Wednesday, April 23, 2014

講真話、做實事、有貢獻

Tuesday, April 22, 2014

Tools of Government

Salamon, Lester, ed. 2002. The Tools of Government: A Guide to the New Governance. New York: Oxford University Press.
abundant collaborative mechanisms available, that their use varies across cities based on structural and administrative considerations and economic and political imperatives, and, finally, that there is a wide variety of collaborative arrangements in practice. Agranoff

cooperation has an additional dimension of helpfulness and the absence of hostility
it is fear behind self defense

In Taiwan, No News Isn't Good News

http://www.forbes.com/sites/ralphjennings/2014/04/21/in-taiwan-no-news-isnt-good-news/

It is very noisy in Taiwan.......

An Qui Tam Law Survival Guide for Employment Lawyers

http://apps.americanbar.org/labor/annualconference/2007/materials/data/papers/v2/054.pdf

Congress Strengthens Whistleblower Protections for Federal Employees

http://www.americanbar.org/content/newsletter/groups/labor_law/ll_flash/1212_abalel_flash/lel_flash12_2012spec.html

ABA/BNA Lawyers' Manual on Professional Conduct

http://www.bna.com/lawyers-professional-conduct-p5995/

Carroll v. California, (E.D. Cal. Aug. 19, 2013)

http://www2.bloomberglaw.com/public/desktop/document/Carroll_v_California_No_213cv00249KJMKJN_2013_BL_219110_ED_Cal_Au
there is “a higher interest at play” to assure the public that draft legislation is properly reviewed in line with what the legislation requires.
assessing the adequacy of the department’s legislation vetting practices
how fragile democracy is and how much it needs care and tending

How vulnerable it is to opaque, legally ambiguous legislative processes — or the stifling of dissent.
書到用時, 方恨少
not only you
when people make decision which might affect their life significantly, they would feel it is hard to make a decision
日久見人性
愛久見人心

【被出賣的台灣】Taiwan betrayed

Monday, April 21, 2014

21 best donut shops in America

http://www.thrillist.com/eat/nation/best-donuts-in-america-best-donut-shops-in-america

why i dropped out the PhD program?

http://moneynomad.com/why-i-dropped-out-of-the-phd-program/

California government lawyers aren't barred from bringing whistle-blower claim

http://www.bna.com/california-state-lawyer-n17179876995/

Qui Tam Lawsuit

http://www.hershlaw.com/lawyer-attorney-1426030.html

http://www.phillipsandcohen.com/Qui-Tam-Whistleblowers/Qui-Tam-Explained.shtml

Edgar Schmidt sued his own ministry over its process for vetting legislation, exposing the ethical conundrums that government lawyers face

http://www.nationalmagazine.ca/Articles/November/The-whistleblower.aspx

Government lawyer blows the whistle

http://www.thestar.com/opinion/editorials/2013/01/19/government_lawyer_edgar_schmidt_courageously_blows_the_whistle_editorial.html

Saturday, April 19, 2014

OECD, Paris

http://www.oecd.org/#

Taiwan's Economic Development

http://www.moeasmea.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=72&CtNode=263&mp=2

Food for thought

ask how he relaxes, he replies: "I read a lot and like arguing with people"

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2001/mar/31/society.politics

Amartya Sen: A Life Re-examined

The Political Economy of Industrial Policy

Industrial Policy and Development: The Political Economy of Capabilities Accumulation

Industrial Policy and Development: The Political Economy of Capabilities Accumulation by Mario Cimoli, Giovanni Dosi and Joseph E. Stiglitz

Published By: Initiative for Policy Dialogue Series. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 978-0-19-923526-1, cloth; 978-0-19-923527-8, pbk.
Date of Publication: 2009

industrial policy

http://www.enterprise-development.org/page/industrial-policy

Industrial Policy and East Asia

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.24.3820&rep=rep1&type=pdf
The Political Economy of Industrial Policy in China:
The Case of Aircraft Manufacturing

http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/40165/wp779.pdf?sequence=3
it is ok
the reality is accepted and respected
reality is truth
truth is reality

進口替代戰略(Import substitution strategy)

http://wiki.mbalib.com/zh-tw/%E8%BF%9B%E5%8F%A3%E6%9B%BF%E4%BB%A3%E6%88%98%E7%95%A5

本國產品來替代進口品,或者說,通過限制工業製成品的進口來促進本國工業化的戰略。

進口替代一般要經過兩個階段。第一個階段,先建立和發展一批最終消費品工業,如食品服裝、家電製造業以及相關紡織、皮革、木材工業等,以求用國內生產的消費品替代進口品,當國內生產的消費品能夠替代進口商品並滿足國內市場需求時就進入第二階段;
  在第二個階段,進口替代由消費品轉向國內短缺的資本品和中間產品的生產,如機器製造、石油加工、鋼鐵工業等資本密集型工業。經過這兩個階段的發展,進口替代工業日趨成熟,為全面的工業化奠定了基礎。

 進口替代戰略的實施需要實行貿易保護政策,主要包括3個方面:
  第一,關稅保護,即對最終消費品的進口征收高關稅,對生產最終消費品所需的資本品和中間產品征收低關稅或免徵關稅。
  第二,進口配額,即限制各類商品的進口數量,以減少非必需品的進口,並保證國家扶植的工業企業能夠得到進口的資本品和中間產品,降低它們的生產成本
  第三,使本國貨幣升值,以降低進口商品的成本,減輕外匯不足的壓力。
其中關稅配額是進口替代戰略中最重要的保護措施。
process of economic development = industralization

Friday, April 18, 2014

The importance of stupidity in scientific research

http://m.jcs.biologists.org/content/121/11/1771.full

journal of cell science
Tsiang, S.C. "Taiwan's economic miracle: lessons in economic development," in A.C. Harberger, editor, "World Economic Growth; Case Studies of Developed and Developing Countries," Institute for Contemporary Studies, San Francisco, CA, 1984

Kicking Away the Ladder: Development Strategy in Historical Perspective

development economcic



    Social protection

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_protection

    Amartya Sen

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amartya_Sen

    Genuine progress indicator

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genuine_Progress_Indicator
    Piazza, James A. “Rooted in Poverty?: Terrorism, Poor Economic Development, and Social Cleavages.” Terrorism and Political Violence 18.1 (2006): 159–77
    It is not true that people stop pursuing dreams because they grow old, they grow old because they stop pursuing dreams.

    A Teaspoon of Earth and Sea: A Novel

    總體經濟學 / Robert J. Barro著 
     
    What matters in life is not what happens to you but what you remember and how you remember it.
    ― Gabriel Garcí­a Márquez
    Prasch, Robert E. “Neoliberalism and Ethnic Conflict.” Review of Radical Political Economics 44.3 (2012): 298–304. 

    Prasch points out that, as economic growth often occurs in tandem with increased inequality, ethnic or religious organizations may be seen as both assistance and an outlet for the disadvantaged.
    we had yet to see a robust economy emerge from a nation with a high degree of linguistic diversity

     Pool, Jonathan. “National Development and Language Diversity.” Advances in the Sociology of Language 2 (1972): 213–30.

    both highly diverse and highly homogeneous societies exhibit less conflict than those in between

    both highly homogenous and highly heterogeneous societies exhibit lower risk of civil war, while societies that are more polarized are at greater risk


    Project Socrates

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Socrates

    Thursday, April 17, 2014

    economic development is a policy intervention endeavor with aims of economic and social well-being of people

    economic growth is a phenomenon of market productivity and rise in GDP

    economic growth is one aspect of the process of economic development

    The scope of economic development includes the process and policies by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people

    Baby boomers take cues from 'Golden Girls'

    Photos From the Santa Monica Farmers' Market

    http://www.kcet.org/living/food/the-nosh/photos-from-the-santa-monica-farmers-market.html

    Wednesday, April 16, 2014

    As consciousness continues to evolve in the direction of optimal functioning, letting go of inappropriate attachments and discovering previously unrecognized powers
    the whole course of human development and evolution is in the direction of increasing freedom, higher and higher actualization of personal choice
    a healthy level of self-esteem cannot be maintained without a willingness to assert—and, if necessary, fight for—our right to exist. It is on this point that issues of psychology, ethics, and politics converge.
    In denying human beings freedom of thought and action, collectivist system is anti-self-esteem by its
    very nature. Self-confident, self-respecting men and women are unlikely to accept the premise that they exist for the sake of others.

    How Technology Revolutionized Taiwan’s Sunflower Movement

    http://thediplomat.com/2014/04/how-technology-revolutionized-taiwans-sunflower-movement/?allpages=yes

    libertarianism

    If we are consistent in our adherence to individualism, we can see that the sole function of a government is to protect us from criminals, to protect us from foreign invaders, to provide a system of courts for the protection of property and contracts against breach or fraud—and otherwise to leave us
    alone.
    a right to think and act on his or her judgment—the right of liberty; a right to work for the achievement
    of his or her values and to keep the results—the right of property; a right to live for his or her sake, to choose and work for personal goals—the right to the pursuit of happiness

    social relationship, political system

    When human beings enter into social relationships, when they choose to deal with one another, they face a fundamental alternative: to deal by means of reason, or to deal by means of force.

    This alternative is inescapable: either a person seeks to gain values from others by their voluntary consent, by persuasion, by appealing to their mind, or a person seeks to gain values without the voluntary consent of the owner, which means by coercion or fraud. This is the issue at the base of all social relationships and all political systems.
    individualism holds that a human being should think and judge independently, respecting nothing more than the sovereignty of his or her mind; thus, it is intimately connected with the concept of autonomy. As an ethical-political concept, individualism upholds the supremacy of individual rights, the principle that a human being is an end in him- or herself, and that the proper goal of life is self-realization.
    evolution toward psychological maturity is evolution toward autonomy, one of the manifestations of which is the ability to engage in principled moral reasoning.
    In love, the self is celebrated, not denied, abandoned, or sacrificed.
    It is one's view of oneself that determines one's view of human nature and one's way of relating to other human beings. The respect and goodwill that persons of high self esteem tend to feel toward other persons is profoundly egoistic; they feel, in effect, "Other people are of value because they are of the same species as myself." This is the psychological base of any emotion of sympathy and any feeling of
    species solidarity.
    To be just is to deal with human beings as ends in themselves, not as means to the ends of others; to recognize each person's right to exist for his or her own sake and never to ask that person to exist
    for yours; to offer admiration for virtues and disapproval for vices; to deal with human beings as they objectively deserve, which means, among other things, to respect the distinction between the earned and the unearned (whether the currency be material or spiritual, wealth or admiration) and not to confuse a desire with a right ("I want" does not mean "I am entitled to").
    in 2013, your mom is British, dad is Italian
    in 2014, your mom in Scottish, dad is Turkish
    ..................
    Albert Einstein, it is said, was asked by a reporter, "How do you feel, knowing that so many
    people are trying to prove you are not right?"

    Einstein replied, "I have no interest in being right. I am only concerned with discovering whether I am or not."
    Happiness is an achievement that demands an understanding of, a respect for, and a nurturing of the life process.

    Ayn Rand

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayn_Rand

    enlightened selfishness

    Respect for a human being's right to exist for his or her own sake
    —the ethics of rational self-interest or enlightened selfishness
    We have no choice about the existence of such challenges; our only choice lies in how we will respond.
    To be heroic is to persevere.
    To love the process and the struggle.
    To laugh without restraint and to weep without restraint.
    To remain open and vulnerable, which means to remain feeling.
    To allow the life-force to lift us as high as we can rise.
    If we do not know how to live in the moment, we will not know how to live in eternity
    When considering any work or activity, I asked myself,
    "Am I confident that this is the way I want to invest my time and life?"

    reader, kindle in Taiwan

    http://bookpa.com/book/index.php

    Tuesday, April 15, 2014

    might be disappearing
    it is not difficult
    honest about expressing my thoughts and opinions
    I'd at least know that my friends liked the real me.
    our lives are filled with situations where it is appropriate and desirable to express what we think and feel, because such expression can be intrinsically satisfying, can enhance and enliven the moment, can serve our personal integrity. And yet, out of fear, we remain silent.
    The moment is unlived. For many people, that is the pattern of their entire lives.
    Every act of self-assertion is an implicit affirmation of my right to exist. It implies that I am not the property of others and that I am not bound to live my life in accordance with their expectations—neither my parents nor my teachers nor my friends nor my colleagues nor the government nor the salesperson trying to browbeat me into a purchase I have no wish to make. Self-assertion can be frightening—it connects me to my aloneness.

    Monday, April 14, 2014

    yes, no, soul default

    one of the most important ways in which we support our self-esteem is through the courage and integrity to say no when we want to say no and yes when we want to say yes.

    we said yes when we wanted to say no or vice versa, and we know the marks such defaults leave on the soul
    The essence of self-assertion is to respect our own values and live by our own judgment, so that we experience integrity: what we do in the world is the appropriate expression of what we are.
    Self-acceptance is, quite simply, realism. That which is, is. That which I feel, I feel. That which I think, I think. That which I have done, I have done.
    A woman who does not permit herself to know when she feels assaulted and mistreated, for example, condemns herself to feeling helpless and impotent, a state in which self assertiveness is impossible.

    The 6 Best Hot Pot Restaurants in Los Angeles

    http://www.kcet.org/living/food/the-nosh/have-you-eaten/the-6-best-hot-pot-restaurants-in-los-angeles.html?utm=fb

    Controversial facility works to curb H.I.V. spread

    Solar-powered plane revealed in Switzerland

    Sunday, April 13, 2014

    Plenty of jobs are stressful, so why the special fuss about academia?

    http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/blog/2014/apr/05/academics-anonymous-research-stressful-job-depression

    There is a culture of acceptance around mental health issues in academia

    http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/blog/2014/mar/01/mental-health-issue-phd-research-university

    Saturday, April 12, 2014

    Friday, April 11, 2014

    台灣啟示錄柯媽媽 Part 3-1 強制險立法的八年抗戰 (上)

    台灣啟示錄柯媽媽Part 4 柯媽媽還在拚 媽媽為你活的22年

    台灣啟示錄柯媽媽 Part 3-2 強制險立法的八年抗戰 (下)

    台灣啟示錄柯媽媽 Part 2 母子夢中對話與東海師生支持

    柯媽媽強制險立法的八年抗戰 (上)



    柯媽媽只有國小學歷,根本不懂什麼叫立法,她賣掉房子,籌錢組織協會,辦公聽會,­自己翻國語字典,翻六法全書,寫下10幾條「草案」,著手立法。之後的八年,柯媽媽和­其他受難家屬,那些死了孩子的父母們,在立法院外抗爭。被人罵、被人笑、被人抬,兩度­絕食送醫,虛脫之際,耳邊還聽到有立委說:怎不死一死。

    台灣是民國83年才有全民健保,全民健保剛推出時,一樣受到大眾不解,遭到反對。而柯­媽媽是在民國78年就推動同樣具有社會保險概念,也就是和全民健保一樣,大家平均分擔­風險的汽機車強制責任險,當然更是受到阻力。不但立委冷嘲熱諷,民眾也覺得事不關己,­讓柯媽媽飽受挫折。

    Please help Maoming city, China Is Under Military Massacre, Dozens People Dead!

    For decades, they have lived far below comfort zone with unbelievably exploited living standards, and became the world's cheapest labor for our material affordability. NOW! They are yelling for HELP! Their lives are being slaughtered because of a peaceful demonstration against building a PX chemical factory in their city. The people of Maoming City, Guangdong, China Is Under Military Massacre since March 30. Military tanks and armed forces have blockaded the city and killed dozens people. The city’s internet access have been shot down. The Chinese medias have been ordered to be silent.
    The people broke through dangerous resistance coming to our country’s internet crying for help. Please help them to make their voice louder.
    强烈抗议中共血腥镇压茂名和平抗议民众!要求国际社会介入调查,追究凶手责任!请签名支持。每一个签名,就是一份力量!
    https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/please-help-them-maoming-city-china-under-military-massacre-dozens-people-dead/wfP9qHYx

    China demonstrations 廣東茂名上街頭抗議PX石化工廠, White House Petitions



    http://wh.gov/ldAhg

    强烈抗议中共血腥镇压茂名和平抗议民众!要求国际社会介入调查,追究凶手责任!请签名支持。每一个签名,就是一份力量!
    當人民不再害怕中共時,中共的末日就到了!
    請大家繼續密切關注廣東茂名市民反PX項目的事態發展。今天茂名學生和市民在遭到暴力鎮壓後,再次走上街頭抗議當局,其規模更大,人數更多。當局面對這種過去從未發生的情況,已進退失據,驚慌失措。這說明中國民眾已經不再害怕中共,中共已經無法鎮壓下去了。這是中國全民民主革命爆發的前兆。請大家打起精神,共同爲推動中國民主革命出一份力。
    我們在海外的朋友能做的事情有限。我們唯一能做的事情就是爲國內民眾發聲。我們於日前在白宮網站開通了聲援茂名民眾的簽名專頁,一天之內簽名人數已近五百。請大家繼續推動這一簽名活動,將這一信息分享給你國內外的朋友,動員更多的人參與我們的行動。
    When the people are no longer afraid of the Chinese communist regime, the end of this regime is beginning.
    Please continue to show your support for the peaceful demonstration of Maoming city. Even after they started the massacre, more and more Maoming people are joining the demonstration. The Chinese Communist Party had never encountered anything like this. They are panicking and losing control. This situation tells us that the people are no longer afraid of the CCP and their violence to the people is losing power. The singularity of our Democracy Revolution against Communism is here. This is the time that we come together to create this historical moment.
    In order to help to raise Maoming people’s voice. We have made a petition on the white house website. Please help to circulate this petition. Please pray for the Maoming people. Your signature can help to bring communism to an end!

    Thursday, April 10, 2014

    Where there is no power, there can be no responsibility, and where there is no responsibility, there can be no reasonable self reproach.
    Regret, yes; guilt, no.

    Wednesday, April 09, 2014

    home

    The will to be efficacious—the refusal of a human consciousness to accept helplessness as its permanent and unalterable condition

    I am more than my problems


    we are responsible for the life decisions we make
    we are responsible for the conclusions we draw from our experience

    Tuesday, April 08, 2014

    Serious reading takes a hit from online scanning and skimming, researchers say

    http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/serious-reading-takes-a-hit-from-online-scanning-and-skimming-researchers-say/2014/04/06/088028d2-b5d2-11e3-b899-20667de76985_story.html?hpid=z7

    Swiss consider welfare overhaul with guaranteed income

    Saturday, April 05, 2014

    兩岸服貿協議真的「利大於弊」?統計的科學檢證

    http://twstreetcorner.org/2014/04/01/linthunghong/

    IMF chief Lagarde on the hurdles facing economic growth

    syllabus

    industrial policy
    political economy
    institutional economy
    economic development
    green enterprise

    Living Without Money (繁中字幕)

    Lin, Justin Yifu, Fang Cai, and Zhou Li (2003), The China Miracle: Development
    Strategy and Economic Reform. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press.

    Chow, Gregory C. (2002), China's Economic Transformation. Malden, Mass.:
    Blackwell Publisher
    Abdelal, Rawi, Mark Blyth, and Craig Parsons (2010) Constructing the International
    Political Economy Ithaca: Cornell University Press

    Berger, Suzanne (2005) How We Compete NY: Currency-Doubleday.

    Buthe, Tim and Mattli, Walter (2011)The New Global Rulers: The Privatization of
    Regulation in the World Economy Princeton: Princeton University Press

    Culpepper, Pepper (2011) Quiet Politics and Business Power Cambridge: Cambridge
    University Press.

    Frieden, Jeff R. (2007) Global Capitalism: Its Fall and Rise in the Twentieth Century
    New York: Norton

    Rodrik, Dani (2011) The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the
    World Economy New York: Norton

    Schmidt, Vivien A. (2002) The Futures of European Capitalism Oxford: Oxford
    University Press.

    Schmidt, Vivien A. and Thatcher, Mark (2013) Resilient Liberalism in Europe’s Political
    Economy Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Streeck, Wolfgang and Thelen, Kathleen (2005) Beyond Continuity Oxford: Oxford
    University Press

    Steinmo, Sven (2010) The Evolution of Modern States: Sweden, Japan, and the United
    States New York: Cambridge University Press

    Barry Naughton. 2007. The Chinese Economy: Transition and Growth. Cambridge,
    MA: The MIT Press.

    Edward Steinfeld. 2000. Forging Reform in China: The Fate of State-Owned Industry.
    Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

    Center for Strategic and International Studies and Institute of International Economics
    (eds.). 2006. China: The Balance Sheet. Washington, DC: CSIS and IIE.

    Joseph Fewsmith. 2013. The Logic and Limits of China’s Political Reform. New York:
    Cambridge University Press.
    Li, Shousheng (2000). "关于21世纪前10年产业政策若干问题的思考(Reflections on some issues of industrial policy in the first decade of the 21st century). 管理世界 (Management World), No. 4: 49-58.

    Liu, He and Yang Weimin (1991). "产业政策的制定和实施" (Formulating and implementing industrial policy). 宏观经济管理 (Macroeconomic Management), No. 7: 37-39.

    Liu, He and Yang Weimin (1999). 中国的产业政策: 理念与实践 (Chinese Industrial Policy: Ideas and Practices). Beijing: Zhongguo jingji.

    Liu, Hong (2010). 八〇年代:中国经济学人的光荣与梦想 (The 1980s: Glory and dreams of Chinese economists). Nanning: Guangxi shifan daxue.

    Liu, Ling (2005). China's Industrial Policies and the Global Business Revolution: The Case of the Domestic Appliance Industry. London: Routledge.

    MIIT (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, PRC) (2011). 中国产业发展和产业政策报告 (Report on industries' development and industrial policy in China). Beijing: CITIC Press.

    Nolan, Peter (2001): China and the Global Economy: National Champions, Industrial Policy and the Big Business Revolution. Houndsmill: Palgrave.

    Ou, Xinqian and Liu Jiang (eds.) (2007). 中国产业发展与产业政策 (Industrial development and industrial policies in China). Beijing: Xinhua.

    Ou, Xinqian and Liu Jiang (eds.) (2007). 中国产业发展与产业政策 (Industrial development and industrial policies in China). Beijing: Xinhua.

    Zhao, Ying (ed.) (2000). 中国产业政策实证分析 (Empirical analysis of Chinese industrial policies). Beijing: Shehui kexue wenxian.

    Zhou, Xiaochuan and Yang Zhigang (1992). "谈产业政策的概念和选择" (On the conceptions and choices of industrial policy). 财贸经济 (Finance & Trade Economics), No.7: 7 -11.
    Li, Cheng (2009). "China's New Think Tanks: Where Officials, Entrepreneurs, and Scholars Interact". China Leadership Monitor, August 2009: 1-21.
    Jung, Joo-Youn (2006). When Nonliberal Economies Meet Globalization. The Transformation of Interventionist States in East Asia. Unpublished Dissertation, Stanford University.

    raising children, self esteem

    Between parent and child

    Between parent and teenager

    Liberated parents, liberated children

    How to talk so kids will listen and listen so kids will talk

    Sibling without rivalry

    Parent effectiveness training ---- Thomas Gordon

    Building self-esteem: a comprehensive program for schools

    Personal and social responsibility ---- Constance Dembrowsky

    Friday, April 04, 2014

    Awareness is the silent and choiceless observation of what is

    Problems will always exist where the activities of the self are dominant. To be aware which are and which are not the activities of the self needs constant vigilance. This vigilance is not disciplined attention, but an extensive awareness which is choiceless. Disciplined attention gives strength to the self; it becomes a substitute and a dependence. Awareness, on the other hand, is not self-induced, nor is it the outcome of practice; it is understanding the whole content of the problem, the hidden as well as the superficial. The surface must be understood for the hidden to show itself; the hidden cannot be exposed if the surface mind is not quiet. 
    This whole process is not verbal, nor is it a matter of mere experience. Verbalization indicates dullness of mind; and experience, being cumulative, makes for repetitiousness. Awareness is not a matter of determination, for purposive direction is resistance, which tends towards exclusiveness. Awareness is the silent and choiceless observation of what is; in this awareness the problem unrolls itself, and thus it is fully and completely understood. A problem is never solved on its own level; being complex, it must be understood in its total process. To try to solve a problem on only one level, physical or psychological, leads to further conflict and confusion. For the resolution of a problem, there must be this awareness, this passive alertness which reveals its total process. - Krishnamurti, J. Krishnamurti Commentaries on Living Series I Chapter 41 Awareness
    由於太陽和風力部門製造力可觀、國內市場成長,以及世無其匹的國定再生能源目標,中國在未來許多年都將領先世界乾淨能源市場

    feed-in tariff

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feed-in_tariff

    green energy race




    http://udn.com/NEWS/WORLD/WOR2/8592143.shtml

    根據最新調查,2013年全球綠能(乾淨能源、再生能源)平均投資水平連續兩年下降,但G20有日本、加拿大和英國三國增加,日本的投資成長率還拿了第一名。

    根據美國「Pew慈善信託」3日公布的報告〈2013:誰是乾淨能源競賽的贏家?〉,中國2013年的乾淨能源投資仍然冠於全球,但歐盟繼2012年降低9%之後,2013年再減11%,造成全球投資連續兩年下降。

    但日本是一大例外,2013年投資額勁升80%,達到286億美元(台幣8580億元),其中一半在太陽能,把日本的太陽能產能增加將近一倍。日本投資勁增,也使亞洲2013年的綠能投資成長率以10%稱冠世界。

    日本2011年地震海嘯引發福島核電廠災難,核電廠停機,但自身又沒有石化資源,進口石油又昂貴,因此必須追求能源多元化。日本去年綠能勁增的結果,投資額在全球僅次於美國和中國。報告說,日本投資大幅增加,政府收購電力(feed-in tariff)的制度居功甚大。

    中國的投資在2012年縮減6%,但2013年仍以542億美元居全球之首,美國以367億美元排第二。

    中國大陸的空氣品質,以及其和氣候變遷的關係(中國大陸是溫室氣體最大生產戶),一直引人關切,北京對風力和太陽能設下頗具雄心的目標。

    根據Pew報告,中國大陸的太陽能成長將近四倍。在2008-13年綠能產能成長率這一項,南韓以23%拿第五名,中國也是23%但排第四名,土耳其以28%居首。

    報告說:「由於太陽和風力部門製造力可觀、國內市場成長,以及世無其匹的國定再生能源目標,中國在未來許多年都將領先世界乾淨能源市場。」

    反之,歐盟由於撙節,加上未來的獎勵措施不確定,投資大幅下降。德國銳減55%,法國劇降42%,義大利大砍75%,西班牙更狂削84%。英國是歐洲的光點,成長13%,總額達到124億美元,在全球排第四,其中一半在風能。
    加拿大則激增將近50%,大部分在風力發電,但太陽能也上升,在加拿大總投資額65億美元中占25億。