laugh without restraint and to weep without restraint.
To remain open and vulnerable, which means to remain feeling.
To allow the life-force to lift us as high as we can rise.
If we do not know how to live in the moment, we will not know how to live in eternity
When considering any work or activity, I asked myself,
"Am I confident that this is the way I want to invest my time and life?"

reader, kindle in Taiwan

http://bookpa.com/book/index.php

Tuesday, April 15, 2014

might be disappearing
it is not difficult
honest about expressing my thoughts and opinions
I'd at least know that my friends liked the real me.
our lives are filled with situations where it is appropriate and desirable to express what we think and feel, because such expression can be intrinsically satisfying, can enhance and enliven the moment, can serve our personal integrity. And yet, out of fear, we remain silent.
The moment is unlived. For many people, that is the pattern of their entire lives.
Every act of self-assertion is an implicit affirmation of my right to exist. It implies that I am not the property of others and that I am not bound to live my life in accordance with their expectations—neither my parents nor my teachers nor my friends nor my colleagues nor the government nor the salesperson trying to browbeat me into a purchase I have no wish to make. Self-assertion can be frightening—it connects me to my aloneness.

Monday, April 14, 2014

yes, no, soul default

one of the most important ways in which we support our self-esteem is through the courage and integrity to say no when we want to say no and yes when we want to say yes.

we said yes when we wanted to say no or vice versa, and we know the marks such defaults leave on the soul
The essence of self-assertion is to respect our own values and live by our own judgment, so that we experience integrity: what we do in the world is the appropriate expression of what we are.
Self-acceptance is, quite simply, realism. That which is, is. That which I feel, I feel. That which I think, I think. That which I have done, I have done.
A woman who does not permit herself to know when she feels assaulted and mistreated, for example, condemns herself to feeling helpless and impotent, a state in which self assertiveness is impossible.

The 6 Best Hot Pot Restaurants in Los Angeles

http://www.kcet.org/living/food/the-nosh/have-you-eaten/the-6-best-hot-pot-restaurants-in-los-angeles.html?utm=fb

Controversial facility works to curb H.I.V. spread

Solar-powered plane revealed in Switzerland

Sunday, April 13, 2014

Plenty of jobs are stressful, so why the special fuss about academia?

http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/blog/2014/apr/05/academics-anonymous-research-stressful-job-depression

There is a culture of acceptance around mental health issues in academia

http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/blog/2014/mar/01/mental-health-issue-phd-research-university

Saturday, April 12, 2014

Friday, April 11, 2014

台灣啟示錄柯媽媽 Part 3-1 強制險立法的八年抗戰 (上)

台灣啟示錄柯媽媽Part 4 柯媽媽還在拚 媽媽為你活的22年

台灣啟示錄柯媽媽 Part 3-2 強制險立法的八年抗戰 (下)

台灣啟示錄柯媽媽 Part 2 母子夢中對話與東海師生支持

柯媽媽強制險立法的八年抗戰 (上)



柯媽媽只有國小學歷,根本不懂什麼叫立法,她賣掉房子,籌錢組織協會,辦公聽會,­自己翻國語字典,翻六法全書,寫下10幾條「草案」,著手立法。之後的八年,柯媽媽和­其他受難家屬,那些死了孩子的父母們,在立法院外抗爭。被人罵、被人笑、被人抬,兩度­絕食送醫,虛脫之際,耳邊還聽到有立委說:怎不死一死。

台灣是民國83年才有全民健保,全民健保剛推出時,一樣受到大眾不解,遭到反對。而柯­媽媽是在民國78年就推動同樣具有社會保險概念,也就是和全民健保一樣,大家平均分擔­風險的汽機車強制責任險,當然更是受到阻力。不但立委冷嘲熱諷,民眾也覺得事不關己,­讓柯媽媽飽受挫折。

Please help Maoming city, China Is Under Military Massacre, Dozens People Dead!

For decades, they have lived far below comfort zone with unbelievably exploited living standards, and became the world's cheapest labor for our material affordability. NOW! They are yelling for HELP! Their lives are being slaughtered because of a peaceful demonstration against building a PX chemical factory in their city. The people of Maoming City, Guangdong, China Is Under Military Massacre since March 30. Military tanks and armed forces have blockaded the city and killed dozens people. The city’s internet access have been shot down. The Chinese medias have been ordered to be silent.
The people broke through dangerous resistance coming to our country’s internet crying for help. Please help them to make their voice louder.
强烈抗议中共血腥镇压茂名和平抗议民众!要求国际社会介入调查,追究凶手责任!请签名支持。每一个签名,就是一份力量!
https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/please-help-them-maoming-city-china-under-military-massacre-dozens-people-dead/wfP9qHYx

China demonstrations 廣東茂名上街頭抗議PX石化工廠, White House Petitions



http://wh.gov/ldAhg

强烈抗议中共血腥镇压茂名和平抗议民众!要求国际社会介入调查,追究凶手责任!请签名支持。每一个签名,就是一份力量!
當人民不再害怕中共時,中共的末日就到了!
請大家繼續密切關注廣東茂名市民反PX項目的事態發展。今天茂名學生和市民在遭到暴力鎮壓後,再次走上街頭抗議當局,其規模更大,人數更多。當局面對這種過去從未發生的情況,已進退失據,驚慌失措。這說明中國民眾已經不再害怕中共,中共已經無法鎮壓下去了。這是中國全民民主革命爆發的前兆。請大家打起精神,共同爲推動中國民主革命出一份力。
我們在海外的朋友能做的事情有限。我們唯一能做的事情就是爲國內民眾發聲。我們於日前在白宮網站開通了聲援茂名民眾的簽名專頁,一天之內簽名人數已近五百。請大家繼續推動這一簽名活動,將這一信息分享給你國內外的朋友,動員更多的人參與我們的行動。
When the people are no longer afraid of the Chinese communist regime, the end of this regime is beginning.
Please continue to show your support for the peaceful demonstration of Maoming city. Even after they started the massacre, more and more Maoming people are joining the demonstration. The Chinese Communist Party had never encountered anything like this. They are panicking and losing control. This situation tells us that the people are no longer afraid of the CCP and their violence to the people is losing power. The singularity of our Democracy Revolution against Communism is here. This is the time that we come together to create this historical moment.
In order to help to raise Maoming people’s voice. We have made a petition on the white house website. Please help to circulate this petition. Please pray for the Maoming people. Your signature can help to bring communism to an end!

Thursday, April 10, 2014

Where there is no power, there can be no responsibility, and where there is no responsibility, there can be no reasonable self reproach.
Regret, yes; guilt, no.

Wednesday, April 09, 2014

home

The will to be efficacious—the refusal of a human consciousness to accept helplessness as its permanent and unalterable condition

I am more than my problems


we are responsible for the life decisions we make
we are responsible for the conclusions we draw from our experience

Tuesday, April 08, 2014

Serious reading takes a hit from online scanning and skimming, researchers say

http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/serious-reading-takes-a-hit-from-online-scanning-and-skimming-researchers-say/2014/04/06/088028d2-b5d2-11e3-b899-20667de76985_story.html?hpid=z7

Swiss consider welfare overhaul with guaranteed income

Saturday, April 05, 2014

兩岸服貿協議真的「利大於弊」?統計的科學檢證

http://twstreetcorner.org/2014/04/01/linthunghong/

IMF chief Lagarde on the hurdles facing economic growth

syllabus

industrial policy
political economy
institutional economy
economic development
green enterprise

Living Without Money (繁中字幕)

Lin, Justin Yifu, Fang Cai, and Zhou Li (2003), The China Miracle: Development
Strategy and Economic Reform. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press.

Chow, Gregory C. (2002), China's Economic Transformation. Malden, Mass.:
Blackwell Publisher
Abdelal, Rawi, Mark Blyth, and Craig Parsons (2010) Constructing the International
Political Economy Ithaca: Cornell University Press

Berger, Suzanne (2005) How We Compete NY: Currency-Doubleday.

Buthe, Tim and Mattli, Walter (2011)The New Global Rulers: The Privatization of
Regulation in the World Economy Princeton: Princeton University Press

Culpepper, Pepper (2011) Quiet Politics and Business Power Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.

Frieden, Jeff R. (2007) Global Capitalism: Its Fall and Rise in the Twentieth Century
New York: Norton

Rodrik, Dani (2011) The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the
World Economy New York: Norton

Schmidt, Vivien A. (2002) The Futures of European Capitalism Oxford: Oxford
University Press.

Schmidt, Vivien A. and Thatcher, Mark (2013) Resilient Liberalism in Europe’s Political
Economy Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Streeck, Wolfgang and Thelen, Kathleen (2005) Beyond Continuity Oxford: Oxford
University Press

Steinmo, Sven (2010) The Evolution of Modern States: Sweden, Japan, and the United
States New York: Cambridge University Press

Barry Naughton. 2007. The Chinese Economy: Transition and Growth. Cambridge,
MA: The MIT Press.

Edward Steinfeld. 2000. Forging Reform in China: The Fate of State-Owned Industry.
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Center for Strategic and International Studies and Institute of International Economics
(eds.). 2006. China: The Balance Sheet. Washington, DC: CSIS and IIE.

Joseph Fewsmith. 2013. The Logic and Limits of China’s Political Reform. New York:
Cambridge University Press.
Li, Shousheng (2000). "关于21世纪前10年产业政策若干问题的思考(Reflections on some issues of industrial policy in the first decade of the 21st century). 管理世界 (Management World), No. 4: 49-58.

Liu, He and Yang Weimin (1991). "产业政策的制定和实施" (Formulating and implementing industrial policy). 宏观经济管理 (Macroeconomic Management), No. 7: 37-39.

Liu, He and Yang Weimin (1999). 中国的产业政策: 理念与实践 (Chinese Industrial Policy: Ideas and Practices). Beijing: Zhongguo jingji.

Liu, Hong (2010). 八〇年代:中国经济学人的光荣与梦想 (The 1980s: Glory and dreams of Chinese economists). Nanning: Guangxi shifan daxue.

Liu, Ling (2005). China's Industrial Policies and the Global Business Revolution: The Case of the Domestic Appliance Industry. London: Routledge.

MIIT (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, PRC) (2011). 中国产业发展和产业政策报告 (Report on industries' development and industrial policy in China). Beijing: CITIC Press.

Nolan, Peter (2001): China and the Global Economy: National Champions, Industrial Policy and the Big Business Revolution. Houndsmill: Palgrave.

Ou, Xinqian and Liu Jiang (eds.) (2007). 中国产业发展与产业政策 (Industrial development and industrial policies in China). Beijing: Xinhua.

Ou, Xinqian and Liu Jiang (eds.) (2007). 中国产业发展与产业政策 (Industrial development and industrial policies in China). Beijing: Xinhua.

Zhao, Ying (ed.) (2000). 中国产业政策实证分析 (Empirical analysis of Chinese industrial policies). Beijing: Shehui kexue wenxian.

Zhou, Xiaochuan and Yang Zhigang (1992). "谈产业政策的概念和选择" (On the conceptions and choices of industrial policy). 财贸经济 (Finance & Trade Economics), No.7: 7 -11.
Li, Cheng (2009). "China's New Think Tanks: Where Officials, Entrepreneurs, and Scholars Interact". China Leadership Monitor, August 2009: 1-21.
Jung, Joo-Youn (2006). When Nonliberal Economies Meet Globalization. The Transformation of Interventionist States in East Asia. Unpublished Dissertation, Stanford University.

raising children, self esteem

Between parent and child

Between parent and teenager

Liberated parents, liberated children

How to talk so kids will listen and listen so kids will talk

Sibling without rivalry

Parent effectiveness training ---- Thomas Gordon

Building self-esteem: a comprehensive program for schools

Personal and social responsibility ---- Constance Dembrowsky

Friday, April 04, 2014

Awareness is the silent and choiceless observation of what is

Problems will always exist where the activities of the self are dominant. To be aware which are and which are not the activities of the self needs constant vigilance. This vigilance is not disciplined attention, but an extensive awareness which is choiceless. Disciplined attention gives strength to the self; it becomes a substitute and a dependence. Awareness, on the other hand, is not self-induced, nor is it the outcome of practice; it is understanding the whole content of the problem, the hidden as well as the superficial. The surface must be understood for the hidden to show itself; the hidden cannot be exposed if the surface mind is not quiet. 
This whole process is not verbal, nor is it a matter of mere experience. Verbalization indicates dullness of mind; and experience, being cumulative, makes for repetitiousness. Awareness is not a matter of determination, for purposive direction is resistance, which tends towards exclusiveness. Awareness is the silent and choiceless observation of what is; in this awareness the problem unrolls itself, and thus it is fully and completely understood. A problem is never solved on its own level; being complex, it must be understood in its total process. To try to solve a problem on only one level, physical or psychological, leads to further conflict and confusion. For the resolution of a problem, there must be this awareness, this passive alertness which reveals its total process. - Krishnamurti, J. Krishnamurti Commentaries on Living Series I Chapter 41 Awareness
由於太陽和風力部門製造力可觀、國內市場成長,以及世無其匹的國定再生能源目標,中國在未來許多年都將領先世界乾淨能源市場

feed-in tariff

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feed-in_tariff

green energy race




http://udn.com/NEWS/WORLD/WOR2/8592143.shtml

根據最新調查,2013年全球綠能(乾淨能源、再生能源)平均投資水平連續兩年下降,但G20有日本、加拿大和英國三國增加,日本的投資成長率還拿了第一名。

根據美國「Pew慈善信託」3日公布的報告〈2013:誰是乾淨能源競賽的贏家?〉,中國2013年的乾淨能源投資仍然冠於全球,但歐盟繼2012年降低9%之後,2013年再減11%,造成全球投資連續兩年下降。

但日本是一大例外,2013年投資額勁升80%,達到286億美元(台幣8580億元),其中一半在太陽能,把日本的太陽能產能增加將近一倍。日本投資勁增,也使亞洲2013年的綠能投資成長率以10%稱冠世界。

日本2011年地震海嘯引發福島核電廠災難,核電廠停機,但自身又沒有石化資源,進口石油又昂貴,因此必須追求能源多元化。日本去年綠能勁增的結果,投資額在全球僅次於美國和中國。報告說,日本投資大幅增加,政府收購電力(feed-in tariff)的制度居功甚大。

中國的投資在2012年縮減6%,但2013年仍以542億美元居全球之首,美國以367億美元排第二。

中國大陸的空氣品質,以及其和氣候變遷的關係(中國大陸是溫室氣體最大生產戶),一直引人關切,北京對風力和太陽能設下頗具雄心的目標。

根據Pew報告,中國大陸的太陽能成長將近四倍。在2008-13年綠能產能成長率這一項,南韓以23%拿第五名,中國也是23%但排第四名,土耳其以28%居首。

報告說:「由於太陽和風力部門製造力可觀、國內市場成長,以及世無其匹的國定再生能源目標,中國在未來許多年都將領先世界乾淨能源市場。」

反之,歐盟由於撙節,加上未來的獎勵措施不確定,投資大幅下降。德國銳減55%,法國劇降42%,義大利大砍75%,西班牙更狂削84%。英國是歐洲的光點,成長13%,總額達到124億美元,在全球排第四,其中一半在風能。
加拿大則激增將近50%,大部分在風力發電,但太陽能也上升,在加拿大總投資額65億美元中占25億。

why do you sit under a tree?

he asked: why do you sit under a tree?
she replied: maybe I am being enlightened....as a buddha?


enormous independence, courage, and integrity

the will to think, to understand, to remain true to our understanding, to struggle, to endure, to persevere,
and to remain open and responsive to life, sometimes in the face of dread, despair, confusion, and loneliness.

High self-esteem seeks the stimulation of demanding goals.

the choice to think, the choice to not think, to think about what (content), when do I want to think

Shall I assert consciousness or flee from it? Shall I take responsibility for consciousness or pretend
no such responsibility exists?

Grasp this. See where you left off, re-create your context, grasp what the situation now
requires—and proceed

the kinds of choices we make determine the kind of self-esteem we possess

the freedom specifically in the choice to seek or avoid awareness

hard vs soft life for women?

do women have to yell loudly in order to be heard? to make men believe what she says is correct and what men say is wrong?

The U.S. Can Help Calm Taiwan's Political Storm

http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2014-03-31/is-china-losing-taiwan

服貿辯論-黃國昌vs楊泰順, institution and trade pact, Taiwan

Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) and the Role of Congress in Trade Policy

https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL33743.pdf

Nathaniel Branden

http://www.amazon.com/Nathaniel-Branden/e/B000APCVE8/ref=ntt_athr_dp_pel_1

Thursday, April 03, 2014



Frozen Let it go Idina Menzel

世界是自己的,与他人毫无关系

http://mp.weixin.qq.com/mp/appmsg/show?__biz=MzA5MDA3MTUwNw%3D%3D&appmsgid=10000005&itemidx=1&sign=02c7133fec0667a79c914a06a696aa83&scene=2&from=timeline&isappinstalled=0&uin=NjgxMTc4MjQy

Taipei, Taiwan

Tuesday, April 01, 2014

'Why I Must Come Out' - Geena Rocero transgender woman

白狼辩统独

20140401中天新聞 白狼號召千人衝立院 嗆聲衝突不斷

Do Our Dogs Look and Act More Like Us Over Time?

http://www.nextavenue.org/blog/do-our-dogs-look-and-act-more-us-over-time?utm_source=na_socialmedia&utm_medium=na_socialmedia&utm_campaign=na_socialmedia

I live in a van down by Duke University

http://www.salon.com/2009/12/07/living_in_a_van/?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=socialflow

I live in a van down by Duke University

Kenya takes on e-waste problem with new recycling hub

Drug makers agree to curb antibiotic use for farm animals

a demonstrator's business card in Taipei

Photo: 以間諜身份混入白狼陣營,身旁全是檳榔男子和憤怒主婦。假扮成粉絲從他手上拿到名片,他還熱情邀我加入竹聯幫(抖)。結束前,白狼拿著麥克風對學生大吼:「你們民進黨全部都是黑道啦。」還逼這群流氓一齊合唱「中華民國頌」。

我快笑死了。
different countries, different problem....

何清莲《中国现代化的陷阱》



http://www.wenxuecity.com/news/2004/07/10/15246.html

 在上次《透视中国》的《奇书共赏》栏目中,我们为您介绍了何清涟女士的《现代化的陷阱》一书的主要内容,在这本书出版五年之后,它的修订本《中国现代化的陷阱》,由美国博大出版社于二零零三年九月在海外出版。作者一扫旧版不能直言的禁异,采用最新的资料和资料分析论证,使之更具说服力。值得我们注意的是《修订本》还加进了作者到海外后,对一些问题的重新思考。在今天《透视中国》的《奇书共赏》栏目中,我们请何清涟女士为我们介绍《中国现代化的陷阱》修订本的最新内容。
何清涟:我重新写了《序言》重新写了《结语》,还再增加了十一章,这三部份代表了我对中国改革开放的很多理论思考,包括我这个书出版以后,发生的一些重大变化,我在这里面都有交代.另外每一章我都补充了九八年以后的一些变化,尤其是关于黑社会地下经济,还有国有企业等等等等,我增补了很多内容,再把原来的材料删掉一些,总篇幅还保持不变,至少是更新了三分之一以上的内容。
记者:那您刚才说您增加了第十一章,第十一章的内容的是甚么呢?
何清涟:第十一章就是那篇很著名的《当代中国社会结构演变的总体性分析》,我在那里面主要分析了社会阶层的分化,还有每一个阶层在改革后形成的这种新的等级序列中,居于一个甚么地位。我记得《书屋》杂志发了我这篇文章后,他们的总编半开玩笑的跟我说:现在大家都拿著你这篇文章在对,我是属于哪个阶级?我在那里就提出了政治精英,经济精英和知识精英他们三者合流的概念,而且也提出了中产阶级搭便车,工人农民地位边缘化的问题。
记者:那甚么叫地位边缘化?
何清涟:一个人要在社会上有正常的位置,起码要有几样东西,第一个,他要有一个正常的工作保证,还有正常的收入,能够维持一个不失体面的一种生活,哪怕穷一点.我说的边缘化,就是他们已经逐步被甩落到这个社会结构之外,沦为了没有工作的人。像农民就成为了「三无人员」,到城市做流民.所谓「三无人员」是中国政府给定的一个概念,是哪「三无」呢?是没有合法的证件,没有固定工作,没有固定住所。你去想一个人连这三样东西没有,他还在这个社会上,那就等于甚么生存条件都没有了。那么至于工人就是没有工作,居住在贫民窟似的地方,没有能力供养他们的后代读书,接受必要的教育。等于中国是一辆现代化列车,政治精英是主导著这辆列车前进方向的,经济精英和知识精英坐在这辆列车的头等舱或软卧和硬卧里,搭便车的中产阶级坐比较好的硬卧,有工作的底层人员坐硬坐,「三无人员」已经被甩掉在列车之下了,有的人甩在列车之外,已经跟不上步伐了,就是整个社会的发展与他们无关了。
过去在毛泽东时代,中国是以工人阶级为领导,以工农联盟为基础的无产阶级专政国家,但是那时工人实际上只是名誉上的政治地位高,但是江泽民他们确实也想做一个理论修改,就是提出「三个代表」理论。
上海有一个大企业经理跟我讲过,他说「代表最广大人民群众利益」咱们都说了几十年了,从来就没落到实处过。但是为甚么要说呢?因为它还有一个道德作用,至少要举这面旗帜。他说要害就是在前两条,谁是先进生产力的代表?我们,谁是先进文化的代表?还是我们。他说你想工人农民怎么可能是先进生产力的代表呢?他们又怎么可能是先进文化的代表呢?我们有钱,他说在电视上报纸上能够发言的,除了政府,就是我们,还有就是代表我们利益的知识精英。
记者:那现在可不可以这么理解,中国政府的政策像您讲的已经对政治精英和经济精英的这么一个倾斜,而不是对人农民的倾斜,可以这么理解吗?
何清涟:基本是这样。中国的改革开放从八九年结束它的理想主义改革时期以后,它就越来越体现出一个特征,就是政治精英集团采取各种各样的措施,让政策的向强势集团倾斜。让政府出台很多有利于他们这个小集团的政策,中国后来越来越体现出这一条,比如小汽车政策,房地产政策,还包括电讯产业的政策,只要有利于强势集团的政策,都是出台迅速,非常果断。但是如果要是对老百姓有利的政策,讲半天也到不了位。九三年宏观调控以前是放权让利,是政府放权放利出来,让社会铺张,有一些集团得的多一点,有些集团得的少一点。那么从九三年以后是政府要从老百姓手里拿回去,所谓医疗保险改革,养老改革,就业体制改革,教育改革,基本上都是要老百姓把袋里的钱都掏回来给政府。我觉得中国的改革从它的实践后果来看,它已经变成了权势集团利用手中的权势掘取国有财产的一个过程。
记者:有的人认为这个贫富差距是哪一个社会都不可避免的,包括美国也有贫富差距。但是也有的人说,如果你过分强调贫富差距,或者是说过分强调要消除这个贫富差距,那势必又回到人人有饭吃,人人又都吃不饱的这种大锅饭那种状况,您是怎么看这个问题呢?
何清涟:其实我觉得他们都只强调了一个问题,任何社会都有贫富差距,确实要容忍合理的贫富差距存在。同时最重要的是整个社会要有一套救助穷人的机制存在。一个社会最重要的不是看富人有多富,而是要看穷人有多穷。
我到美国来以后我就了解到,其实美国的穷人他们的生活并不困难,因为政府的食物券就保证了他们的基本食品。另外就是你多生孩子有补助,所以很多人养几个孩子生活反而不困难。那么在中国整个社会保险体制没有建立起来,这些失业保险社会救济都没有,所以穷人就穷到了甚么程度呢,如果一旦失业,又找不到工作,就很可能衣食无著,那跟美国完全不一样,这是一点。
第二点,美国的贫富差距是经过两百多年来市场竞争机制形成的,人穷和人富是由于才能,能力各种各样的差异造成的,但是起点是平等的。而且政府的公立学校是免费的,穷人的孩子读大学,你要是读不起还可以申请补助,奖学金。中国没有这一套制度,就是没有保护穷人的这一套机制。而且中国的贫富差距不是通过合理的市场竞争,是一种起点不平等,权势集团凭藉权力掠夺财富,在短短二十多年内掠夺人民血汗。因为中国的国有资产是怎么积累起来的?是老百姓低消费高积累积累起来的,那么改革又对他们进行二次剥夺.他们原来积累的没有了,现在又要他们再交钱出来,造成穷人更穷。所以我觉得如果要谈贫富差距,看字面好像中国跟西方是一样的。但是要从这个贫富差距形成的原因,贫富差距造成这个后果之后的社会反冲机制,社会救助系统这些来看完全不一样。我在这个《修订版》中特别重新写了《结语》,《结语》的标题就叫做《中国改革的得与失》,其中我就直接指出了,中国的政治精英,经济精英和知识精英就是改革的受益者。广大中下层人民,尤其是工人,农民这两大集团,实际上就是受剥夺者。
记者;那您怎样理解邓小平」让一部份人先富起来」的政策?
何清涟:我现在对改革也有一个思考,原来我们对改革一直有一个幻想,认为它确实可能会达到共产党宣称的目标,就是让少数人先富起来,再带动全体人民共同富裕。那么我出来这两年,我读了一些比较政治学的著作,其中分析了很多威权国家,就是发展中国家的转型问题,后来我才发现这几乎是所有的威权国家转型的特征。我们中国这个国家俱有两个特征。第一,我们这个政权是通过战争建立起来的,战争建立起来的政权它具有几个能力,一个它有动员社会资源的能力。
第二,它有一个全面控制社会的能力.那么中国共产党政权在这方面的能力,应该说是世界上比任何政权要更厉害.那么就是这一点也就决定了,在它改革威权政治转向市场化的过程中间,改革必然是精英集团尽可能的在改革中间满足自己利益的需要。所以如果我们设想这种自上而下的改革,能够真的满足全体人民的需要,我觉得可能是我们不了解这个威权政治的特征。
记者:您在这本书中指出了中国改革的很多的问题,那您认为这些问题有甚么样的方法可以解决吗?
何清涟:你要说有甚么方法解决中国这么多复杂的问题,我相信任何人也没有办法。但是现在至少还有一条可能的道路,就是政治体制改革。我在书中讲过,所有的问题虽然都发生在经济领域,但是根源却在政治领域。中国现在只有唯一的一条路可走,就是政治体制改革。但是政治体制改革还有两个问题,第一,正好像戊戌维新是一九九八年,一九九八年方子到了一九零五年形势已经变了,那时候的方子不管用了,这就叫改革的时间成本。所以改革越早越好,越拖到后来,政治体制改革的边际效益越小,起的作用就越小。第二点,政治体制改革确实不能解决中国的一切的问题,但是它至少提供了一种可能性。
当年慈禧太后拒绝改革的一个说法就是民智未开,翻译成现代汉语就是老百姓的的素质不行。他们忽视了一条,民主就是一个学习的过程,实践的过程。你停留在纸面上是没有意义的。我相信中国老百姓的智力水平,并不会比几百年前,美国开国时的移民硬是查非常多。
所以我觉得通过民主让大家在实践中学习,总比永远不让大家民主化要好的多。
中国政府为甚么迟迟不愿意搞政治体制改革呢?我觉得中国在九十年代就有一句这样的民谚,叫作「反腐败亡党不反腐败亡国」。因为中国就是这样的你要反腐败,那么中国这些党员官僚,从上到下没有几个人不贪污腐败的。但是「不反腐败亡国」,指的就是如果让共产党这样统治下去,这个国家是没有前途的。
在采访过程中何清涟女士告诉我们,《现代化的陷阱》一书改变了她一生的命运。在下次《透视中国》的节目中,我们将为您介绍何清涟女士的故事--逃出中国,请您注意收看。好,观众朋友们,又到了与您说再见的时候了,主持人林丹感谢您的收看,我们下次节目再会。

China's lofty currency plans are just getting started

http://finance.fortune.cnn.com/2014/03/24/renmibi-china-currency-economy/?iid=SF_F_River

Taiwan: Between democracy and China, and in a hard place

http://management.fortune.cnn.com/2014/03/24/taiwan-china-trade-protests/

Development Patterns: Among Countries and Over Time

  1. Chenery, H.B. and Taylor, L. (1968). "Development Patterns: Among Countries and Over Time," The Review of Economics and Statistics, 50(4), pp. 391–416. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Hollis Chenery's patterns of development approach

different countries become wealthy via different trajectories. The pattern that a particular country will follow, in this framework, depends on its size and resources, and potentially other factors including its current income level and comparative advantages relative to other nations

two-sector surplus model,

W. Lewis' two-sector surplus model, which views agrarian societies as consisting of large amounts of surplus labor which can be utilized to spur the development of an urbanized industrial sector, 
political, social and institutional obstacles to development

Capital accumulation

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capital_accumulation

improved capital investment leads to greater economic growth

Todaro, Michael and Stephen Smith. Economic Development. 9th ed. Addison-Wesley series in economics, 2006

Patterns of Industrial Growth

Chenery, H.B. (1960). "Patterns of Industrial Growth," The American Economic Review, 50(4), pp. 624–54. American Economic Association.

linear-stages-of-growth model : The Five Stages of Growth.

the traditional society, the pre-conditions for take-off, the take-off, the drive to maturity, and the age of high mass-consumption

Rostow, W.W. The Five Stages of Growth. Development and Underdevelopment: The Political Economy of Global Inequality. 3rd ed. pp. 123-131. 
economic growth 
structural transformation.

Monday, March 31, 2014

Biotechnology Degrees and Certificates

http://www.bio-link.org/home/degrees

The Guide to National Professional Certification Programs

Bio tech

http://books.google.com.tw/books?id=Hd0yS5Z2Ta8C&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

Taiwan, New York Times

Taiwan, New York Times

Sunday, March 30, 2014

Friendship is possible between equal human beings, totally free from all bondage of society, culture, civilization, only living true to their authentic nature.

Should one first come to terms with one's own Loneliness before entering into Relationship?

by osho

Osho - Yes, you have to come to terms with your loneliness, so much so that the loneliness is transformed into aloneness. Only then will you be capable of moving into a deep enriching relationship. Only then will you be able to move into love. What do I mean when I say that one has to come to terms with one's loneliness, so much so that it becomes aloneness?
Loneliness is a negative state of mind. Aloneness is positive, notwithstanding what the dictionaries say. In dictionaries, loneliness and aloneness are synonymous -- they are synonyms; in life they are not. Loneliness is a state of mind when you are constantly missing the other, aloneness is the state of mind when you are constantly delighted in yourself. Loneliness is miserable, aloneness is blissful. Loneliness is always worried, missing something, hankering for something, desiring for something;
aloneness is a deep fulfillment, not going out, tremendously content, happy, celebrating. In loneliness you are off center, in aloneness you are centered and rooted. Aloneness is beautiful. It has an elegance around it, a grace, a climate of tremendous satisfaction. Loneliness is; beggarly; all around it there is begging and nothing else. It has no grace around it. In fact it is ugly.
Loneliness is a dependence, aloneness is SHEER independence. One feels as if one is one's whole world, one's whole existence.

Now, if you move into a relationship when you are feeling lonely, then you will exploit the other. The other will become a means to satisfy you. You will use the other, and everybody resents being used because no man is here to become a means for anybody else. Every man is an end unto himself. Nobody is here to be used like a thing, everybody is here to be worshipped like a king.
Nobody is here to fulfill anybody else's expectations, everybody is here just to be himself.
So whenever you move in any relationship out of loneliness, the relationship is already on the rocks. Even before it has started, it is already on the rocks. Even before the birth, the child is dead. It is going to create more misery for you. And remember, when you move from your loneliness you will fall in relationship with somebody who is in the same plight, because no man who is really living his aloneness will be attracted towards you. You will be too below him. He can, at the most, sympathize, but cannot love you. One who is on his peak of aloneness can only be attracted towards somebody who is also alone. So whenever you move out of loneliness, you will find a man of the same type; you will find your own reflection somewhere. Two beggars will meet, two miserable people will meet. And remember, when two miserable people meet, it is not an ordinary addition, it is a multiplication. They create much more misery for each other than they could have created in their loneliness.
First become alone. First start enjoying yourself. First love yourself. First become so authentically happy that if nobody comes it doesn't matter; you are full, overflowing. If nobody knocks at your door it is perfectly okay -- YOU are not missing. You are not waiting for somebody to come and knock at the door. You are at home. If somebody comes, good, beautiful. If nobody comes, that too is beautiful and good.
THEN move into relationship. Now you move like a master, not like a beggar. Now you move like an emperor,. not like a beggar.
And the person who has lived in his aloneness will always be attracted to another person who is also living his aloneness beautifully, because the same attracts the same. When two masters meet -- masters of their being, of their aloneness -- happiness is not just added, it is multiplied. It becomes a tremendous phenomenon of celebration. And they don't exploit, they share. They don't use each other. Rather, on the contrary, they both become one and enjoy the existence that surrounds them.
Two lonely people are always facing each other, confronting. Two people who have known aloneness are together, facing something higher than both. I always give this example: two ordinary lovers who are both lonely always face each other; two real lovers, on a full moon night, will not be facing each other. They may be holding hands, but they will be facing the full moon high in the sky. They will not be facing each other, they will be together facing something else. Sometimes they will be listening
to a symphony of Mozart or Beethoven or Wagner together. Sometimes they will be sitting by the side of a tree and enjoying the tremendous being of the tree enveloping them. Sometimes they may be sitting by a waterfall and listening to the wild music that is continuously being created there. Sometimes, by the ocean, they will both be looking to the farthest possibility that the eyes can see.
Whenever two lonely persons meet, they look at each other, because they are constantly in search of ways and means to exploit the other: how to use the other, how to be happy through the other. But two persons who are deeply contented within themselves are not trying to use each other. Rather, they become fellow travellers; they move on a pilgrimage. The goal is high, the goal is far away. Their common interest joins them together.
Ordinarily the common interest is sex. Sex can join two persons momentarily and casually, and very superficially. Real lovers have a greater common interest. It is not that sex will not be there; it may be there, but as part of a higher harmony. Listening to Mozart's or Beethoven's symphony, they may come so close, so close, so close, that there may be love. They may make love to each other, but it is in the greater harmony of a Beethoven symphony. The symphony was the real thing; the love happens as
part of it. And when love happens of its own accord, unsought, unthought, simply happens as part of a higher harmony, it has a totally different quality to it. it is divine, it is no longer human. 
The word 'happiness' comes from a Scandanavian word 'hap'. The word'happening' also comes from the same Scandanavian root. Happiness is that which happens. You cannot produce it, you cannot command it, you cannot force it. At the most, you can be available to it. Whenever it happens, it happens. 
Two real lovers are always available, but never thinking, never trying to find happiness. Then they are never frustrated, because whenever it happens it happens. They create the situation. In fact, if you are happy with yourself, you are already the situation,and if the other is also happy with himself or herself, she is also the situation. When these two situations come close, a greater situation is created. In that greater situation much happens -- nothing is produced. 
Man has not to do anything to be happy. Man has just to flow and let go. So, the question is: should one first come to terms with his own loneliness before entering into relationship? Yes; yes, 
absolutely. It has to be so, otherwise you will be frustrated, and in the name of love you will be doing something else which is not love at all. 

Source - Osho Book "Come Follow To You, Vol 4" 
 

demonstration in Taipei, Taiwan

god conspiracy

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Living on Your Own Terms: What Is Real Rebellion?


People can be happy only in one way, and that is if they are authentically themselves. Then the springs of happiness start flowing; they become more alive, they become a joy to see, a joy to be with; they are a song, they are a dance.” – Osho