Tuesday, September 18, 2018

disability, diversity

McLaughlin, M.E., Bell, M.P., and Stringer, D.Y., 2004. Stigma and acceptance of coworkers
with disabilities: understudied aspects of workforce diversity. Group and Organization
Management, 29, 302–333.

James E. King Jr. , Myrtle P. Bell & Ericka Lawrence (2009) Religion as an aspect of workplace diversity: an examination of the US context and a call for international research, Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, 6:1, 43-57, DOI: 10.1080/14766080802648631

Sexual orientation

Ragins, B. R. (2004). Sexual orientation in the workplace:The unique work and career experiences of gay, lesbianand bisexual workers. Research in Personnel and HumanResource Management, 23, 37-122.

James E. King Jr. , Myrtle P. Bell & Ericka Lawrence (2009) Religion as an aspect of workplace diversity: an examination of the US context and a call for international research, Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, 6:1, 43-57, DOI: 10.1080/14766080802648631

Chrobot-Mason, D., Button, S.B., and DiClementi, J.D., 2001. Sexual identity management
strategies: an exploration of antecedents and consequences. Sex Roles, 45, 321–336.

Day, N.E. and Schoenrade, P., 1997. Staying in the closet versus coming out: relationships
between communication about sexual orientation and work attitudes. Personnel Psychology,
50 (1), 147–163

Dietch, E.A., Butz, R.M., and Brief, A.P., 2004. Out of the closet and out of a job? The nature,
import, and causes of sexual orientation discrimination in the workplace. In: R.W. Griffin
and A. O’Leary-Kelly, eds. The dark side of organizational behavior. San Francisco, CA:
Jossey-Bass, pp. 187–234.

Dunkle, J.H. and Francis, P.L., 1990. The role of facial masculinity/femininity in the attribution
of homosexuality. Sex Roles, 23 (3/4), 157–167.

Ragins, B.R., 2008. Disclosure isconnects: antecedents and consequences of disclosing invisible
stigmas across life domains. Academy of Management Review, 33, 194–215.

Ragins, B.R. and Cornwell, J.M., 2001. Pink triangles: antecedents and consequences of
perceived workplace discrimination against gay and lesbian employees. Journal of
Applied Psychology, 86 (6), 1244–1261

Ragins, B.R. and Wiethoff, C., 2005. Understanding heterosexism at work: the straight
problem. In: B. Dipboye and A. Colella, eds. Discrimination at work: psychological and
organizational bases. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Association, pp. 177–201.


religion, work, law

Morgan, J. F. (2005). Religion at work:A legal quagmire. Managerial Law, 47, 247-259

Protestant work ethic

Ramon J. Aldag, Arthur P. Brief, Some Correlates of Work Values, Journal of Applied Psychology
1975, Vol. 60, No. 6, 757-760

Furnham, A. (1982). ‘The Protestant work ethic and attitudes toward unemployment’, Journal of
Occupational Psychology, 55, 277-286.

Beit-Hallahmi, B. (1979). ‘Personal and social components of the Protestant ethic’, Journal of Social
Psychology. 109.263-267.

Furnham, A. (1984). ‘The Protestant work ethic: a review of the psychological literature’, European Journal of Social Psychology, 14, (l), 87-104.

Greenberg, J. (1977). ‘The Protestant work ethic and reactions to negative performance evaluations on a laboratory task‘, Journal of Applied Psychology, 62,682-690

Ray, J. J. (1982). ‘The Protestant ethic in Australia’, Journal of Social Psychology, 116, 127-138.




age spirituality

Review of Religious Research

半月板撕裂傷,不開刀也能痊癒, 原始點

Monday, September 17, 2018

moderator, moderating effect, mediator, mediating effect

Frazier, P. A., Tix, A. P., & Barron, K. E. (2004). Testing moderator and mediator effects in counseling psychology research. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 51, 115–134.

spirituality and OCB

Duffy, R. D. (2010). Spirituality, Religion, and Work Values. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 38(1), 52-61. doi: 10.1177/009164711003800105
spirituality and service

Browne (2002) surveyed 401 undergraduate students from a predominantly Black religious university in the South and a predominantly White university in the Midwest. In participant selection, the author took special efforts to secure a sample of students with religious beliefs and ideologies. This study found intrinsic religiousness to positively correlate with values of altruism and aesthetics and to negatively correlate with variety, way of life, and prestige. Similarly, religious commitment was found to positively correlate with valuing management, aesthetics, and altruism, and to negatively correlate with way of life and variety.
Browne, L. A. (2002). On faith and work: The relationship between religiosity and work values. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 62, pp. 4069.

Sunday, September 16, 2018

PA journals

International Review of Administrative Sciences

Optimum, The Journal of Public Sector Management

Saturday, September 15, 2018

環保酵素

【環保酵素 (溫秀枝醫師推廣) 製作方法】
環保酵素是混合了糖和水的廚餘(鮮果皮蔬菜), 經過三個月發酵後, 便立即可以使用。
(一)材料:
1.黑糖(黑糖, 不用黃糖或白糖, 因為黑糖有多礦物質,功能很強):1公斤
2.果皮(新鮮果皮):3公斤
3.水 :10公斤(=10公升)
「黑糖:果皮:水 」比例 = 1:3 :10 (以公斤或容量來計算)
(二)簡單容器:有密封開蓋口的塑膠器材料
(三)做法:
1.準備一個有密封蓋口的塑膠容器。
2.把水和糖倒進塑膠容器裏攪均後,加入廚房鮮垃圾。鮮垃圾包括:鮮樹葉、水果皮,準備丟掉的蔬菜或植物。
3.容器內留一些空間,以防止酵素發酵時溢出容器外。
4.將容器蓋緊。
5.製作過程中會產生氣體,切記每天將瓶口稍微打開,以泄放氣體,避免瓶子被撐破。
6.不時把浮在液面上的垃圾按下去,使它浸泡在液體中。
7.環保酵素應該放在空氣流通和陰涼處,避免陽光直照,發酵3個月後即可使用。
PS:第一個月須每日打開容器上的蓋口,釋放氣體,其氣體非常的強,故不建議用玻璃的容器。有些環保酵素經過一個禮拜後,便沒強氣,那就不用再開蓋了。
【製作環保酵素須注意事項】
1.避免選用玻璃或金屬等無法膨脹的容器。
2.用鮮垃圾包括鮮菜葉、水果皮等準備丟掉的蔬菜或植物,不包括廢紙、塑膠、金屬罐頭和瓶子。
3.避免使用魚、肉、或油膩的廚餘,因為會造成腐臭味;如果要製作出來的酵素有清香氣味,可以加橘皮、檸檬皮和班蘭葉等氣味較好的蔬菜果皮。如果你放比較多菜類的話,它的味道就會有一點像鹹菜味道,如果你放多果皮,它的味道就會很香。做完後記得寫上「製作日期」。
4.成功的環保酵素呈棕黃色,而且有橘子般的刺激氣味,將製好的環保酵素過濾到瓶子中待用;如果酵素呈現黑色,即腐敗,失敗了,但只需加入同樣分量的糖,重新發酵3個月即可。
5.環保酵素在第一個月發酵的時候,你會聞到會有酒精的味道;第二個月你就會開始聞到酸酸的味道,那個是醋酸,裏面很多的物質,礦物質維他命等等,再經分解後就產生了酵素。普潘翁博士說三個月過後,環保酵素就可以拿來使用了,它會非常的穩定 ! 當然三個月過後,你可以直接保留放著,不一定要馬上把酵素倒出來,它可以存放一年,兩年,三年,十年,二十年都沒問題,發酵6個月或以上的酵素最好,發酵期越久,裏面的分子會越小,因為它會繼續的發酵,分解。當分子越小的時候滲透力就越強,效果越佳。環保酵素不會過期,越久越醇。
切勿放置冰箱,低溫會降低酵素的活性。
6. 如果發現液體表面產生白色、黑色或棕色的漂浮物,不必理會,讓它繼續發酵。不同的環境,果菜會發酵出不同顏色的益菌,根據製作過程中如果發現蒼蠅卵,不必擔心,發酵過程會將它們分解掉,這也說明環保酵素不會對生物帶來危害。 有一些酵素,它上面會生一層白白的,像黴菌類,放心,那些都是細菌的屍體。
有一些人做好酵素之後放著,隔了很長的一段時間後,它忽然間就會開始生一層好像果凍的東西。 它是酵母酵素的「媽媽」,你可以把這一片拿出來,放在一個空罐上,然後加水放著,它本身就是酵素了。
7.如果一時無法收集足夠份量的鮮垃圾,可陸續加入鮮垃圾,3個月的期限,從最後一次加入當天算起。

Thursday, September 13, 2018

ethics, MPA

Ethics Education in the MPA Curriculum: What Difference Does It Make?
Carole L. Jurkiewicz and Kenneth L. Nichols
Journal of Public Affairs Education, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Apr., 2002), pp. 103-114

Journal of Public Affairs Education

Denhardt , Kathryn G . 1988 . Th e Ethics of Public Service: Resolving Moral Dilemmas in
Public Organizations . New York : Greenwood Press .


P-Rank: a publication ranking

a highly flexible publishing ranking tool. The point is to make it easier to present your promotion/tenure package in a bit more holistic way. That is, the tool allows for different journal lists, different time frame, different accounting for co-authors, regions etc.

The tool is now open for self-registration. All it needs is an ORCID account with public publications. So, you (or anyone else) may want to check it out you only need to register with ORCID and turning your ORCID listed pubs into public.

P-Rank: a publication ranking

P-Rank is a new service intended to increase visibility of researchers with notable publication output. You can find the tool on:https://ranking.telematique.eu/

P-Rank provides a publication ranking based on the weighted publication output per author. The weights are obtained from journal lists and the number of co-authors. It is possible to select your favourite journal list from various alternatives. Also, P-Rank allows to adjust the way in which co-authored publications are counted.

In order to better acknowledge the publication output of young scholars, P-Rank provides multiple versions of each ranking, where in each version only those articles which have been published since a particular year are considered. Similarly, P-Rank allows to restrict the ranking to certain regions and countries in order to acknowledge potential differences in the research environment.

The service is based on publication data from ORCID (https://orcid.org/) and it is easy to connect your ORCID record. If you already have all your publications visible in your ORCID record, your data may directly be recognised by the service and you only need to connect your ORCID iD in the author profile section (https://ranking.telematique.eu/index.html#profile). After connecting your ORCID iD, you can review the list of your publications. If some of your publications are missing in the list, please follow the instructions in the note below the list of publications.

Make sure your excellent work is recognised!

Questions, Comments, Suggestions? Contact ranking@telematique.eu.

Tuesday, September 11, 2018

Browning, D. L. (1987). Ego development, authoritarianism, and social status: An investigation of the incremental validity of Loevinger's Sentence Completion Test (Short Form). Journal
of Personality and Social Psychology, 53,113-118.

Hauser, S. T. (1978). Ego development and interpersonal style in adolescence. Journal of Youth andAdolescence, 7,333-352.

Helson, R., & Wink, P. (1987). Two conceptions of maturity examined and the findings of a longitudinal study. Journal of Personality andSocial Psychology, 53,531-541.

McCrae, R., & Costa, P. (1983). Psychological maturity and subjective well-being: Toward a new synthesis. Developmental Psychology, 19,243-248.

Rosznafsky, J. (1981). The relationship of level of ego development to Q-sort personality ratings. Journal of Personality andSocial Psychology, 41,99-120.

Vaillant, G. E., & McCullough, L. (1987). The Washington University Sentence Completion Test compared with other measures of adult ego development. American Journal of psychiatry, 144,
1189-1194.

White, M. R. (1985). Ego development in adult women. Journal of Personality, 53,561-574.

Adams, G. R., & Fitch, S. A. (1982). Ego stage and identity status development: A cross sequential analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43,574-583.

Ginsberg, S. D., & Orlofsky, J. L. (1981). Ego identity status, ego development, and locus of control in college females. Journal of Youth and adolescence, 10,297-307.

Snarey, J., Kohlberg, L., &Noam, G. G. (1983). Ego development in perspective: Structural stage, functional phase, and cultural age period models. Developmental Review, 3, 303-338.


Monday, September 10, 2018

Kegan, R. (1982). The evolving self: Problem and process in human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Kegan, R. (1994). In over our heads: The mental demands of modem life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Miller, M. & Cook-Greuter, S. (1994). From postconventional development to transcendence: Visions and theories. In M.E. Miller, & S.R. Cook-Greuter (Eds.), Transcendence and mature thought in
adulthood: The further reaches of adult development (pp. xv–xxxiv). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Intimacy motivation

McAdams, D.P. (1982). Intimacy motivation. In J.A. Stewart (Ed.), Motivation and society (pp. 133–171). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

McAdams, D.P. (1984). Scoring manual for the intimacy motive. Psychological Documents, 14, No. 2613.

McAdams, D.P., & Bryant, F.B. (1987). Intimacy motivation and subjective mental health in a nationwide sample. Journal of Personality, 55, 395–413.

McAdams, D.P., & Constantian, C.A. (1983). Intimacy and affiliation motives in daily living: An experience sampling analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 851–861.

McAdams, D.P., Healy, S., & Krause, S. (1984). Social motives and patterns of friendship. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47, 828–838.

McAdams, D.P., & Powers, J. (1981). Themes of intimacy in behavior and thought. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40, 573–587.

McAdams, D.P., Reutzel, K. & Foley, J.M. (1986). Complexity and generativity at mid-life: Relations among social motives, ego development, and adults’ plans for the future. Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology, 50, 800–807.

McAdams, D.P., & Vaillant, G.E. (1982). Intimacy motivation and psychosocial adjustment: A longitudinal study. Journal of Personality Assessment, 46, 586–593.

Loevinger, ego development

Hy, L.X., & Loevinger, J. (1996). Measuring ego development. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Loevinger, J. 1957, Objective tests as instruments of psychological theory. Psychological Reports, 3,
635-694.

Loevinger, J. 1966, The meaning and measurement of ego development. American Psychologist,  21,
195-206.

Marcia, J. E. 1966, Development and validation of ego-identity status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 551-558

Loevinger, J. 1969, Theories of ego development. In L. Breger (Ed.), Clinical-cognitive psychology:
Models and integrations. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall

Loevinger, J. and Wessler, R. (1970), Measuring Ego Development, Vol. 1: Construction and Use of a Sentence Completion Test, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA

Loevinger, J., Wessler, R., & Redmore, C. 1970, Measuring ego development 2: Scoring manual for women and girls. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1970.

Loevinger, J. 1972. Some limitations of objective personality tests. In J. N. Butcher (Ed.), Objective
personality assessment: Changing perspectives. New York: Academic Press

Loevinger, J. 1973. Ego development: Syllabus for a course. In B. Rubenstein (Ed.), Psychoanalysis
and contemporary science (Vol. 2). New York: Macmillan,

Redmore, C., & Waldman, J. 1975. Reliability of a sentence completion measure of ego development. Journal of Personality Assessment, 39, 236-243.

Schenkel, S. (1975). Relationship among ego identity status, field-independence, and traditional
femininity. J. Youth Adoles. 4: 73-82.

Loevinger, J. (1976). Ego development: Conceptions and theories. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Hauser, S. T. 1976, Loevinger's model and measure of ego development: A critical review I. Psychological Bulletin, 83, 928-955.

Martin, J., & Redmore, C. 1978, A longitudinal study of ego development. Developmental Psychology, 1978 14, 189-190.

Loevinger, J. (1979). Construct validity of the Sentence Completion Test of Ego Development. Applied Psychological Measurement, 3, 281–311.

Loevinger, J. (1979). Scientific ways in the study of ego development. Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Redmore, C.D., & Loevinger, J. (1979). Ego development in adolescence: Longitudinal studies. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 12, 301–306

Redmore, C., & Loevinger, J. (1979). Ego development in adolescence: Longitudinal studies. Journal of Youth and adolescence, 8, 1-20.

Holt, R. R. 1980, Loevinger's measure of ego development: Reliability and national norms for male and female short forms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,  39, 909-920.

McCrae, R., &Costa, P. (1980). Openness to experience and ego level in Loevinger's Sentence Completion Test: Dispositional contributions to models of personality. Journal of Personality and
Social Psychology, 39,1179-1190.

Rosznafsky, J. (1981). The relationship of level of ego development to Q-sort personality ratings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41,99-120.

McCrae, R., & Costa, P. (1983). Psychological maturity and subjective well-being: Toward a new synthesis. Developmental Psychology, 19,243-248.

Redmore, C.D. (1983). Ego development in the college years: Two longitudinal studies. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 12, 301–306.

Snarey, J., Kohlberg, L., &Noam, G. G. (1983). Ego development in perspective: Structural stage, functional phase, and cultural age period models. Developmental Review, 3, 303-338.

Stanett, R. H. (.1 983),. The conceptual communality between impulsiveness as a personality trait and as an ego development stage . Personality and individual Differences,4 ,265-274.

Loevinger, J. (1984). On the self and mediating behavior. In R.A. Zucker, J. Arnoff, & A.I. Robin (Eds.), Personality and the prediction of behavior (pp. 43–68). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.

Loevinger, J. (1985). Revision of the sentence completion test for ego development. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 420–427.

Loevinger, J., Cohn, L.D., Bonneville, L.P., Redmore, C.D., Streich, D.D., & Sargent, M. (1985). Ego development in college. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 947–962.

White, M. R. (1985). Ego development in adult women. Journal of Personality, 53,561-574.

Vaillant, G. E., & McCullough, L. (1987). The Washington University Sentence Completion Test compared with other measures of adult ego development. American Journal ofpsychiatry, 144,
1189-1194.

Hauser, S. T. (1993) Loevinger's Model and Measure of Ego Development: A Critical Review, I1


Sunday, September 09, 2018

Blatt, S. J. (1983). Narcissism and egocentrism as concepts in individual and cultural development. Psychoanalysis & Contemporary Thought, 6(2), 291-303.

Saturday, September 08, 2018

d’Aquili, E. G.,&Newberg, A. B. (1998). The neuropsychological basis of religion, or why God won’t go away. Zygon, 33, 187–202
Baker, W., & Dutton, J. E. (2007). Enabling Positive Social Capital in Organizations. In J. E. Dutton & B. R. Ragins (Eds.), LEA's organization and management series. Exploring positive relationships at work: Building a theoretical and research foundation (pp. 325-345). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Dutton, J. E., & Heaphy, E. D. (2003). The power of high-quality connections. Positive
Organizational Scholarship: Foundations of a New Discipline, 3, 263–278.

Friday, September 07, 2018

Maslow, A. (1969). The farther reaches of human nature. Journal of Transpersonal
Psychology, 1 (1), 1-9.
Maslow, A. (1971). The farther reaches of human nature. New York: The Viking
Press.

Washburn, M. (1988). The ego & the dynamic ground: A transpersonal theory of
human development. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press

Wilber, K. (1986). The Spectrum of development, the spectrum of psychopathology,
and treatment modalities. In K. Wilber, J. Engler, and D. Brown, (Eds.).
Transformations of consciousness: Conventional and contemplative perspectives
on development, (pp. 65-159). Boston: New Science Library.

Cowley, A.S. (1993). Transpersonal social work: A theory for the 1990s. Social
Work, 38(5), 527-53

Canda, E.R. (1991). East/West philosophical synthesis in transpersonal theory.
Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, Dec, 21-23.

Sands, R.G., & Nuccio, K. (1992). Postmodern feminist theory and social work.
Social Work, 37(6), 489-494.

Thursday, September 06, 2018

google data set search

https://toolbox.google.com/datasetsearch

datat set US
http://www.opendata500.com/us/

Google Cloud Public Datasets Program
BigQuery
Google 雲端公共資料集計畫(Google Cloud Public Datasets Program)在 2016 年時推出,與許多公共資料供應商合作,在 Google 雲端存放高價值和高需求的公共資料集副本,讓資料更易於使用和探索。目前 BigQuery 中託管了超過100個公共資料集,這些資料集內容遍佈各領域,包括美國地質調查局(USGS)的 Landsat 資料,也已經能在雲端儲存使用,使用者可以比過去更快速的存取大量的氣象衛星資料。

而 Google 也為這些公共資料集提供了實驗工具箱,讓使用者可以進行資料分析,也為那些想擴充自己資料集的人員和組織,提供了有用的儲存庫。用戶每個月可以免費查詢1TB的資料,而自從為公共資料集計畫啟動以來,BigQuery 已經提供了 95PB 的公共資料查詢。
https://www.ithome.com.tw/news/125690

Tuesday, September 04, 2018

formulate good research questions

Abbott, A. 2004. Methods of discovery: Heuristics for the social sciences. New York: Norton.

Astley, W. G. 1985. Administrative science as socially constructed truth. Administrative Science Quarterly, 30: 497–513.

Becker, H. S. 1998. Tricks of the trade: How to think about your research while doing it. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Davis, M. S. 1971. That’s interesting! Towards a phenomenology of sociology and a sociology of phenomenology. Philosophy of Social Sciences, 1: 309–344.

Davis, M. S. 1986. That’s classic! The phenomenology and rhetoric of successful social theories. Philosophy of Social Sciences, 16: 285–301.

Frost, P. J., & Stablein, R. E. 1992. Doing exemplary research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Locke, K., & Golden-Biddle, K. 1997. Constructing opportunities for contribution: Structuring intertextual coherence and “problematizing” in organizational studies. Academy of Management Journal, 40: 1023–1062

Mills, C. W. 1959. The sociological imagination. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Smith, K. G., & Hitt, M. A. (Eds.). 2005. Great minds in management: The process of developing theory. New York: Oxford University Press.

Starbuck, W. H. 2006. The production of knowledge: The challenge of social science research. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Van de Ven, A. H. 2007. Engaged scholarship. A guide for organizational and social research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Wicker, A. W. 1985. Getting out of our conceptual ruts. American Psychologist, 40: 1094–1103.


Austin, J. H. (2000). Consciousness evolves when the self dissolves. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 7(11-12), 209-230.

Sunday, September 02, 2018

David Graeber

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Graeber

Universal Basic Income

I, me, we, us.

I, me, we, us.

I, me, we, us. There are several grammatical errors that are actually committed more frequently by those who aspire to grammatical literacy than by those who just don’t know or care. These are individuals who, when as children, said to their parents “Me and Billy want to go out and play” were immediately corrected: “You should say that ‘Billy and I want to go out to play.’” Instead of inferring the correct rule—that the use of “I” and “me” does not change when these words appear in a
compound subject or object—these children simply learned that the word “me” is forbidden in compound phrases—even when the compound is used as direct or indirect object. Thus as adults, they now say (incorrectly) that “The family invited my brother and I to stay for the weekend.” That is, they scrupulously avoid the correct “The family invited my brother and me to stay for the weekend” even though their ear would immediately alert them to the fact that “They invited I to stay for the weekend” is incorrect and “They invited me to stay for the weekend” is correct. They make the same error in sentences in which the compound is the object of a preposition: “The host was very gracious to my sister and I.” Then there are some folks who are unsure of which is correct, so they avoid the decision by saying incorrectly “The host was very gracious to my sister and myself.” “ A similar error arises in the use of “we” and “us,” where “we” is treated as a good word and “us” a bad
word, leading to: “The war has had a negative effect on we Americans.” Again the ear would immediately catch the error if not for the extra word “American”: “The war has had a negative effect on we.”

Whoever versus. Whomever

Whoever versus. Whomever.

Even those who use “who” and “whom” correctly often have difficulties with “whoever” and “whomever” in sentences like “I plan to vote for [whoever/whomever] puts forth the best policies.” The rule is that the object of the preposition is the entire phrase “whoever puts forth the best policies,” and “whoever” is the correct choice here because it refers to the candidate “who puts forth the best policies.” In contrast, “whomever” is correct in “I will vote for whomever the party nominates,” because it refers to the person “whom the party nominates.”

While versus Although, But, Whereas

While versus Although, But, Whereas.

While means “at the same time” and in most cases cannot substitute for these other
words. Wrong: “While inferential statistics are important, descriptive statistics are the heart of your narrative.” Right: “Although inferential statistics are important, descriptive statistics are the heart of your narrative.” Or, “Inferential statistics are important, but descriptive statistics are the heart of your narrative.” Wrong: “While I like personality traits, Mischel prefers a social learning approach.” Right: “Whereas I like personality traits, Mischel prefers a social learning approach.” On the other
hand, the following usage is correct: “While I like personality traits, I find merit in Mischel’s social learning approach.” This can be seen by substituting “at the same time” for “while”: “I like personality traits; at the same time, I find merit in Mischel’s social learning approach.”

That versus Which.

That versus Which.

That clauses (called restrictive) are essential to the meaning of the sentence; which clauses (called
nonrestrictive) merely add additional information. The following example illustrates the correct use of both words: “Dissonance theory, which has received major attention, is one of the theories that postulates a motivational process. Thus, if a person holds two cognitions that are inconsistent...” Most which’s in journal writing are incorrect. You should go on a which hunt in your own manuscripts and turn most of them into that’s.

Since versus Because

Since versus Because.

Since means “after that.” It should not be used as a substitute for because if there is any ambiguity
of interpretation. Wrong (but at least not ambiguous): “Since the study of motivation is a high and hazardous undertaking, I wish fewer people would meddle with it.” Better: “Because the study of motivation is a high and hazardous undertaking, I wish fewer people would meddle with it.” Ambiguous: “Since I read Montaigne, I have been tempted to abandon the study of
motivation.” This last case is correct if the writer is using since in the temporal sense: “Ever since reading Montaigne, I have been tempted ...” It is incorrect if the writer means because.

Different from versus Different than

Different from versus Different than.

The first is correct, the second, incorrect (although, alas for us purists, very common
and gaining respectability).

The confusion arises because than correctly follows comparative adjectives. Thus you are
correct to suppose that life is more than psychology, that living a good life is harder in many respects than writing a good article, and that living well requires broader skills than does writing well. Just remember that life is different from psychology, that living a good life is different in many respects from writing a good article, and that living well requires skills different from those required for writing well

Saturday, September 01, 2018

一霎時把七情俱已昧盡,滲透了酸辛處淚濕衣襟。

我只道鐵富貴一生鑄定,又誰知人生數頃刻分明。

想當年我也曾撒嬌使性,到今朝那怕我不信前塵。

這也是老天爺一番教訓

他教我收余恨、免嬌嗔、且自新、改性情

休戀逝水、苦海回生、早悟蘭因

---鎖麟囊

顧正秋回憶錄---休戀逝水

interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary, transdisciplinar

"Multidisciplinarity draws on knowledge from different disciplines but stays within their boundaries. 
Multidisciplinary where more than one subject is dealt with like Nature is a multidisciplinary journals where research from different subjects is published in it.
 people from different disciplines working together, each drawing on their disciplinary knowledge.

Interdisciplinarity analyzes, synthesizes and harmonizes links between disciplines into a coordinated and coherent whole.
more than two disciplines to solve a problem
 integrating knowledge and methods from different disciplines, using a real synthesis of approaches.
by which we get understanding of other aspects which may be related to other discipline like chemistry of Biology or Technics of Biology generally biochemistry, biotech

Transdisciplinarity integrates the natural, social and health sciences in a humanities context, and transcends their traditional boundaries."
Transdisciplinary where people from different fields work together to get a new idea developed.
creating a unity of intellectual frameworks beyond the disciplinary perspectives..."

Crossdisciplinary: viewing one discipline from the perspective of another.


Clin Invest Med. 2006 Dec;29(6):351-64.
Multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity in health research, services, education and policy: 1. Definitions, objectives, and evidence of effectiveness.
Choi BC1, Pak AW.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17330451

http://www.arj.no/2012/03/12/disciplinarities-2/

theoretical contribution

What Theory is Not
Robert I. Sutton; Barry M. Staw
Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 40, No. 3. (Sep., 1995), pp. 371-384

Thursday, August 30, 2018


Regina F. Bento, (1994) "When the Show Must Go on: Disenfranchised Grief in Organizations", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 9 Issue: 6, pp.35-44, https://doi.org/10.1108/02683949410070197

Wednesday, August 29, 2018

Journal of Adult Development, 2001. Special issue on spirituality and adult development,
part I, 8 (4).

Journal of Adult Development, 2002. Special issue on spirituality and adult development,
parts II–III, 9 (1–2).

Journal of Management Inquiry, 2005. Special issue on spirituality and management,
14 (3).

Journal of Organizational Change Management, 1999. Spirituality in organizations,
parts I and II, 12 (3–4).

Journal of Organizational Change Management, 2003. The leading edge in research on
spirituality in organizations, 16 (4).

Bernard Lonergan

Learning to Be: Reflections on Bernard Lonergan’s Transcendental Philosophy of Education Towards an Integral Human Existance


http://www.metanexus.net/learning-be-reflections-bernard-lonergans-transcendental-philosophy-education-towards-integr-0/


spirituality education

Lips-Wiersma, M. (2004), “Furthering management and spirituality education through the use of
paradox”, Journal of Management Education, Vol. 28 No. 1, pp. 119-133.

Barnett, C., T. C. Krell, and J. Sendry. 1999. “Learning to Learn about Spirituality: A
Categorical Approach to Introducing the Topic into Management Courses.” Journal
of Management Education 24: 562–79.

Harlos, K. (2000). Toward a spiritual pedagogy: Meaning, practice, and applications in management education. Journal of Management Education, 24, 612–627

Bento, R. F. (2000). The little inn at the crossroads: A spiritual approach to the design of a leadership course. Journal of Management Education, 24, 650–661.

Learning and being: outcomes of a class on spirituality in work
JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT EDUCATION, Vol. 24 No. 5, October 2000 662-681

Cowley, A.S. (1993). Transpersonal social work: A theory for the 1990s. Social
Work, 38(5), 527-53

Cowley, A.S., & Derezotes, D. (1994). Transpersonal psychology and social work
education. Journal of Social Work Education, 30(1), 32-41.

Sheridan, M.J., Wilmer, C.M., and Atcheson, L. 1994. Inclusion of content on religion and
spirituality in the social work curriculum: a study of faculty views. Journal of Social Work
Education, 30 (3), 363–376.

Sheridan, M.J., Bullis, R.K., Adcock, C.R., Berlin, S.D., and Miller, P.C. 1992. Practitioners’
personal and professional attitudes and behaviors toward religion and spirituality: issues for
social work education and practice. Journal of Social Work Education, 28 (2), 190–203

Sheridan, M.J. and Amato-von Hemert, K. 1999. The role of religion and spirituality in social
work education and practice: a survey of student views and experiences. Journal of Social
Work Education, 35 (1), 125–141.

Haroutiounian, A,, Ghavam, S., Gomez, S., Ivshin, E.. Phelan, S.. Freshman. B., Griffin, M., and Lindsay, C. (2000) Learning and being: Outcomes of a class on spirituality in work, Journal of Management Education. 24(5).662-68 1.

Dehler, G.E. and Neal, J. (Eds) (2000), ``Special issue on spirituality in contemporary work: its
place, space, and role in management education'', Journal of Management Education, Vol. 6
No. 5.

Joan Marques, Satinder Kumar Dhiman, Jerry Biberman. 2014. Teaching the un-teachable: storytelling and meditation in workplace spirituality courses. Journal of Management Development 33:3, 196-217.

Schmidt-Wilk, J., Heaton, D.P., and Steingard, D. (2000) Higher education for higher
consciousness: Maharishi University of management as a model for spirituality in management education, Journal ofManagement Education, 24(5), 580-611

Neal, J.A. (1997) Spirituality in management education: A guide to resources, Journal
ofManagement Education, 21(1),121-139.

Marcie, D. (2000) God, faith, and management education, Journal ofManagement
Education, 24(5), 628-649

Harlos, K.P. (2000) Toward spiritual pedagogy: Meaning, practice, and applications in
management education, Journal ofManagement Education, 24(5), 612-627.

Pielstick, C. (2005) Teaching spiritual synchronicity in a business leadership class.
Journal ofManagement Education, 29, 153-168.

Haroutiounian, A., Ghavam, S., Gomez, S., Ivshin, E., Phelan, S., Freshman, B., Griffin, M. and Lindsay, C. (2000) Learning and being: Outcomes of a class on spirituality in work. Journal ofManagement Education, 24, 662-681.

Driscoll, C. and Wiebe, E., 2007. Technical spirituality at work: Jacques Ellul on workplace spirituality. Journal of Management Inquiry, 16, 333–348.

Levy, R. (2000). My experience as participant in the course on spirituality for executive leadership. Journal of Management, Inquiry, 9(2), 129–131.

Gordon Dehler, Judi Neal (2000) Spirituality in Contemporary Work: Its Place, Space, and Role in Management Education, JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT EDUCATION, Vol. 24 No. 5, October 2000 536-539 THE GUEST EDITORS’ CORNER,

Tolliver, D. and Tisdell, E., 2006. Engaging spirituality in the transformative higher
education classroom. New directions for adult and continuing education, 109,
37–47.

Shahjahan, R., 2005. Spirituality in the academy: reclaiming from the margins and
evoking a transformative way of knowing the world. International journal of qualitative
studies in education, 18 (6), 685–711.

Shahjahan, R., 2004. Centering spirituality in the academy: toward a transformative
way of teaching and learning. Journal of transformative education, 2 (4), 294–312.

Rogers, J. and Dantley, M., 2001. Invoking the spiritual in campus life and leadership.
Journal of college student development, 42 (6), 589–603.

Poe, H., 2005. Issues related to spirituality and the search for truth in sectarian institutions
of higher education. New directions for teaching and learning, 104, 59–66.

Murphy, C., 2005. The academy, spirituality, and the search for truth. New directions
for teaching and learning, 104, 23–29.

Gray, J., Garner, L., Snow, D. and Wright, K., 2004. Spiritual perspective and needs: a
comparative study of nursing faculty in a Christian university and a state university.
Christian higher education, 3, 61–77

Duerr, M., Zajonc, A. and Dana, D., 2003. Survey of transformative and spiritual
dimensions of higher education. Journal of transformative education, 1 (3), 177–211.

Coburn, T., 2005. Secularism and spirituality in today’s academy. A heuristic model.
Liberal education, 91 (3), 58–61.

Bryant, A. and Craft, C., 2010. The challenge and promise of pluralism: dimensions
of spiritual climate and diversity at a Lutheran college. Christian higher education,
9, 396–422.

Astin, A., 2004. Why spirituality deserves a central place in liberal education. Liberal
education, 34–41

Giacalone, R.A. and Thompson, K.R., 2006. Business ethics and social responsibility
education: shifting the worldview. Academy of Management Learning and Education,
5 (3), 266–277.

Giacolone, R.A., 2004. A transcendent business education for the 21st century. Academy
of Management Learning and Education, 3 (4), 415–420.

Barnett, C.K., Krell, T.C. and Sendry, J. (2000), “Learning to learn about spirituality: a categorical
approach to introducing the topic into management courses”, Journal of Management
Education, Vol. 24 No. 5, pp. 562-579.

Bento, R.F. (2000), “The little inn at the crossroads: a spiritual approach to the design of a
leadership course”, Journal of Management Education, Vol. 24 No. 5, pp. 650-661.

Daniels, D., Franz, R.S. and Wong, K. (2000), “A classroom with a worldview: making spiritual
assumptions explicit in management education”, Journal of Management Education,
Vol. 24 No. 5, pp. 540-561.

Grzeda, M. and Assogbavi, T. (2011), “Spirituality in management education and development:
toward an authentic transformation”, The Journal of American Academy of Business,
Cambridge, Vol. 16 No. 2, pp. 238-244.

Harlos, K. (2000), “Toward a spiritual pedagogy: meaning, practice, and applications in
management education”, Journal of Management Education, Vol. 24 No. 5, pp. 612-627.

Haroutiounian, H., Ghavam, S., Gomez, S., Ivshin, E., Phelan, S., Freshman, B., Griffin, M. and
Lindsay, C. (2000), “Learning and being: outcomes of a class on spirituality in work”,
Journal of Management Education, Vol. 24 No. 5, pp. 662-681.

Klenke, K. (2003), “The ‘S’ factor in leadership education, practice, and research”, Journal of
Education for Business, Vol. 79 No. 1, pp. 56-60.

Levy, R.B. (2000), “My experience as participant in the course on spirituality for executive
leadership [Commentaries]”, Journal of Management Inquiry, Vol. 9 No. 2, pp. 129-131.

Marcic, D. (2000), “God, faith, and management education”, Journal of Management Education,
Vol. 24 No. 5, pp. 628-649.

Pielstick, D.C. (2005), “Teaching spiritual synchronicity in a business leadership class”, Journal of
Management Education, Vol. 29 No. 1, pp. 153-168.

Porr, D. (2010), “Toward more inclusive leadership pedagogy: expanding the management versus
leadership comparison”, International Journal Of Learning, Vol. 17 No. 5, pp. 133-141.

Williams, P. and Allen, S. (2014), “Faculty perspectives on the inclusion of spirituality topics in
nonsectarian leadership and management education programs”, International Journal of
Management Education, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 293-303.

Graduate leadership students’ perspective on including spiritual topics
Stuart Allen and Peter Williams
International Journal of Organizational Analysis, Vol. 23 No. 1, 2015
pp. 142-153

spirituality journals

  • Journal of management and organization
  • Journal for the Study of Spirituality
  • Journal of Organizational Change Management
  • Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion
  • Journal of Management, Spirituality, and Religion
  • Journal of Psychology and Theology
  • Review of Religious Research
  • Human Relations
  • Journal of Managerial Psychology
  • Social Thought
  • Journal of Business Ethics
  • J. of Management Development
  • J. of Management Inquiry
  • Public Administration Review
  • International Studies of Management and Organization
  • J. of Organizational Change
  • Business Ethics Quarterly
  • Journal of Psychology and Theology
  • Leadership & Organization Development Journal (transcendental leadership, spirituality, OCB)


@Foundations, lessons, and insider tips for MSR research

Weick, K.E. (1998) Improvisation as a mindset for organizational analysis,
Organization Science, 9(5), 543-555.

Weick, K.E. and Roberts, K.H. (1993) Collective mind in organizations: heedful
interrelating on flight deck, Administrative Science Quarterly, 38, 357-
381.

Sunday, August 26, 2018

Maslow, A. A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 1943, 50, 370–96.

Maslow, A. Eupsychian management: A journal. Homewood, IL: Irwin and Dorsey Press,
1965.

Maslow, A. Religion, values and peak experiences. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970.

Maslow, A. The farther reaches of human nature. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1971.

斷食

http://relativehumanity.tieus.com/Fasting.htm

堅果發芽

发芽坚果。就是将坚果泡水一晚上催发芽,滤去水,盖上湿布、经常浇水,再发芽两天,然后彻底洗干净,这时候坚果中保护自己的毒素和不利人体消化的物质都大部分去除了,再用烤箱最低温度烤干就可以吃了

Saturday, August 25, 2018

中醫是三餐, 所以很注重溫度
一天吃三餐體溫會下降,下降容易生病,所以中醫說入口的食物要溫暖,是盡量讓身體保持一定的溫度,

重點就是體溫,空腹時體溫會升高,食氣、少食體溫都會升高。

體溫高36.5會產生免疫力跟自癒力

吃甜容易上癮對身體也不好,如:西瓜、香蕉、芒果……
吃水果選不甜的,柑橘類、蘋果、奇異果、草莓


夫妻一週僅吃3次, 不進食達9年,稱呼吸能獲得宇宙能量

https://www.ettoday.net/news/20170618/947803.htm

Thursday, August 23, 2018

Wilber, K. (1993), The Spectrum of Consciousness, 2nd ed., Quest Books, Wheaton, IL, USA.

Wilber, K. (1996), A Brief History of Everything, Gill & Macmillan, Dublin.
Olden P.C. (2008) Spirituality in Health Care Organizations. In: Biberman J., Tischler L. (eds) Spirituality in Business. Palgrave Macmillan, New York
Tsoukas, H. (1998). Introduction: Chaos, Complexity and Organization Theory. Organization, 5(3), 291-313. doi: 10.1177/135050849853001
Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Building Theories from Case Study Research. Academy of Management Review, 14(4), 532-550.

Wednesday, August 22, 2018

Mackey, A., Mackey, T. 8., and Bamey, J. B. (2007, July).
Corporates social responsibility and firm performance[:n -
investor preferences and corporate structures. academy of
Managemen Review3,2 (3),8 I 7-835.
L6pez,M . V., GarciaA, ., andR odriguez,L.( 2007,O ctober).
Sustainable development and corporate performance :A
study based on the Dow Jones Sustainability Index. Journal
of Business Ethics,7 5 ( 3), 285-300
Holder-Webb,. , CohenJ, .R ., Nath,L ., and Wood,D . (2008,
February). The supply of corporate social responsibility
disclosures among U.S.firmss. Journal of BusinessE thics,
8 4(4),4 97-52
Murphy, E. F. Jr., Gordon, J. D., and Mullen, A. (2004). A
preliminary study exploring the value changes taking place
in.the US since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on
theVorld Trade Center in New York. Journal of Business
Ethics,50 (l),81-96.
Riggs, F. W.: 1998, ‘Public Administration in
America: Why Our Uniqueness is Exceptional and
Important’, Public Administration Review 58, 22–31
Pfeffer, J. and J. F. Vega: 1999, ‘Putting People
First for Organizational Success’, The Academy of
Management Executive 13(2), 37–45.
Neck, C. P. and J. F Milliman: 1994, ‘Thought
Self-leadership: Finding Spiritual Fulfillment in
Organizational Life’, Journal of Managerial Psychology
9, 9–16.
Mirvis, P.: 1997, ‘Soul Work in Organizations’, Organization Science 8, 193–206.
Koehn, D.: 1999, ‘What Can Eastern Philosophy Teach Us About Business Ethics?’, Journal of
Business Ethics 19(1), 71–80.
Jurkiewicz, C. L. and K. L. Nichols: 2002, ‘Ethics Education in the MPA Curriculum: What
Difference Does it Make?’, Journal of Public Affairs Education 8, 103–114.
Cash, K. C., G. R. Gray and S. A. Rood: 2000, ‘A
Framework for Accommodating Religion and
Spirituality in the Workplace’, The Academy of
Management Executive 14, 124–134.

Cavanagh, G. F.: 1999, ‘Spirituality for Managers:
Context and Critique’, Journal of Organizational
Change Management 12, 186–199.

Dehler, G. E. and M. A. Welsh: 1994, ‘Spirituality
and Organizational Transformation: Implications
for the New Management Paradigm’, Journal of
Managerial Psychology 9, 17–26.

DiPadova, L. N.: 1998, ‘The Paradox of Spiritual
Management: Cultivating Individual and
Community Leadership in the Dilbert Age’, Journal
of Management Systems 10, 31–46.

Emmons, R. A.: 2000, ‘Is Spirituality an Intelligence?
Motivation, Vognition, and the Psychology of
Ultimate Voncern’, The International Journal for the
Psychology of Religion 10, 3–26.


This restaurant takeout service swaps styrofoam for sustainable

Tuesday, August 21, 2018

Wade-Benzoni, K. A. (2002). A golden rule over time: Reciprocity in intergenerational allocation decisions. Academy of Management Journal, 45, 1011–1028.

Wade-Benzoni, K. A., Hernandez, M., Medvec, V., & Messick, D. (2008). In fairness to future generations: The role of egocentrism, uncertainty, power, and stewardship in judgments of intergenerational allocations. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 233–245.

Wade-Benzoni, K. A., Sondak, H., & Galinsky, A. D. (2010). Leaving a legacy: Intergenerational allocations of benefits and burdens. Business Ethics Quarterly, 20(1), 7–34

life course theory

Settersten, R. A., & Mayer, K. U. (1997). The measurement of age, age structuring, and the life course. Annual Review of Sociology, 23, 233–261.
Nash, L. (1978). Concepts of existence: Greek origins of generational thought. Daedalus, 107(4), 1–21.

Saturday, August 18, 2018

writing date

When writing dates, a comma is placed between two words or between two numbers, but not between a word and a number. Review the following examples to understand punctuation with dates. This rule applies mainly to American and Canadian English.

 In British and Australian English, dates are usually written in a style that does not require a comma.

Correct The conference starts on Tuesday, July 23.
Correct My favorite vacation was in August 2007.
Correct On July 20, 1969, a man first stepped on the moon.
British/Australian: The opening ceremony was held on 27 July 2012.

Viral sensation Flossie Lewis is still a spectacular teacher at 94

Friday, August 17, 2018

Stolzenberg, R. M., Blair-Loy, M., & Waite, L. J. (1995). Religious participation in
early adulthood: Age and family life cycle effects on church membership. American
Sociological Review, 60, 84–103.

Sheerkat, D. E. (1998). Counterculture or continuity? Competing influences on baby
boomers’ religious orientations and participation. Social Forces, 76(3), 1087–1115.

Blazer, D., & Palmore, E. (1976). Religion and aging in a longitudinal panel.
Gerontologist, 16, 82–85.

Markides, K. S., Levin, J. S., & Ray, L. (1987). Religion, aging, and life satisfaction:
An eight-year, three-wave longitudinal study. Gerontologist, 27, 660–665.

Meddin, J. R. (1998). Dimensions of spiritual meaning and well-being in the lives of
ten older Australians. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 47(3),
163–175

Fowler, J. W., & Keen, S. (1978). Life maps: Conversations on the journey of faith.
Waco, TX: Word Books.

the Great Awakening

Lambert, Frank. “‘Pedlar in Divinity’: George Whitefield
and the Great Awakening, 1737-1745.” The Journal of
American History, December 1990,812-37.


Japan Religion

Hardacre, Helen. Shiuto and the State, 1868-1988. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1989.

McFarland. H. Neill. The Rush Hour of the Gods: A Study of New Religious Movements in J&an. New York Macmillan, 1967.

Nakano, Tsuyoshi. “The American Occupation and Reform of Japan’s Religious System: A Few Notes on the Secularization Process in Postwar Japan.” The Journal of Oriental Studies, 26(1), 1987, 124-38.

Europe religion

Hale, Frederick. “The Development of Religious Freedom in Norway.” Journal of Church and State, Winter 1981,4748.

Hamberg, Eva M. “On Stability and Change in Religious Beliefs, Practice, and Attitudes: A Swedish Panel Study.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, March 1991,63-80.

Hamberg, Eva M., and Thorleif Pettersson. “The Religious Market: Denominational Competition and Religious Participation in Contemporary Sweden.” Journal for the Scientific Study Of Religion, September 1994,205-16

Stark, Rodney, and Laurence R. Iannaccone. “A Supply-side Reinterpretation of the ‘Secularization’ of Europe.” Journal for the Scientific Study of religion, September 1994,230-52.

immigrant and religion, supply-side

IANNACCONE, L. R., FINKE, R., & STARK, R. (1997). DEREGULATING RELIGION: THE ECONOMICS OF CHURCH AND STATE. Economic Inquiry, 35(2), 350-364. doi: doi:10.1111/j.1465-7295.1997.tb01915.x

FINKE, R., & IANNACCONE, L. R. (1993). Supply-Side Explanations for Religious Change. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 527(1), 27-39. doi: 10.1177/0002716293527001003
America’s exceptionally high levels of church attendance and Sweden’s exceptionally low levels stem from the former country’s competitive religious market and the latter’s state-sponsored religious monopoly.

US religion deregulation
IANNACCONE, L. R., FINKE, R., & STARK, R. (1997). DEREGULATING RELIGION: THE ECONOMICS OF CHURCH AND STATE. Economic Inquiry, 35(2), 350-364. doi: doi:10.1111/j.1465-7295.1997.tb01915.x

Japan’s postwar shift to a free religious market led to an explosion of new religions
Japan religion
IANNACCONE, L. R., FINKE, R., & STARK, R. (1997). DEREGULATING RELIGION: THE ECONOMICS OF CHURCH AND STATE. Economic Inquiry, 35(2), 350-364. doi: doi:10.1111/j.1465-7295.1997.tb01915.x

Remembering Aretha Franklin, the soulful voice of our time

The economic principle that powers this kidney donor market

Thursday, August 16, 2018

lannaccone, Laurence R. 1989 "Religious practice: A human capital approach." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 29:297-314.
只要用自己的力量站著,沒有什麼是你無法承擔的。
沒有任何限制一任何事都有可能。完全在於你願意相信多少。一高我
凱史科技
甘斯
等離子

植物的逆襲:所謂的健康蔬果其實是文明病的真正禍首

不只動物,其實植物也是不願意被吃掉的,尤其是植物的寶寶-種子。很多我們以前以為健康的食物都含有大量的毒素 - 凝集素。

凝集素是一種毒性極強的毒素,它不僅存在於穀物,也常見於許多人們以為是健康的食物中,包括:多種水果、蕃茄、南瓜、堅果、豆類、傳統乳製品、小麥草……等。這些常見健康蔬果類的種子、穀物、表皮、硬殼和葉子裡的蛋白質,本來是設計來保護植物不受動物(包括人類)的傷害,一旦被動物吃下肚,就會累積於體內,漸漸對腸道造成破壞、阻斷荷爾蒙運輸,最後導致過敏、腸躁症、關節炎、心血管疾病等多種慢性病。

凝集素在身體累積過多,就會造成目前已知的大量文明病:
例如: 胃酸逆流、過敏、雄性秃、圓形秃、老人斑、癌症、關節炎、氣喘、自體免疫疾病、失智症、糖尿病、易怒、慢性疲勞、偏頭痛、皮膚病、不孕症、心血管疾病、肥胖...等等,沒錯,幾乎是所有的疾病了!

含凝集素的食物:

所有五穀類及豆類====米、玉米、黃豆、尤其是小麥大麥的凝集素危害最大,經高溫高壓仍無法破壞其凝集素。

生酮飲食和斷食會有效,就在於停止吃上述五穀及豆類,避開了大部份凝集素 -> 身體自癒能力變強。

所有茄科植物 - 茄子、蕃茄、小黃瓜、枸杞、節瓜、辣椒、彩椒... 等

堅果 - 南瓜子、葵花子、花生、腰果、奇牙子。

水果 - 甜瓜

所有吃五穀類及豆類的動物 - 雞、豬、牛、羊

雞以前是吃蟲的好嗎!牛羊是吃草的,現在都用玉米黃豆來養肥
Wuthnow (1987) argues that religious or other ideological movements are likely to flourish under conditions of environmental uncertainties and disruptions in the social order

Wuthnow, R. (1987). Meaning and Moral Order, Univ. of California Press, Berkeley
Stark R, Iannaccone LR. 1994. A supply-side reinterpretation of the 'secularization' of Eu- rope. J. Sci. Study Relig. 33:230-52

Wednesday, August 15, 2018

A Cultural Sociology of Religion: New Directions
Penny Edgell
Annual Review of Sociology
2012. 38:247–65

How AI can save our humanity | Kai-Fu Lee





Better quality

https://www.ted.com/talks/kai_fu_lee_how_ai_can_save_our_humanity/discussion


Kosmin, Barry A., and Seymour P. Lachman. 1993. One Nation under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society. New York: Crown.

Lipset, Seymour Martin. 1996. American Exceptionalism. New York: Norton.

Wills, Garry. 1990. Under God: Religion and American Politics. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Putnam, Robert D. and David E. Campbell. 2010. American Grace: How Religion Divides and
Unites Us. New York: Simon and Schuster.

two aftershocks — the
Christian backlash against open sexuality,
epitomized by abortion politics (Greeley
and Hout 2006), and the growing acceptance
of homosexuality since the 1990s (Loftus
2001) — as major influences on views
of organized religion among people who
came of age since the 1960s. They argued
(pp. 92–96) that the culture shock and its
aftershocks pushed younger people away
from organized religion at the same time
it pushed older people toward evangelical
Protestantism.
Lipset, Seymour Martin 1996. American Exceptionalism: A Double-Edged Sword. New York:
W.W. Norton

Tuesday, August 14, 2018

Schuman, H., Belli, R. F., & Bischoping, K. (1997). The generational basis of historical knowledge. In J. W. Pennebaker, D. Paez, & B. Rimé (Eds.), Collective memory of political events: Social psychological perspectives (pp. 47-77). Hillsdale, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Wilson, Bryan R. 1982. Religion in Sociological Perspective. Oxford, UK: Oxford
University Press.

辟穀生活, 禁食, 斷食

https://sites.google.com/site/pigushenghuo000/

http://inedia.info/

http://inedia.info/zhongwen/

http://www.angelfire.com/stars3/breathe_light/

https://www.chi-enterprise.de/

http://www.solarhealing.com/

https://www.jasmuheen.com/

http://www.longevitywatch.com/


傳統土耕、科技水耕哪種好

科技種菜與土耕種植各有利弊,如地瓜、花生等根莖植物目前技術尚未能以水耕種植,而植物的成長營養來源,是光、水、氮肥及礦物質,光與氮肥都可以在科技種菜中進行、添加,這個最主要的差別在於礦物質的種類,礦物質在土壤中比較豐富,水耕額外添加養殖添加劑才能完全取代土壤中的礦物質,丁大芳指出,對葉菜類需求高又負擔得起的消費者,水耕蔬菜是可以選擇的。

從耕種成本來看,土耕要人力成本、種植期間效長、變動成本比較高,科技種菜的話,添加物、室內建構等固定成本比較高,但可以透過光照控制來加速作物成長,因此,要視個別需求判斷單價高低,如:室內空間、預算、人力時間來評估科技種菜的可行性,但是,若菜價有大幅波動時,如:颱風等,價格的高低,消費者還是得精打細算。

植物所需的必要養分要素計有碳、氫、氧、氮、磷、鉀、硫、鈣、鎂、鐵…等16種,其中碳、氫、氧主要來自於空氣和水,而其他13種營養要素絕大部分來自於土壤,此外,植物不論是土耕或水耕有加氮肥,這會產生硝酸鹽,如果攝取太多硝酸鹽會有腎臟的問題,而土壤中因為有共生菌來降低硝酸鹽,但水耕方式沒有共生菌,恐怕會讓硝酸鹽持續存在蔬菜中,目前科技種菜是可以加強光照來降低硝酸鹽,若要低於一定限額,如1,000ppm,尚待加強。

水耕蔬菜若額外添加化學肥料,那麼就不屬於有機蔬菜,換句話說,水耕蔬菜的營養為添加,並只有特定的10幾種化學成份,並無法提供有機酸、腐質酸、胺基酸、磷脂類、生長素、維生素等特殊的營養成份。

蔬菜本身含胡蘿蔔素、維他命C、E等成分,扮演阻斷亞硝酸鹽轉換成亞硝基化合物等有害或致癌物質的功能,同時能將亞硝酸鹽還原為對人體無害的一氧化氮,丁大芳營養師建議,應攝取多種類蔬菜及水果,不分水耕、土耕,若食用有水耕蔬菜,更應食用高含量類胡蘿蔔素的胡蘿蔔,番茄,芒果,南瓜,深綠蔬菜






Stark, Rodney and Laurence R. Iannaccone 1994 "A Supply-Side Reinterpretation of the 'Secularization' of Europe." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 33:230-252.
Smith, Tom W. 1990 "Classifying Protestant Denominations." Review of Religious Research 31:225-245
Hanegraaff, W. J. New Age Religion and Western Culture: Esotericism in the Mirror of Secular Thought. Leiden, New York, Cologne: University of New York Press, 1996

Monday, August 13, 2018

Millennial

Howe and Strauss’ Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation (2000)

Howe and Strauss’ characterization of this generation as confident, achieving, and accepting of authority has been widely criticized for reaching overly optimistic conclusions based on a small sample and anecdotal evidence (Hoover, 2009).

Twenge’s Generation Me: Why Today’s Young Americans Are More Confident, Assertive, Entitled—and More Miserable Than Ever Before (2006).

Twenge’s characterization of Millennials as narcissistic, anxiety-ridden job hoppers who have difficulty taking criticism (see also Twenge, 2008; Twenge, Campbell, Hoffman, & Lance, 2010) has been widely criticized for using outdated scales and improper statistical techniques and overemphasizing statistical significance (Hoover, 2009; see also, for example, Hafdahl & Gray-Little, 2002; Trzesniewski & Donnellan, 2009).

Sunday, August 12, 2018

secularization theories

Continued social differentiation
Social differentiation, defined as the
loss of religion’s influence due to the increasing autonomy of the various spheres of social life—economic activity, education, health, politics, religion, and so on—remains a core tenet of modernization theory (Casanova 1994; Martin 2005; Wilson 1998).

Casanova, Jose. 1994. Public Religions in the Modern World. Chicago: University of Chicago
Press

Martin, David. 2005. On Secularization towards a Revised General Theory. Burlington: Ashgate.

Wilson, Bryan. 1998. “The Secularization Thesis: Criticisms and Rebuttals.” In Secularization
and Social Integration: Papers in Honour of Karek Dobbelaere, edited by R. Laermans, B.
WilsonJ. Billiet. 45–66, Leuven: Leuven University Press.

Rising “individualism.” 
The arrival of the values of individualism in the modern world is an important subtheme to modernization theory (Bruce 2002; Martin 2005). Recently, newer theories related to the rise of expressive individualism and “postmaterialist” culture since the 1960s have been advanced and documented empirically in Canada and elsewhere (Adams 2004; Inglehart and Welzel 2005).

Bruce, Steve. 2002. God Is Dead. Malden: Blackwell Publishing

Adams, Michael. 2004. Fire and Ice: The United States, Canada and the Myth of Converging
Values. Toronto: Penguin.

Inglehart, Ronald, and Christian Welzel. 2005. Modernization, Cultural Change, and
Democracy: The Human Development Sequence. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Rationalization and the rise of science.
Max Weber wrote of the disenchantment (entzauberung) of modern life as individuals were
increasingly enclosed in an “iron cage” of rationality and growing bureaucracy (Weber [1930] 1992). For Berger, rationalization was a “decisive variable” in secularization processes (Berger 1967:133).
BryanWilson spoke of changes in the “character of knowledge” with shifts to “empirical investigation and scientific discovery” which, along with increasing rationality in the workplace and shifts in political authority away from the need for religious legitimation were understood by him as the three core elements of secularization (Wilson 1998:50).

Weber, Max. [1930] 1992. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York:
Routledge.

Berger, Peter L. 1967. The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion.
New York: Anchor Books.


Religious pluralism.
The pluralism thesis, famously advanced by Peter Berger, is considered to be an important connecting link between modernization theory and secularization. As Berger put it then: “The phenomenon called pluralism is a social-structural correlate of the secularization of consciousness” (Berger 1967:128). What happens when more than one religious system claims to have the final explanation for the human condition, asked Berger? His answer was that both systems lose legitimacy in a “crisis of credibility”(Berger 1967:127) as each competes for exclusive access to the “truth.” Berger also maintained that any ideological view or value system (such as individualism) might also rival religious worldviews in “the business of defining the world” (Berger 1967:137) and that religious monopolies such as those in Europe were particularly vulnerable to the effects of pluralism.

Deprivation–compensation theory. 
An important contribution to deprivation–compensation theory has been offered by Norris and
Inglehart (2004). On this account, the “existential security” enjoyed by affluent, postindustrial societies produces decreased vulnerability to the psychological impact of mortal events—famines, floods, wars, poverty, and disease—and hence to a reduced dependency on the security that religion affords. In developed societies, social groups who are more vulnerable to the “risks and dangers” of life-threatening events may rely to a greater degree on religion since it enables “people to shut out anxiety and focus on coping with their immediate problems” (Norris and Inglehart 2004:19).

Norris, Pippa, and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide.
New York: Cambridge University Press

Postmodern effects.
Postmodern theorists share a “skepticism about the possibility of truth, reason and moral universals” and about Enlightenment narratives of progress in general (Rosenau 1992:23). The latter includes skepticism about science and its role. The general hypothesis is that a postmodern attitude of general skepticism and “lack of final answers” has become a mainstream phenomenon, spreading from academic life to public consciousness. Lyon (2000) maintains that traditional secularization theory misses the radically transformed nature of our postmodern world, a position which secularization theorists naturally challenge (see, for example, Bruce [2002:229] and Wilson [1998:47]).

Rosenau, Pauline Marie. 1992. Post-Modernism and the Social Sciences: Insights, Inroads, and
Intrusions. Princeton: Princeton University Press

Lyon, David. 2000. Jesus in Disneyland: Religion in Postmodern Times. Cambridge: Polity Press

Supply-side theory.
Supply-side theorists contend that the vitality of a society’s religious institutions is a function of the vitality and relevance of the religious “firms” catering to its religious marketplace (Stark and Finke 2000).

Stark, Rodney, and Roger Finke. 2000. Acts of Faith: Explaining the Human Side of Religion.
Berkeley: University of California Pres