Friday, December 09, 2016

論文電子全文

https://free.com.tw/sci-hub/

Thursday, December 08, 2016

咳嗽, 拍打

http://www.twgreatdaily.com/node1365132?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=facebook

Wednesday, December 07, 2016

热能与热源

一、热能与热源是一样的吗,我们就来探讨一下,热源为身体外来的,如温热药食、温敷这都是热源,可是当我们身体接收100%的热源,身体就会有100%的热能吗?当然不是,热能是需经身体组织运作之后才会产生的。因此100%的热源会有多少的热能,这是要看身体的吸收与运作之后所产生出来的才算数。
举例来说,有三个人不同症状,同时喝了一斤的浓姜汤,但三个人身体所感受的热是不一样的,因为三个人的身体运作是不相同,所以产生出来的热能就会有差异性。再举一例,一样的汽油加到一台小轿车与一台跑车那么二者的行车速度会相同吗,所以要将热源发挥到极致,最重要的就是组织还需正常运作下才可以有效转化,身体组织器官没运作,再多的热源也都是没有用。所以绝不能误将热源就是热能混为一谈,也绝不能把外热源当作是唯一的 热源,正确的饮食观念及适量的运动,才是最好的保健之缘。

二、有些学习者对于热性,会一直着重在辣,这是不正确地的想法,难道越辣就能产生更多的热吗,如果真的只要辣就可以应付身体所需的热能,那么应该吃朝天椒或魔鬼椒会更节省开销,在手册当中有很多温热食材及中药吃了根本不会热,所以药性当中的热性,并不是吃了之后身体会感觉热,因此所有温热药食吃了之后,不管感觉会热、会冒汗还是没感觉,都不能称之为热多热少。一切的热能都需视身体组织运作过后,体伤修复的多寡为依据,所以有些人吃姜黄不会辣,但能感受全身发热,但有些却觉得不会热,所以误把会感觉热的就称之为热源,不会感觉热的就不是热源或热源不够

三、只要是温热药食都是可以使用,生姜与姜黄的药性都是温,所以不必一定都是吃姜,有时候换换口味更能有效达到所需要的结果。因为再好的热源吃不进去都是没有用的。有吃且吃得进去才有机会,不吃或吃不下,就算神仙来了也没用。

四、所有食材的寒凉平温热的属性,是不能直接代表这食材在经过烹调之后的最终属性,食材的比例多寡也是重要的一环,例如:【姜汤==>热姜汤==>冰姜汤、水==>热开水==>冰开水】,以上都是经过食材温度变化而产生不同程度的属性变化,因此只要经过烹调过之后,利用加热及加入温热调味料,就可调和一些寒凉食材,经过灵活运用,就可拥有快乐的生活质量。
避寒凉,取温热,多运动、当休息、好心情,才能真正拥有好健康及美好的人生。

高血壓的藥物控制到底好不好?

許多人在被西醫宣佈有高血壓時,當場血壓就更高了,也不管三七二十一,立刻開始服用降血壓藥,因為西醫告訴他不吃就會中風,從此病人惡夢就開始了,這類人只迷信西醫是對的,完全不懂西醫學是什麼,就去盲從醫師的指示,諸位只要稍微深入的想一下,告訴你有高血壓的醫師,有沒有同時告訴你為什麼你有高血壓?是什麼原因造成你有高血壓?

  如果沒有告訴你為什麼,或者也不知道為什麼你有高血壓,那就是說,你相信一位根本不知道你到底怎麼回事的醫師的話,就開始一直吃他的藥,你不是笨蛋是什麼,你不是迷信是什麼。

  專家表示一半以上高血壓患者死於腎衰竭,心衰竭與降血壓藥關係重大,西藥會讓患者產生強烈的藥物依賴,表面上是降了血壓,實際上更是摧殘心、腦、腎,而且還會帶來頭暈、噁心、心慌、哮喘、水腫等副作用,會給你造成莫大的痛苦。

幾乎所有降血壓的藥都是利尿劑,會讓你的腎功能下降利尿劑是促進腎臟排尿功能從而增加尿量,利尿劑的副作用非常大,容易誘發痛風,蔗糖腎病(滲透性腎病)等。這是西藥寒涼藥物典型的治療方法,增加腎臟排尿,最後卻得了腎病,這種藥無非就是追求一種假象,其實就是殺雞取卵。

  而且因為西藥都是屬酸性,而酸性會破壞血管壁組織,容易造成血管破裂,也就是說,服用高血壓藥物的病患者將更容易得到中風與心臟病,不吃的病患反而不會得到這類疾病。

  血壓根本是沒有標準的,每天都不一樣,隨著心情而起伏不定,也隨著運動多少而不一定,西醫的標準根本是藥廠自己定出來的,為了想賣藥賺錢,因此訂出標準,有病名才有名目去賣藥,還裝著很慈善的說是為了預防你得到中風與心臟病而賣給你的,試問世上有多少人一直吃降血壓藥,結果還是中風了,真正如果有效的話,根本沒人中風了。

-------
因為當西醫跟你講你高血壓了,
高血壓也是一個果啊!也是一個影子啊!
結果你就開始莫名其妙的吃高血壓藥,
但是你不去探討這些高血壓而產生的症狀,
因在哪裡?你不會再去想因了!
因就是我們說的不是他處筋傷就是體質變寒嘛!
這個才能幫你解決所有這個的根本問題,
但是你不是的,你現在就是看高血壓,
你就吃一個高血壓藥,
那吃了他就會down下來,那藥效過了,
他明天還會不會高上去?會!
因為他只是讓訊號秀逗,
或是表現不出來或是這個警報器響了,
他就把它關掉,甚至把它打壞,
就是讓你不知不覺以為没有病了,
但是體質的因還在不在?
在啊!極寒體質還在啊!那個他處筋傷還在,
所以當你第一天吃高血壓藥的時候,
你的病應該就註定不會好,為什麼不會好?
因為你要吃一輩子!
如果會好,就是吃幾天之後就不需要吃了,
他病也就好了,所以這個才是好嘛。
那吃了高血壓藥,
一定要一輩子那怎麼會算是好呢?
那吃高血壓藥會不會中風?
有没有人吃高血壓藥的過程中還是中風的?
有啊!我看很多啊!
妳說血壓降低了就不會中風嗎?
不對!血壓down低一樣會中風,
又有人血壓没有高就中風了,這樣的患者也有,
所以當你們在吃藥的時候,
他的體質一直都没有變,因都没有變,
所以這個藥就註定要吃一輩子。
~~~ 張醫師-吉林5
-------------
高血壓是什麼引起的? 可能是腦血管疾病, 也可能是心血管疾病引起的, 更有可能是胃腸不好, 也有可能是你情緒不稳定, 也會造成高血壓, 也有可能你懷孕了, 肚子脹得很不舒服, 就高血壓了, 但我們真的也不知道, 哪是怎回事引起高血壓, 我們能處理嗎? 一樣的, 可以, 就是從頭部原始點一路按到整條脊椎, 哪裡痛就是他哪裡出問題, 把有問題的揉開, 他就會好了!

Vanilla Crème Brulée

http://cooking.nytimes.com/recipes/9039-vanilla-creme-brulee?smid=fb-nytimes&smtyp=cur

市售薑黃粉驗出鉛 不到一茶匙就超標

http://news.tvbs.com.tw/life/691094

熱能

什么是热能?
所有的疾病症状皆因身体热能不足所致,病情的轻重也是有体力之强弱与症状
每天发作时间之久暂,范围之大小而得知
那么,热能究竟是什么?!
中医管热能叫元气,
西医叫能量!
热能充足的人,精力旺盛,腿脚有力,皮肤细腻红润,食欲好
热能不足的人,畏寒怕冷,身体虚弱,食欲差,经常高烧,医院的 常客
由此可知,疾病上身的主要原因,皆因热能不足所致
然而由于我们现在的生活习惯问题,导致身体热能明显不足!
各种含糖饮料,使身体寒上加寒
喝酒吃烧烤,癌细胞上门来,身体越来越寒。。。。。
如此一来,你就成了寒性体质了。。。。。。
突然感觉一阵寒意上身。。。。
那么要如何补充热能呢。。。。
第一步,坚决停止喝含糖饮料及各种寒性食品,多喝浓姜汤,若实在觉得辛辣,可适当放糖。。。。
保持健康心态,少熬夜,多运动,不吸烟及过量饮酒,拒绝烧烤
心态乐观,科学饮食,疾病远离我!

Tuesday, December 06, 2016

養花葉片發黃、發蔫都是爛根在作怪

http://www.dayspot.net/post455293/2180

Monday, December 05, 2016

Flying Jiankou Great Wall

張醫師的癌症語錄

癌症能不能治療?心態、活動、飲食。
☆我研究下來,都有驚人的發現,原來癌症根本不會死人,只要體力好,生命力好,根本不會死。
☆因為生命之火越來越弱了,也是因為內熱源不夠了,體質很寒,他整個新陳代謝的功能變差,所以才慢慢長出腫瘤。因為你太寒了,新陳代謝變慢了,然後所累積的是一個產物而已,這對我們而言只是一個訊號。
☆我們應該把體質改變,吃一些熱源,那自然腫瘤它就會自動化解,即使不化解,也不會影響你的生命力,這才是正途呀!
☆你要學習智慧,要拒絕去醫院做任何的檢查,拒絕被誘惑,那就是不要去醫院,因為醫院檢查出來的都是果,你去處理果,幾乎就是災難的開始。
☆癌細胞也是生命不可分割的一部分,我們應該好好照顧它,是照顧我們的生命,不能有與癌細胞和平共存的想法,萬萬不可以這樣想,和平共存是錯的,因為對立才有共,連這個念頭都不可以有,而應該反省為什麽會讓我的生命力變得那麽差,是自己的問題,不關癌細胞的問題,它是你弄出來的嘛。
☆讓我們瞭解癌症不可怕,也不會恐懼,這時候重新站起來,你就會迅速找回自己的自信、尊嚴和快樂。這才是我們要有尊嚴而活啊。
☆生命掌握在哪裡呢?不是醫院,也不是醫生,而是掌握在你們的觀念,跟你們面對生命的態度。這樣,如果願意承擔你的生命,願意積極去面對你們的生活,那你的態度這麽積極,你的生命力就旺盛,那你活得很自在。
☆因為觀念已經清楚,有了智慧,請問你得了癌症,還會不會恐懼,你不會,不但不會,而且你以後也不會得癌症。
癌細胞是自己保養不好,讓身體變寒,它才會產生的。人最怕就是沒有反省的能力,不會去探討為什麽有這個果,而一直怪這個果,當你起了這個念頭時,你就註定悲慘的開始,這個是實話。
☆真的相信這一套的人,我跟你講,一定發大心,這是個千載難逢的機緣,如果聽得懂,我相信你們活的很自在。
☆我跟大家講,我這一生不會再進醫院了,不可能去醫院檢查,去檢查出影子來嚇自己,然後拿錢來嚇自己,這種事我不會幹,拿自己的生命開玩笑。
“Don’t take anything personally. Nothing others do is because of you. What others say and do is a projection of their own reality, their own dream. When you are immune to the opinions and actions of others, you won’t be the victim of needless suffering.” ~ Don Miguel Ruiz

free writing software

http://writefullapp.com/

https://hk.thenewslens.com/article/55919

Sunday, December 04, 2016

膝盖疼痛爬楼梯更辛苦, 原始點要如何处理?



膝蓋疼痛爬樓梯辛苦,原始點要如何處理?
張醫師:其實這個很簡單,膝蓋所有的疼痛都在屁股可以找得到,所以它的開關在臀部,就在V字那兩條。如果是左腳,就按左邊這一條,如果在右腳,就按右邊,按同側。按完它一定有痛點,它馬上膝蓋就鬆掉了。
平時膝蓋痛我還是建議爬樓梯,雖然他剛開始爬會痛,爬樓梯有什麼好處呢?
如果你把一步兩階,把屁股的筋拉開,他其實膝蓋很快就會好了。一步要爬兩階,慢慢爬,其實這個正是在拉筋。
●下樓梯,最好不要用「腳根」去踩,還是要用「腳尖」,才不會傷到。
如果只是自己一個人,那如何可按到呢?
可以利用工具,或頂著牆壁,或用一些工具也可以按到,多少都會有效,最根本就是爬樓爬,最有效,一步兩階!

America’s first sustainable urban agrihood is growing in Detroit

http://detroit.curbed.com/2016/12/1/13807672/urban-agrihood-detroit-mufi#22
原始點療法不是在幫你治病、治痠痛。
原始點療法是希望藉按推調理幫你鬆筋、藉內外熱源幫你改善體力。
原始點療法是藉正常的作息、飲食習慣及運動等提高身體的自癒力、免疫力。最後讓身體去做自我修復工作,達到有效改善症狀的目的。

Friday, December 02, 2016

心靈洗腎

腎臟的功能是排出來自蛋白質代謝之後的含氮廢物,可是當腎臟功能產生障礙,有了慢性腎衰竭的現象,身體失去了排除含氮廢物的功能時,就會累積代謝毒素於血液中,最後需要靠機器「洗腎」,取代正常腎臟排毒的功能。到底是什麼樣的原因,會導致一個人的腎臟失去了將含氮廢物排掉的能力?它反映出什麼樣的心境?
從小到大,我們聽過很多人說話,有些話中聽或不中聽、肯定或否定我們、支持或打擊我們,以及你看完一本書、聽完一場演講,請問在聽了別人的話,或者接觸其他資訊之後,你的感受是什麼?這個進入你腦海再整理、消化跟吸收的過程,是不是類似把食物吃進去的過程。裡面也許有恐懼、負面的訊息,有些東西你會吸收,有些東西你消化不了,需要排出體外。吸收很多的字句,很多的情感能量,很多人給我們的臉色,不管是好的壞的,我們都概括承受了。例如回到家,老婆跟你說,你真是沒用,錢賺那麼少,家事又不會做,請問你聽了這段話的感受如何?要怎麼樣去消化、整理、吸收?
當人家告訴你的、給你的情感性的東西,不管是好的、壞的、肯定的、恐懼的,你聽到了、感受到了。重要的是你排除消化過程中產生負面代謝物的能力強不強,以及整理、消化、吸收的能力好不好。有些人就會去發洩,藉由找人說、看書、看電影、運動等等管道而排掉。至於排掉廢物能力不強的人怎麼辦?由於無法排掉,開始累積在身體裡面,以致腎臟的功能開始降低。因為腎臟的功能,就代表一個人格把不要的東西排掉,或是把吸收過的東西轉變成排泄物,如果你有恐懼而沒有表達出來,沒有去把它排掉,你就開始把這些含氮廢物、毒素累積在體內。
所以很多腎臟不好的人開始水腫,皮膚變黑,因為血液裏面累積了很多的毒素。而這些毒素一開始是從心理的層面來的!他們有能耐吃進來,有能耐聽人家說,卻沒有能耐排掉。所以腎臟不好的人,通常個性是很害怕衝突、內向、封閉,常常否定自己,自我的形象降低,他東西進得來,排不出去毒素,導致後來要靠洗腎來幫助。
慢性腎衰竭可不可以好?在醫學上腎功能慢性衰竭是無能為力的,往往到最後就是走到洗腎的路上。但是從身心靈著手是可以逆轉勝的,可是要先從你的身心靈開始,學會「心靈洗腎」。很多腎功能不佳的人,從小到大累積了很多的負面的情緒,無論是爸媽罵你的、人家批評你的不滿的話,每一句話不見得都中聽,你起了不開心的情緒那個副產物,可是你表達不出去,開始累積這些黑色的東西在皮膚,那就是暗沉的情緒。
所以要保養你的腎,必須學習心靈洗腎。賽斯說「情緒跟著信念走,它們是情感自然而不斷變化的狀態。拒絕情緒是無用的,它們是配合肉身調準的意識來認識自己的一個方法,它們不是破壞性的。」如果你認定你物質存在的正當性,那麼你就幫助了在你體內的細胞與器官,而在無意間仁慈地對待了它們。情緒需要心靈洗腎,我們也能幫人家心靈洗腎,幫助人家排除他累積的暗沈的、負面的情緒,排他的黑氣,如此就能漸漸地不用洗腎了。

Thursday, December 01, 2016

Trapped in Karma: Sleep Walking

https://www.eckharttollenow.com/new-home-video/default.aspx?shortcode=727oin

Tuesday, November 29, 2016

槓子頭

百真老山東水餃老店
02-2823-2858
台北市北投區石牌路二段90巷32號
http://www.ipeen.com.tw/comment/85337

Monday, November 28, 2016

social network analysis

NodeXL

UCINET
https://goo.gl/H8BlBf

http://www.lupa.io/

Friday, November 25, 2016

睡覺前的瑜伽

http://www.cmoney.tw/notes/note-detail.aspx?nid=28016

Noam Chomsky books

  • How the world works : four classic bestsellers in one affordable volume 
  • Making the future : occupations, interventions, empire and resistance 

Thursday, November 24, 2016

today's books are too heavy to carry, even with a big bag

value and happiness

pursue the values for the sake of your own happiness

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Noam Chomsky: anarchism

Noam Chomsky: anarchism is, in my view, basically a kind of tendency in human thought which shows up in different forms in different circumstances, and has some leading characteristics.  Primarily it is a tendency that is suspicious and skeptical of domination, authority, and hierarchy.  It seeks structures of hierarchy and domination in human life over the whole range, extending from, say, patriarchal families to, say, imperial systems, and it asks whether those systems are justified.  It assumes that the burden of proof for anyone in a position of power and authority lies on them.  Their authority is not self-justifying.  They have to give a reason for it, a justification.  And if they can’t justify that authority and power and control, which is the usual case, then the authority ought to be dismantled and replaced by something more free and just.  And, as I understand it, anarchy is just that tendency.  It takes different forms at different times.

Noam Chomsky --- Trump in the White House: An Interview With Noam Chomsky

http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/38360-trump-in-the-white-house-an-interview-with-noam-chomsky

如何與你憎惡的人共事, How to Work with Someone You Hate

與你憎惡的人共事,可能令你精神不集中,且疲憊不堪。自大狂、討厭鬼或喋喋不休的抱怨狂,這種令人無法忍受的同事,會對你的態度和績效造成負面影響。你可能無法專注在你們必須一起完成的工作,最後不但浪費時間和精力去克制自己的情緒,還要試圖控制對方的行為。所幸若是採取適當的技巧,你仍可與自己無法忍受的人,維持有成效的工作關係。

專家怎麼說

你可能必須與某個你不喜歡的人一起工作,不少人也都有這種經驗。惹人厭的同事,是大家都非常熟悉的典型人物。著有《好上司,壞上司》(Good Boss, Bad Boss)與《拒絕混蛋守則》(The No Asshole Rule)的史丹福大學管理科學及工程教授羅伯.蘇頓(Robert Sutton)說,這是人類必然會碰到的情況。他說:「總是會有人與我們合不來,像是親戚、一同通勤的人、鄰居或同事。」避開你不喜歡的人,通常是最成功的策略,但在職場上不一定能這麼做。著有《情緒競爭力,UP!》(The Brain and Emotional Intelligence: New Insights)的羅格斯大學(Rutgers University)組織情緒智慧研究協會(Consortium for Research on Emotional Intelligence in Organizations)聯合主席丹尼爾.高曼(Daniel Goleman)指出:「無論你喜不喜歡,有些人就是會在那裡。」下回,當你發現自己正非常生氣地看著坐在隔壁的人時,可以考慮以下的建議。

管理你的反應

你對於自己討厭的同事會有什麼反應,從略感不舒服,到直接的敵意,都有可能。高曼說,第一步就是管理你的反應。他建議,如果身邊有討厭鬼或粗魯無禮的人,別想著這個人的舉止,而是想想自己的反應。聚焦在自己的行為,是更有生產力的做法,因為你能夠控制它。若要控制你的情緒開關,高曼建議你每天練習放鬆的方法。他說,這將「增強你處理壓力的能力,也就是說,討厭鬼將變得不再那麼討厭。」

不要告訴別人你憎惡某人

處理自己不愉快感受時,克制向其他同事抱怨的衝動。別硬把人拉到茶水間說:「潔西卡有些地方讓人很討厭,你不覺得嗎?」蘇頓指出,我們往往都會想確認自己的想法是對的,但我們應該克制這種傾向。「因為情緒會傳染,你可能會讓大家都變得沮喪,」他說。此外,抱怨辦公室的同事,也可能對你造成負面影響。你可能得到不專業的名聲,或被貼上難搞的標籤。如果你覺得真的必須宣洩,應謹慎選擇支持你的人際網路。最好選擇辦公室之外的人。


https://www.hbrtaiwan.com/blog_content_1200.html?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=201611

Character Analysis Gail Wynand

Wynand is a powerful publisher of vulgar tabloids that oppose everything Roark stands for. But he also, like Dominique, loves man's noblest achievements, and owns a private gallery of great artworks. Wynand is a man of mixed premises. He rules his private life by means of his own judgment; consequently, it is filled with the items and persons that he, not his public, values. He loves Dominique, Roark, Roark's buildings, the beautiful art filling his gallery. Nobody — not his mother, Ellsworth Toohey, his public — tells Wynand how to conduct his personal life. Only his own thinking does this. But in his professional life, he is an egregious panderer. The Banner does not represent his values and thinking, but that of the most vulgar tastes of society. Ironically, the paper does not truly become Wynand's until he defends Roark in the Cortlandt case; only then does The Banner reflect Wynand's standards and values.

The story of Gail Wynand is tragedy. He is a man with the mind, talent, and initiative to do great things, but he brings disaster on himself by means of his own errors. Growing up in the harsh slums of Hell's Kitchen in New York City, he makes a fatal error, holding that, in this world, a man either rules or is ruled, conquers or is conquered. He believes that the majority of human beings are corrupt dolts — a mindless herd — and that the only way for the few intelligent and competent individuals to survive is by gaining power. He gives the public what it wants, attaining wealth and political influence along the way. But he betrays his own mind in the process.

Wynand is a man of exalted values, who panders to the debased standards of the crowd. Ultimately, the contradiction destroys him. When he defends Roark in The Banner, his thinking for the first time governs his paper's policy. He writes brilliant editorials defending the lone geniuses who stood against the men of their times, great individuals who, though persecuted by their societies, were vindicated by posterity. For the first time, Wynand uses his paper to defend the noble ideals he treasures. But he miscalculates. Those to whom he panders cannot appreciate a noble ideal, and those who can appreciate a noble ideal have long since stopped taking Wynand seriously. The paper comes back unread. Wynand had thought he had power. He believed that his papers molded public opinion. Bitterly, he discovers that his papers never belonged to him, but to the crowd — and that public opinion dictated his policies, not vice versa. Wynand discovers belatedly that, in seeking power, a man delivers himself to the very individuals he seeks to rule. He learns that a ruler must placate those ruled, and that his life is then dominated by the values of his subjects. If a ruler attempts to follow his own conscience — if he decides to flout the wishes of the herd — then the herd turns on him, throwing off his "authority" and turning to another. Wynand discovers that a power-seeker has no power — and that his own life was based on a lie.

https://www.cliffsnotes.com/literature/f/the-fountainhead/character-analysis/gail-wynand
https://campus.aynrand.org/campus/globals/transcripts/gail-wynand

Monday, November 21, 2016

Osho Speaks on Aristotle

http://www.oshonews.com/2015/03/08/osho-speaks-on-aristotle/

Aristotle, Ayn Rand

Ayn Rand, whose philosophy is a form of Aristotelianism, had the highest admiration for Aristotle (384-322 B.C.). She intellectually stood on Aristotle’s shoulders as she praised him above all other philosophers.

http://aynrandlexicon.com/lexicon/aristotle.html

http://rebirthofreason.com/Articles/Younkins/Aristotle_Ayn_Rands_Acknowledged_Teacher.shtml

Character Analysis Ellsworth Toohey

Toohey is a power-seeker. In various ways, he attempts to gain control over the lives of other men. At the personal level, he acquires a legion of followers who blindly obey his every command. Toohey deceives his victims by posturing as a humanitarian, but the code he preaches — that of self-sacrifice — is utterly destructive. Under the guise of offering spiritual guidance, Toohey convinces his followers to give up the things most important in their lives — their values. He tells them that virtue lies in selflessness, in the renunciation of personal desires, and that they must exist for the sake of others. He succeeds with a number of weak-willed individuals, who then surrender the things and persons most precious to them. But when a man gives up his values, he necessarily gives up that with which he formed them — his own thinking. His life is then empty, devoid of meaning and purpose, and he is incapable of internal direction. He needs external guidance. Toohey is never too busy to give them his full attention; he is always there to tell them what to do.
At the personal level, Toohey is a cult leader of a type such as Jim Jones, David Koresh, and Sun Myung Moon. He gains a private army of unquestioning followers, some of whom occupy positions of authority. He controls the souls of various government bureaucrats, of numerous Wynand employees and of millionaires like Hopton Stoddard and Mitchell Layton. It is through and by means of his victims that Toohey — like a virus — gains survival. Because he creates and contributes nothing, Toohey can exist only as a parasite. In this regard, he is the perfect antipode to Roark's creative genius.
But Toohey's power-seeking is not limited to his cult activities. He is the one character in the story who has political goals. Toohey seeks to establish a collectivist dictatorship in America. Because he is a Marxist intellectual preaching communism to the masses, he desires to control editorial policy of the Wynand papers. With The Banner as a platform, Toohey hopes to spread the ideas necessary to establish a totalitarian state in America.
Toohey knows that a Fascist or Communist state requires a citizenry willing to obey. He can establish a dictatorship only if the majority of individuals are willing to give up personal autonomy — to surrender their minds to a leader. The Roarks of the world will not do it. But the Keatings will — in exchange for approval. Toohey understands that Keating, in order to be liked, will yield his thinking and values to others. Just as Keating fawns over professors, employers, critics — anyone in authority — so he will toady to the political leaders. Toohey's conclusion is simple: his plan requires many Keatings and no Roarks. This is the two-pronged goal that he attempts to reach: destroy the independent thinkers like Roark, and, by convincing individuals to surrender their judgment and values, turn them into followers like Keating. A dictator requires a flock of sheep; he cannot hold power over a citizenry of independent men.
Toohey has a clear vision of his role in the collectivist state. He himself is not the brute of physical force who gains dominance by unleashing a reign of terror. His role, rather, is to be the intellectual advisor behind the throne. The brute will hold physical power over the masses, and Toohey will hold spiritual power over the brute. Toohey is a behind-the-scenes puppet master, who surreptitiously wields the real power — and this will be his place in the totalitarian state he seeks.

In direct contrast to Roark, Ellsworth Monkton Toohey embodies everything evil about mankind. He is irredeemably corrupt and evil. Whereas Roark never tries to win friends or influence people, Toohey’s power lies entirely in his ability to control weaker minds and souls. Toohey’s evil is as ingrained as Roark’s goodness—Toohey learns the practice of manipulation as a child, and turns it into an art by the time he graduates from college. By making people feel small and guilty, Toohey shakes their faith in their own abilities and then assumes control of their lives. Toohey preaches selflessness and ignorance of the ego to force people to act with humble mediocrity. Toohey has no talents of his own, so he makes himself excellent by grinding down his followers. His tactics frequently evoke those of Joseph Stalin, the former Russian revolutionary who emerged as Russia’s dictator.

https://www.cliffsnotes.com/literature/f/the-fountainhead/character-analysis/ellsworth-toohey

https://www.libertarianism.org/columns/ayn-rand-aristotle
https://campus.aynrand.org/campus/globals/transcripts/ellsworth-toohey


風琴馬鈴薯

http://tw.heaaart.com/post/35768

十病九寒,寒氣從何而來

一、熬出內寒
在中醫養生看來,子時覺至關重要,晚上十一點前要進入睡眠。因為子時這個時候陰氣盛到極點,有一點陽氣初生,所以這是陰陽交接班的時間,又是一點陽氣發芽的時候,只有在睡眠中才能順利進行。
如果此時不睡覺,即把陽氣之苗一棒子打死了,長此以往,陰盛則陽虛,陽虛則寒。

二、穿出內寒
短裙、露臍裝、露背裝…夠性感吧,也夠凍人。而且露的這幾個部位,偏偏是最怕受寒的。
肩關節、膝關節就不用說了,這都是人體薄弱之地,最受不得沾風寒受涼。更要命的是頸背和腰腹,小腹為元氣的中心,身之重地,腰為腎之府,頸背屬於一身陽經之總管——督脈的位置,這些地方露著,您不受寒才怪呢。

三、吃出內寒
一到夏天,雪糕、冰棍、冷飲,是多少人的最愛,更有甚者早上起來也是一大杯冰水,水果也是從冰箱裡拿出來就吃,就這樣,長期吃著吃著,內寒就吃出來了。

四、虛生內寒
內臟一虛,功能與活力下降,內寒就會叢生。加之現代人壓力大、生活節奏快,對身體正能量變本加厲地消耗。如果你還不注意養生,就會導致耗的遠遠大於養的,就導致內臟功能虛弱,內臟運轉慢就滋生出內寒了。

五、懶生內寒
動為陽,靜為陰,生命在於運動,只有常運動,氣血才能不淤不堵。而現代人最缺的就是這個,在家歇著,出門坐車,上班一坐坐一天,總不動,氣血運行就弱,體力就會下降,內臟功能減弱,則寒從內生。

六、外寒傷身
這個外寒就是指外環境的寒,比方說秋冬氣溫下降,天氣寒冷,您穿衣不注意,就容易感受風寒,但有意思的是,現代人其實更多是在夏天受的寒。
天熱呀,人體的毛孔張得較大,這是本能,要向外散熱,這毛孔張著,您呆在空調屋裡猛吹冷風,這時身體連個把門的都沒有,寒氣就大搖大擺地進入體內了。

The woman behind the sexual-assault survivor ‘bill of rights’

Sunday, November 20, 2016

「學術詐欺」撼動生技產業根基 郭明良撤兩篇論文花國家上億預算!

https://www.cmmedia.com.tw/home/articles/%E3%80%8C%E5%AD%B8%E8%A1%93%E8%A9%90%E6%AC%BA%E3%80%8D%E6%92%BC%E5%8B%95%E7%94%9F%E6%8A%80%E7%94%A2%E6%A5%AD%E6%A0%B9%E5%9F%BA-%E9%83%AD%E6%98%8E%E8%89%AF%E6%92%A4%E5%85%A9%E7%AF%87%E8%AB%96%E6%96%87%E8%8A%B1%E5%9C%8B%E5%AE%B6%E4%B8%8A%E5%84%84%E9%A0%90%E7%AE%97

Afraid of the past and the future

At the actual moment, as I am sitting here, I am not afraid; I am not afraid in the present, nothing is happening to me, nobody is threatening me or taking anything away from me. But beyond the actual moment there is a deeper layer in the mind that is consciously or unconsciously thinking of what might happen in the future or worrying that something from the past may overtake me. So I am afraid of the past and the future. I have divided time into the past and the future. Thought steps in, says, “Be careful it does not happen again”, or “Be prepared for the future. The future may be dangerous for you. You have got something now but you may lose it. You may die tomorrow, your wife may run away, you may lose your job. You may never become famous. You may be lonely. You want to be quite sure of tomorrow.” - Krishnamurti, Freedom from the Known, p 42

The flowering of the question

Thought and time are the two factors of fear. You cannot do anything about it. Don’t ask, “How am I to stop thinking?” It is too silly a question. Because you have got to think—to go from here to your house, to drive a car, to speak a language. But time may not be necessary at all psychologically, inwardly. So we are saying fear exists because of the two major factors of time and thought, in which is involved reward and punishment. Now, I have heard this statement made by you. And I have listened to it so immensely because it is a tremendous problem which man has not solved at all and which, therefore, is creating havoc in the world. I have listened to you, listened to the statement. And you have also told me: Don’t do anything about it; just put the question and live with it, as a woman bears the seed in her womb. So you have put the question. Let that question flower. In the flowering of that question, there is also the withering away of that question. It is not the flowering and then the ending—the very flowering is the ending. - Krishnamurti, That Benediction is Where You Are, pp 39-40

When thought realizes…

When thought realizes that it cannot possibly do anything about fear because it creates fear, then there is silence; then there is complete negation of any movement which breeds fear. - Krishnamurti, The Flight of the Eagle, p 71

Fear can be ended totally

The speaker is saying that fear can be totally ended. Don’t say, “It is for the illumined one” and all that nonsense. You can end it if you put your brain, your heart into it—completely, not partially. And then you will see for yourself what immense beauty there is in it; a sense of utter freedom—not freedom of a country or of some government, but the sense of the enormity of freedom, the greatness of freedom. Will you do it—today, now? From today, seeing the cause of fear, end it. As long as there is fear—biologically, physically, psychologically—it destroys us. So, if one may ask, after listening to this fact, not theory, what are you going to do? Time is the factor of fear and thought; so if you don’t change now, you won’t ever change. It is constant postponement. - Krishnamurti, The Last Talks, pp 42-43

Helping human consciousness to lessen fear

One has lived a so-called individualistic life, concerned about oneself and one’s problems. Those problems never end, they increase. One has lived that kind of life. One has been brought up, educated, conditioned to that kind of life. You come along as a friend; you say to me: “Look, your consciousness is not yours; you suffer as other people suffer.” I listen to it and I do not reject what you say, for it makes sense, it is sane and I see that in what you have told me, there can perhaps be peace in the world. And I say to myself: “Now, can I be free from fear?” I see that I am responsible, totally, for the whole consciousness. I see that when I am investigating fear I am helping the total human consciousness to lessen fear. - Krishnamurti, The Network of Thought, pp 70-71

為什麼世界科學家從未停止過對斷食(辟穀)的醫學研究

https://read01.com/kAem7j.html

Saturday, November 19, 2016

uses SEM in Monitoring & Evaluation

Any who uses SEM in applied settings for program evaluation settings may be interested to join The Evaluators’ Institute (TEI) on January 9-14 in southern California. for top-quality professional trainings in evaluation. Our faculty -- some of the most impactful presenters in the field – will offer a series of 2- and 3-day workshops that include how to present data effectively, how to judge outcomes, and other practical topics. The series also includes workshops beyond quantitative research for anyone wanting to broaden their skills into mixed methods.

For the full program, follow this link:

This series is perfect for the busy professional who wants to improve their skills and credentials. All workshops build towards certificates in evaluation.

“Early Bird” registration discounts are available for a limited time, so register soon!
Group discounts are also available.

Contact us at TEI@encompassworld.com for more details.

Paul Thomas, Development Manager for The Evaluators’ Institute
EnCompass LLC │ 1451 Rockville Pike, Suite 600, Rockville, MD 20852
Direct: +1 909-576-5441

Friday, November 18, 2016

about European Union visitors

I got this notice from google today:
European Union laws require you to give European Union visitors information about cookies used on your blog. In many cases, these laws also require you to obtain consent. 

Disclaimer: I have never asked or invited European Union visitors to this blog. 

退休計算機

http://retirement.prulife.com.tw/calc/index.aspx?utm_source=mrmarket&utm_term=KOLmrmarket

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Like holding a precious jewel

We can observe this fact together, that thought and time are the root of fear. Time and thought are the same, they are not two separate movements. See this fact, this actuality, that time and thought, time-thought, are the root of fear. Just observe it in yourself. Don’t move away from the reality, from the truth that fear is caused by time and thought. Hold it, remain with it, don’t run away from it. It is so. Then it is like holding a precious jewel in your hand. You see all the beauty of that jewel. Then you will see for yourself that fear psychologically completely ends. - Krishnamurti, Washington D.C. Talks, pp 29-30

This is what happens when you take Ayn Rand seriously

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/making-sense/column-this-is-what-happens-when-you-take-ayn-rand-seriously/

Tuesday, November 15, 2016

romanticism

  • the conceptual school of art
  • romanticism doesn't deal with the random trivia of the day, but with the timeless, fundamental, universal problems and values of human existence
  • romanticism doesn't concern with things as they are, but with things as they might be and ought to be
  • romanticism doesn't record or photograph, it creates and projects

Time and thought make fear

Time and thought make fear—time as yesterday, today and tomorrow; there is the fear that tomorrow something will happen—the loss of a job, death, that my wife or my husband will run away, that the disease and pain that I have had many days ago will come back again. This is where time comes in. Time, involving what my neighbor may say about me tomorrow, or time which up to now has covered up something which I did many years ago. I am afraid of some deep secret desires which might not be fulfilled. So time is involved in fear, fear of death which comes at the end of life, which may be waiting around the corner and I am afraid. So time involves fear and thought. There is no time if there is no thought. Thinking about that which happened yesterday, being afraid that it may happen again tomorrow—this is what brings about time as well as fear. - Krishnamurti, The Flight of the Eagle, pp 69-70

再生紙環保筆記本

http://www.chuyu-culture.com/shop/index.php?route=common/home

Checking account

 open up a completely new one
  • low required balance to qualify for free checking, no monthly fee
  • free checks and check writing
  • online access to your account statements and free online bill pay
  • insurance coverage of your deposits
  • non-interest-bearing: the actual interest rate you are paid on checking account tends to be really low compared to the interest rate you can earn from other types of bank accounts, e.g., saving account
  • keep your checking account balance as low as possible to over your bills and cash needs, and put all your extra money in a saving accounts
  • you keep money you need to cover your monthly spending (the cash you take out at ATM, the check you write to cover bills)
  • shop for a better checking account  http://www.bankrate.com/  click "checking and savings" search for the best bank deals in your area, click on the "compare rates" to find no-fee checking account
  • sign up for online bill payment (free service), pay your bills electronically and directly from your checking account

Saving account

  • look for free saving account, charge no fee
  • depending on where you open a saving account: at a bank, a mutual fund company, at a brokerage firm
  • restrict on the number of withdrawls you can make or a minimum withdrawal amount
  • money you need to have for emergency (unpected meidcal bills, lay off, split off ) belongs in a saving account where you can earn money
  • should cover at least 8 months of living expenses
  • if you and your partner have a common saving account (family fund), you also need to have your own saving account, 50/50 rule--if you have $200 to save every month, $100 goes into your own saving account, another $100 goes into the family fund
  • force yourself to save, save on autopilot ---authorize the bank where you have your checking account to acutomatically transfer money each month from the checking account into a saving account or money market account, it doesn't have to be at the same bank; you can choose the auto-polot option when you sign up for a saving account 

annual percentage yield (APY), get the highest APY
  • APY floats, rather than fixed. A financial institution can offer any APY, the rates can very widely from bank to bank. 
  • But all banks tend to follow the lead set by the Federal Reserve (US government's bank); Fed meet 8 times a year and decide if they want to raise, lower, or lever unchanged a key interest rate (Federal Funds Rate). 
  • Banks follow the Federal Reserve's lead. When the Federal Funds Rate rises, you typically see interest rates on saving/money market account rise. When the Federal Funds Rate falls, so will the interest rates on saving/money market account . Some financial institutions react instantly, others may make the adjustments monthly or quarterly. 
  • You need to know what the Federal Funds Rate is. Thus, a good saving rate should be right around that rate.
  • if your saving account interest rate is more than 0.75% below the  Federal Funds Rate, you should move your money to an account with a higher interest rate
  • for example, if Federal Funds Rate is 5.25 %, then a good saving account interest rate should be between 4.5% and 5% 
  • http://www.bankrate.com/  click "checking and savings" search for the best bank deals in your area, click on the "compare rates"
money market deposit account-- open with a brokerage firm, an account within an account (you first open a brokerage account, within it is a place to hold and save your money), the brokerage account that houses the money market account provides you with more options than just saving--you can buy various investments, eg.., stocks, bonds, mutual funds, CDs, or even gold

money market account -- open with a brokerage firm, an account within an account (you first open a brokerage account, within it is a place to hold and save your money), the brokerage account that houses the money market account provides you with more options than just saving--you can buy various investments, eg.., stocks, bonds, mutual funds, CDs, or even gold 
  • until you find a job that makes you happy, you shouldn't buy anything, because it is the down-payment money that you have in your savings account that would give you the freedom to make the move in pursuit of a job that you love
  • power doesn't come from relying on someone else to handle your money; it is created when you, and only you, take the initiative to learn about your money and to make sure that you have what you need
  • credit union--a financial institution that offers the same services as a traditional bank; the big difference is that it is a nonprofit supported by its members (the people who have accounts at the credit union).Each credit union has its own membership rules, e.g., just for schoolteachers i a particular district or school system, members of the military, professionals in the same field of practice
  • you need to have both saving and checking accounts

Cash-flow management 
  • a folder for ATM slips 
  • another folder for bills 
  • open and scan your bills and bank statements as they come in
  • Debits--all the money you take out of your account, e.g, every check you write 
  • Credits--all the money you deposit into your account
  • check extra fees you should not pay (fees or debits shown on your bank statements) -- ATM fees (for withdraw money), bounced-check fees (you write a check you can't cover, overdraft) 
  • verify all deposits and ATM withdraws
  • http://www.suzeorman.com/   a worksheet for tracking your cash



Women & Money: Owning the Power to Control Your Destiny
http://www.suzeorman.com/

Monday, November 14, 2016

重音

英語有三種 不同層次的「重音」: 1.「字重音」(word stress), 2.「複合名詞重音」(compound noun stress),  3.「句子音調」(sentence intonation)

「字重音」(word stress)
  • 每個字當中有一個 音節,要唸得比其他音節較「重」
  • 單音節的字,如果是實詞(名詞、動詞、 形容詞、部份副詞),整個字自然就會有重音。反而言之,虛詞(包括:冠詞、 介係詞、連接詞、代名詞、助動詞、be 動詞 、部份副詞,如 the, to, and, she, has, is, yesterday 等),單獨出現時也 可以唸出重音,但是在句子裡出現時, 通常是沒有重音的。
  • 依英語發音的規則,每個字當中有其中一個音節,要唸得比其他音節較「重」,也就是說:
  1. 音高(pitch, 明顯的較高或較低)
  2.  母音要唸得比較長
  3. 母音要唸得完整、清晰,不會唸做央音 schwa /ə/ (央音 schwa /ə/不會出現在有重音的音節裡)
  4. 音量較大一點
http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~karchung/pubs/72_hello_et.pdf
  • 因為英語的重音規則眾多且繁雜, 想知道哪一個音節有重音,套用重音規則不如查 字典
  • 遇到兩個音節的字,重音通常在第一個音節 ('plenty, 'fountain, 'careful, 'lightly) 但是動詞除外 (main'tain, pre'tend, re'sist)
  • 因為不容易預測重音會落在哪一個音節,記重音比較好的方式是---在背單字時,要同時留意每個單字的重音放在哪一個音節
  • 最好要聽音檔,不要靠一般字典裡的 KK 音標,因為還是會有標錯的地方 , 音標也無法將正確的音很完整的寫出來
  • 如果之前記錯 了某個單字的重音,別忘了在糾正後,要將音檔 多聽幾遍,建立聽覺記憶,也就是所謂的心裡「回 音」。同時把它寫下來,以便經常複習。
複合名詞重音
  • 兩個單純的名詞拼在一起構成 一 個 複 合 名 詞 (compound noun), 如 bookcase, classroom, telephone call 重音到底要怎麼放?
  • 複合名詞重音唸錯,有時就會變成完 全不同的意思,例如:'smoking room 是「吸煙 室」;如果唸做 'smoking 'room 兩個字都放重音 的話,意思是「失火冒煙的房間」。這可能會導 致一個蠻嚴重的誤會
  • Combination of two (or more) nouns in which the former modifies the latter; the noun being modified is NOT stressed.
  • .(當形容詞用的)名詞 +(被修飾的)名詞 = 複合名詞, 被修飾的名詞沒有重音,有修飾功能的名詞保留 它原有的重音--'coffee cup 咖啡杯    ex'tension cord 延長線    'water bottle 水瓶    'furniture business 傢俱公司    'eye lash 眼睫毛    'management expert 管理專家 'brain power 腦力   'radio station 廣播電台   'Web page 網頁   'work environment 工作環境    'Taiwan Uni'versity 'Hospital Station(Station沒有重 音)。
  • 被修飾的那個字完全沒有重音,要用低平調來唸
  1. 例外特殊情形 : 如果第一個名詞是第二個名詞的主要原料或成份 (material or ingredient) 時,兩個詞都保留其 原有的重音。 例詞: 'beef 'stew 燉牛肉   'paper 'airplane 紙飛機  'clay 'pot 陶鍋   'chocolate 'cake 巧克力蛋糕   'apple 'pie 蘋果派    'glass 'door 玻璃門   'brick 'wall 磚牆   'cardboard 'box 紙箱    'metal 'ring    鐵圈    'plastic 'bottle 塑膠瓶
  2. 例外特殊情形: 如果第一個名詞是個時間或空間單位(時間單位通常只包括專有名詞,如 Saturday)或是某一 種組織的話,兩個字也還是維持其原來的重音。 例詞: 'Monday 'night星期一晚上(Monday是時間單位)  'kitchen 'sink廚房裡的水槽 (kitchen是空間單位)  'world 'leader 世界領袖(world 是空間單位)  'family 'meeting 家庭會議(family 是一種組織)  'class 'secretary 服務股長(class 是一種組織)  'bedroom 'window 臥房裡的窗戶(bedroom 是空間單位)

一般形容詞 + 名詞的重音規則 (Adjective + Noun Phrasal Stress Rules)
  • 後面的名詞則要唸出 它原來該有的重音(例如:'beautiful 'day 而不是 'beautiful day) 'red bal'loon 紅色的氣球    'loud 'noise 很吵的聲音    'cloudy 'sky 多雲的天空    'long 'novel 很長的小說    'instant 'coffee 即溶咖啡     'complicated expla'nation 複雜的解釋 
  • 特殊情形---有一種類型的<形容詞 + 名詞> 用的卻是複合名詞的重音,也算是複合詞的一 種。這種詞都有一個特別的意思,並非直接用 形容詞加上名詞原來的意思可以想得出來的, 所以需要特別收錄在字典裡,最常見的例子就 是 hot dog。雖然中文直接把它譯為「熱狗」, 但它並不是一種動物,也不一定熱。這種詞的重音跟前文所介紹的複合名詞重音是一樣的, 被修飾的名詞,也就是後面的字,是沒有重音的。hot dog 一詞的正確唸法是 'hot dog,如 果唸做 'hot 'dog 意思就是「感到很熱的一隻 狗」,也有「很棒!」的意思。同樣,「黑板」 一 詞 要 唸 'blackboard, 如 果 唸 'black 'board 意思就是「黑色的板子」,而不是「黑板」。 'greenhouse 是「溫室」,'green 'house 是「綠 色的房子」;'darkroom 是洗照片用的暗房, 'dark 'room 是缺乏光線的房間;'highchair 是 嬰兒用的高腳椅,'high 'chair 是座位較高的普 通椅子⋯⋯等等。

http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~karchung/pubs/73_hello_et.pdf

http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~karchung/pubs/72_hello_et.pdf

書本因水皺巴巴

http://www.twgreatdaily.com/cat42/node1336903

the feminine mystique


  • the only way for a woman, as for a man, to find herself, to know herself as a person, is by creative work of her own.
  • women who do not look for jobs equal to their actual capacity, who do not let themselves develop the lifetime interests and goals which require serious education and training, who take a job just to kill extra time are walking to a nonexistent future, just as the ones who stay inside the housewife trap
  • a job or work she can take seriously as part of a life plan, work in which she can grow as part of society (not necessary a real job or career)
  • find identity only in work that is of value to society; work for which our society pays
  • being paid implies a definite commitment
  • for a woman of intelligence, community work/service is not enough
  • need to have some ultimate objective, long-term goals to keep you going
  • community activities are short-term goals, you do a project, it's done; then you have to hunt for another one

Sunday, November 13, 2016

The mind is an attribute of the individual, not of the collective.

The mind is an attribute of the individual. There is no such thing as a collective brain. There is no such thing as a collective thought. An agreement reached by a group of men is only a compromise or an average drawn upon many individual thoughts. It is a secondary consequence. The primary act—the process of reason—must be performed by each man alone.

The Fountainhead by Ayn Rand

Fountainhead

  • individualism and collectivism within man's soul
  • the nature and function of the creator and the second-hander
  • what Roark is, his/her charater/nature is the main focus of this book --Roark (who moves the world), Keatings feed upon on Roark and hate Roark for it; Tooheys/collectivist are out consciously to destroy Roark
  • the relations to each other is secondary in this book, Roark's relation the world is not the theme of this book
  • how viciously the world treats Roark and why
  • subjectivist--originate or create nothing, are profoundly selfless, struggle to fill the void of the egos they do not possess, by means of the only form of self-assertiveness they recognize : defiance for the sake of defiance, irrationality for the sake of irrationality, destruction for the sake of destruction, whims for the sake of whims
  • one can't give up the world to those one despises
  • the projection of am ideal man --- Roark
  • portrayal of moral ideal
  • pursue the values for the sake of your own happiness
  • a book is addressed to any reader who proves worthy of it
  • it does not matter that only a few in each generation will grasp and achieve the full reality of man's proper statue---and that the rest will betray it. It is those few that move the world and give life its meaning---and it is those few that I have always sought to address. The rest are no concern of mine; it is not me or the Fountainhead that they will betray; it is their own souls.
  • Exaltation comes from the consciousness of being guiltless, of seeing the truth and achieving it, of living up to one's highest possibility, of knowing no shame and having no cause for shame, of being able to stand naked in full sunlight, Exaltation means joy and that joy is man's birthright. 
  • I can accept anything, except what seems to be the easiest for most people: the halfway, the almost, the just-about, the in-between 
  • the ability to say yes or no is the essence of full ownership. it is your ownership of your own ego. your soul, if you wish. you soul has a single basic function--the act of valuing. yes or no, i wish or i don't wish. you can't say yes without say I. there is no affirmation without the one who affirms. in this sense, everything to which you grant  your love is yours 
  • the meaning of life is your work, the material the earth offers you and what you make of it
  • I work because it is a problem I want to solve.
  • You don't think through another's brain and you don't work through another's hands. When you suspend your faculty of independent judgment, you suspend consciousness. To stop consciousness is to stop life.
  • It is easy to run to others. It is hard to stand on one's own record.You can fake virtue for an audience. You can't fake it in your own eyes.
  • that is what i want because I want it, not because it makes my neighbors gape at me
  • every form of happiness is private. our greatest moments are personal, self-motivated, not to be touched. the things which are sacred or precious to us are the things we withdraw from promiscuous sharing
  • self-sufficiency for man's spirit
  • if one doesn't respect oneself, one can have neither love nor respect for others
  • just listen to any prophet and if you hear him speak of sacrifice---run away 
  • where there is sacrifice, there is someone collecting sacrificial offerings
  • where there is sacrifice, there is someone being served
  • the man who speaks to you of sacrifice, speaks of salves and masters, and intends to be the master
  • the man who is not after your soul---a man who tell you that you must be happy, it is your natural right, that your first duty is to yourself
  • no creator is prompted by a desire to serve his brothers, for his brothers reject the gift he offers and that gift destroy the slothful routine of their lives
  • a creator's truth is his only motive, his own truth, his own work to achieve it in his own way
  • the creation, not its users; the creation, not the benefits others derived from the creation; the creation which gives form to his truth; he holds his truth above all things and against all men
  • his vision, his strength, his courage come from his own spirit; a man's spirit is his self. that is, his consciousness, to think, to feel, to judge, to act are functions of the ego
  • self-sufficient, self-motivated, self-generated
  • creator serves nothing and no on, he lives for himself
  • only by living for himself is he able to achieve the things which are the glory of mankind, such is the nature of achievement
  • the function of his reasoning mind
  • the mind is an attribute of the individual. there is no such thing as a collective brain, no such thing as a collective thought
  • an agreement reached by a group of men is only a compromise or an average drawn upon many individual thoughts, it is a secondary consequence; the primary act---the process of reason---must be performed by each man alone.
  • creative faculty can't be given or received, shared, or borrowed; it belongs to single individual man; that which it creates is the property of the creator
  • no man can give another the capacity to think, yet that capacity is our only means of survival
  • man survives through only one of the two ways--- (1)by the independent work of his own mind, or (2) as a parasite fed by the minds of others
  • the creator--- originates, conquest of nature, live for his work, need no other men, his primary goal is within himself, basic need is independence (not work under any form of compulsion, all relations with men are secondary)
  • the parasite --- borrows, conquest of men, live second-hand, needs other men, others become his prime motive, basic need is to secure his ties with other men in order to be fed (place relations first, declare that man exists in order to serve others, preach altruism)
  • no man can live for another
  • the man who attempts to live for others is a dependent. is a parasite in motive and make parasites of those he serves, the relationship produces nothing but mutual corruption
  • the man who live to serve others is the slave
  • men have been taught that the highest virtue is not to achieve, but to give; yet one can't give that which has not been created
  • the creator is not concerned with suffering, but with life
  • the creator is the man who disagrees with others, goes against currents, stand alone

Roark, creator, prime mover
  • Dean of Staton: who will let you? Roard: That is not the point. The point is, who will stop me?
  • 60 years to live. Most of that time will be spent working. If I find no joy in it, then I'm only condemning myself to 60 years of torture. I can find the joy only if I do my work in the best way possible to me. The best is a matter of standards.I set my own standards. I inherit nothing. I stand at the end of no tradition. I may stand at the beginning of one. 
  • Dean of Staton: How do you propose to force your ideas one them? Roark: I don't propose to force or be forced. Those who want me will come to me.
  • I don't intend to build in order to serve or help anyone. I don't intend to build in order to have clients. I intend to have clients in order to build. 
  • I don't care whether you agree with me or not. I don't care even to make others to think as I do.
  • Never ask people.  Not about your work. Don't you know what you want? How can you  stand it, not to know?"
  • How can you let others decide for you.
  • Roark's fundamental indifference. In the deeper reality of Roark's existence, there was no consciousness of others, no need for others, no appeal, no demand. Ask nothing of others and grant others nothing. 
  • Roark has no desire to come to others' attentions. 
  • ask nothing, expect nothing, depend on nothing
  • I don't like people who have to be handled.
  • don't ask others to tell you what you are when they see you
  • Mr. Janss: I guess that is what the public wants. Roark: Why do you suppose they want it? Why should you care what they want? Most people take most things because that is what's give them, and they have no opinion whatsoever. Do you wish to be guided by what they expect you to think they think or by your judgement?
  • men should seek the best, the unrecognized genius
  • Toohey: why don't you tell me what you think of me? Roark: I don't think of you.
  • I breathe for me own necessity, for the fuel of my body, for me survival, I've given you, not my sacrifice or my pity, but my ego and my naked need.
  • We live in our minds. Existence if the attempt to bring that life into physical reality. A house a person owns is a statement of his life.
  • I hate incompetence. It is the only thing I hate. But it didn't make me want to rule people. Nor to teach them anything. It made me want to do my own work in my own way and let myself be torn to pieces if necessary.
  • whatever we do, don't let's talk about the poor people in the slums. before you can do things for people, you must be the kind of man who can get things done. To get things done, you must love the doing, not the secondary consequences. The work, not the people. 
  • not at the expense of other men
  • the rich/the competent is penalized in favor of the one who is less competent
  • Roark doesn't believe in government housing.
  • my end is the work itself, my work done my way
  • I never think of myself in relation to anyone else. I refuse to measure myself as part of anything.
  • man can't be affected by the approval of others, he doesn't need it
  • base self-respect on personal standards of personal achievement
  • there is no substitute for competence (it is simple to seek easy substitutes for competence, e.g., love, charm, kindness, charity
  • I don't decide for others.
  • deman a certain quality in the person i like, the only quality i respect in men, i chose my friends by that quality---a self-sufficient ego
  • I like you, for reasons and standards of my own, i could die for you, but I can't life for you
Seconder-hander
  • live second -hand
  • have no self, live within others
  • to show, to stun, to entertain, to impress others
  • act to be noticed, liked, admired by others, at the price of their own self-respect, they place others above self
  • greatness, in other people's eyes. fame, admiration, envy---sall that which comes from others
  • others dictate his convictions, which he didn't hold, but he was satisfied that others believe he held them
  • others are his motive power and his prime concern
  • he doesn't want to be great, but to be thought great
  • cheats and lies, but preserve a respectable front
  • He knows himself to be dishonest, but others think he is honest and he derives his self-respect from that
  • the man who takes credit for an achievement which is not his own, he knows himself to be mediocre, but he is great in the eyes of others
  • the frustrated wretch who profess love for the inferior and clings to those less endowed, in order to establish his own superiority by comparison
  • the man whose sole aim is to make money
  • a lecturer who spouts some borrowed rehash of nothing at all that means nothing at all to him
  • the people who listen and don't give a damn, but sit there in order to tell their friends that they have attended a lecture by a famous name
  • have no concerns for facts, ideas, work; they are concerned only with people
  • don't ask "is this true?" instead, ask" is this what others think is true?"
  • not to judge, but to repeat
  • not to do, but to give the impression of doing
  • not creation, but show
  • not ability, but friendship
  • have no sense of reality, reality is not within them, but somewhere in that space which divides one human body from another, not an entity, but a relation--anchored to nothing
  • second-handers need ties. they have got to force their miserable little personalities on every single person they meet
  • the independent man kills second-handers, because second-handers don't exist within the independent man, and this is the only form of existence the second-handers know 
  • second-handers seek themselves in others, yet no man can achieve the kind of absolute humility that would need no self-esteem in any form, he wouldn't survive
  • seek self-esteem from others
  • all his wishes, efforts, dreams ambitions are motivated by other men
  • struggle for prestige, a stamp of approval from others, not his own
  • find no joy in the struggle for prestige and no joy when he has succeeded
  • place your prime concern within other men
  • worst second-handers--- man who goes after power
  • all were united as brothers in the luxury of common anger that cured boredom and took them out of themselves, and they knew well enough what a blessing it was to be taken out of themselves (becase they have no self)
  • a world where the thought of each man will not be his own, but an attempt to guess the thoughts in the brain of his neighbor who has no thought of his own but an attempt to guess the thought of the next neighbor who has not thought....and so on
  • his own pain borne for the sake of others or pain inflicted upon others for the sake of self


Atlas Shrugged

  •  the situation where the most important productive people in the world refuse to work ( go on strike ).
  • the nature of altruism, its consequences and the enormity of the moral corruption it perpetrates
  • social novel
  • relation
  • the world is moved by creators
  • how second-handers live on the creators
  • how desperately the world needs prime movers, how viciously the world treats prime movers
  • what happens to the world without prime movers
  • the world's story -- world's (body) relation to its prime movers (heart)
  • what happens when prime movers don't do
  • why the prime moves allow the second-handers to live on them 
  • why creators had not gone on strike througout history
  • what errors do the best creators make that keep them in thrall to the worst (Dagny Taggart, railroad heiress declaring war on the strikers, she refuses to join the strike), Dagny Taggart's errors (the kind of errors individualist and creator often make)
  1. over-optimism--she thinks men are better than they actually are, she doesn't really understand men and is too generous about it
  2. over-confidence--she thinks she can do more than an individual actually can; she thinks she can run a railroad (or the world) single-handed; she can make people do what she want or needs,what is right, by the sheer force of her own talent; she will show then how; she can teach them and persuade them; she is so able that they will catch it from her --- a mistaken faith in other people's rationality, mistakenly believe that others are better than they really are (or will become better, or she will teach them to become better, or actully, she so desperately wants then to be better), thus to be tied to the world by that (wrong) hope
  3. don't attempt to be the spark of initiative for the collective
  4. don't attempt to be the bearer of responsibility for a whole collective
  • Reason is not automatic; those people who deny it can't be conquered by it; don't count on those people; leave them alone
  • errors individualist and creator often make--- to be optimistic, since the creator believes in a benevolent universe and functions on that premise, but it is an error to extend that optimism to other specific men --- this is not necessary, because
  1. the creator's life and the nature of the universe don't require, his life doesn't depend on others
  2. man is a being with free will, thus, each man is potentially good or evil, and it's up to him and only to him (through his own reasoning mind), to decide which he wants to be, this decision will affect only him; it is not (can't not, should not be) the primary concern of any other human being

  • don't worship mankind (as a collective)
  • man, at his highest potential, is realized and fulfilled within each creator himself; whether the creator is alone, of finds only a handful of others like him, or is among the majority of mankind, if of no importance or consequences whatever, numbers have nothing to do with it 
  • it should not matter to a creator whether anyone or a million or all the men around him fall short of the ideal of man--- let him live up to that ideal himself, this is all the optimism about man that he needs
  • it is proper for a creator to have an unlimited confidence in himself and his ability, to feel certain that he can get anything he wishes out of life, that he can accomplish anything he decides to accomplish, and that it is up to him to do it (he feels it because he is a man of reason)
  • But the creator must clearly in mind:
  1. don't place his wish primarily within others
  2. don't attempt or desire anything that is of a collective nature, anything that concerns others primarily or requires primarily the exercise of the will of others
  3. if the creator attempt the above, he is out of a creator's province and in that of the collectivist and second-hander
  4. must never feel confident that he can do anything whatever to, by or through others --- he can't, should not even wish to try it, the mere attempt is improper
  5. must not think that he can somehow transfer his energy and intelligence to others and make them fit for his purposes in that way

  • the creator must face other men as they are, recognizing them as essentially independent entities, by nature, and beyond his primary influence
  • the creator must deal with others only on his own, independent terms, deal with such as he judges can fit his purpose or live up to his standards (by themselves and of their own will, independently of him), and expect nothing from others



小蘇打+白醋,DIY清潔洗衣機

http://www.commonhealth.com.tw/article/article.action?nid=62590

柑橘清潔劑

http://blog.wonderfulfood.com.tw/2016/01/29/%E6%B0%B4%E7%85%AE%E6%9F%B3%E4%B8%81%E7%9A%AE%E5%81%9A%E6%B8%85%E6%BD%94%E5%8A%91%EF%BC%8C%E5%8A%A0%E4%BA%86%E9%80%99%E4%B8%80%E5%8C%99%E6%9B%B4%E5%8E%BB%E6%B1%A1/

http://lorina.pixnet.net/blog/post/44525926

Meet the Minnesota 9-year-old destined to be a Buddhist spiritual leader

Saturday, November 12, 2016

英文自然發音法 English Phonics 周育如 之 自然發音 與 KK 音標 教學

英語語音學

英語語音學 (含發音練習) 一

http://ocw.aca.ntu.edu.tw/ntu-ocw/index.php/ocw/cou/101S102

  1. 單元 1.Class Overview



英語語音學 (含發音練習) 二

http://ocw.aca.ntu.edu.tw/ntu-ocw/index.php/ocw/cou/101S213

Ladefoged, Peter & Keith Johnson. 2011. A Course in Phonetics. 6th ed. International Student Edition. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. 322pp. Paper; includes CD-ROM.
文鶴 (金山南路二段 200 號 8 樓).  

to learn about major branches of linguistics and to know what phonetics is 
https://www.speechandhearing.net/entrance/introduction.php#Linguistics

NTU instructor
http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~karchung/
http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~karchung/Karen/Karen_Chung_publications.htm#CET

free English writing classes

http://ocw.aca.ntu.edu.tw/ntu-ocw/index.php/ocw/cou/102S212

https://ocw.mit.edu/index.htm

Longman Academic Writing Series 4: Essays (5th Edition) 5th Editionby Alice Oshima  (Author), Ann Hogue

活用學術字彙: 跨出論文寫作的第一步


活用文法結構:捷進學術英文寫作關鍵

free French classes

 http://ocw.aca.ntu.edu.tw/ntu-ocw/index.php/ocw/cou/101S103

Friday, November 11, 2016

Trump’s Infrastructure Investment Plan Evokes Ayn Rand

http://www.wsj.com/video/trumps-infrastructure-investment-plan-evokes-ayn-rand/09F2FC66-0DD3-4755-A7E3-80D1BA69CD6C.html

Thursday, November 10, 2016

別再「水洗生雞肉」了

不建議在烹飪之前用水清洗生雞肉,因為生雞肉汁上有沙門氏桿菌,可以傳播到其他食物與器皿上。當誤碰觸,或不小心誤食下肚,就有可能感染,影響健康。所以,料理生雞肉的安全方法,最好直接放在水中加熱,再進行其他料理。

http://www.msn.com/zh-tw/health/topic/%E9%98%BF%E6%AF%8D%EF%BC%8C%E5%88%A5%E5%86%8D%E3%80%8C%E6%B0%B4%E6%B4%97%E7%94%9F%E9%9B%9E%E8%82%89%E3%80%8D%E4%BA%86%EF%BC%81%E9%A1%8F%E5%AE%97%E6%B5%B7%E9%80%992%E7%A8%AE%E7%B4%B0%E8%8F%8C%E7%8B%A0%E8%A7%92%E8%89%B2/ar-AAk4vIJ?li=BBqiNIb

Tuesday, November 08, 2016

排寒第一定理:有一分寒氣,就有一分蒸汗(上)

http://blog.udn.com/mobile/rubyskylark/80899336


  • 發汗排寒最可怕的,是毛細孔打開碰到風,寒氣就會進來,就很容易招惹新寒氣
  • 陽氣才夠把那些寒氣,以汗的型式化掉
  • 番茄很寒,就算煮過也很寒, 燉一鍋番茄,吃了真的很寒,生一堆痰
  • 身體很柔軟,就是很鬆。 排寒排掉了就會鬆。 
  • 有人從腸胃道排,服溫藥,本能止瀉,卻有人服之大瀉,這是體內「冰山」溶解,且不足為奇。有人從皮膚排,各類形色不一的皮膚病,令人痛苦萬狀,只能消解,讓寒氣排空,一層排完又一層浮上來,多排幾次,總有排到比較乾淨之時。重點是遵12字箴言,加強保暖,新寒不入,舊寒陳寒底層寒,多排幾次,總有排清的時候。 
  • 至於從上呼吸道排,以流汗方式排,這是較常見的管道,尤其流汗或發燒,其實是相較痛苦較少的排寒方式。偏就有人瘀寒嚴重,只從單一管道排,如某位眼睛開過雷射、長種假睫毛的病人,來診時並非主訴眼疾,只是「不流汗、便秘、痛經......」,一服藥啟動排寒機制,卻完全從眼睛排,所有的壓力源全集中在眼睛,這真是令人崩潰。 
  • 遇到這種寒氣單從最脆弱處排出的狀況,必須立即停藥,另闢蹊徑,將病氣引開,改道而行。此時只餘小劑維持體氣或用外治手法即可。
  • 進冷氣房之前一定圍條毛巾在脖子上、戴帽子保護自己。
  • 睡覺時盜汗,有可能是排寒,不是盜汗
  • 盜汗跟排寒的差異在於,汗後是否會有明顯的虛感...用在腹瀉上也是,排寒的腹瀉之後不太會虛
  • 當身體微恙,便勤加泡腳排寒(例每日)
  • 泡腳,有時才泡一會兒,全身便汗如雨下,有時泡超過半小時,水溫再高也沒什麼汗出
  • 止汗劑和除臭劑,根本不能碰
  • 夏天流汗反而是幫助身體排除冬天累積的風寒,讓身體能正常運作
  • 無所不在的冷氣,尤其百貨公司、餐廳、大眾交通運輸工具。捷運尤其冷
  • 吹冷氣狂冒汗,在排寒
  • 泡澡水裡會加老薑跟桂枝,每次泡完澡,必定大汗淋漓三天,半夜睡覺像是泡在水裡似的,得一直起來換下溼透的衣服
  • 抽筋因寒而起





OBHRM--研究量表

http://www.obhrm.net/index.php/%E5%88%86%E7%B1%BB:%E7%A0%94%E7%A9%B6%E9%87%8F%E8%A1%A8

Monday, November 07, 2016

河北‧台北

http://www.msn.com/zh-tw/news/living/%E7%88%B6%E8%A6%AA%E8%A2%AB%E9%96%8B%E8%85%B8%E5%89%96%E8%82%9A%EF%BC%8C%E4%B9%9F%E5%8F%AA%E8%83%BD%E8%B6%B4%E8%91%97%E7%B5%A6%E4%BA%BA%E7%A3%95%E9%A0%AD%E2%80%A6%E5%A5%B9%E8%8A%B115%E5%B9%B4%EF%BC%8C%E6%8B%8D%E4%B8%8B%E5%8F%B0%E7%81%A3%E5%B9%B4%E8%BC%95%E4%BA%BA%E4%B8%8D%E6%87%82%E7%9A%84%E6%9C%80%E7%97%9B%E8%A8%98%E6%86%B6/ar-AAjZqiK?li=BBqiNIb

Why smart people tend to be loners: Having lots of friends and socialising makes intelligent people miserable

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3504132/Why-smart-people-tend-loners-Having-lots-friends-socialising-makes-intelligent-people-miserable.html

Sunday, November 06, 2016

ethics

  • What is morality, or ethics? It is a code of values to guide man’s choices and actions—the choices and actions that determine the purpose and the course of his life. Ethics, as a science, deals with discovering and defining such a code. 
  • three major schools of ethical theory, the mystic, the social, the subjective---In content, they are merely variants of altruism, the ethical theory which regards man as a sacrificial animal, which holds that man has no right to exist for his own sake, that service to others is the only justification of his existence, and that self-sacrifice is his highest moral duty, virtue and value. The differences occur only over the question of who is to be sacrificed to whom. Altruism holds death as its ultimate goal and standard of value—and it is logical that renunciation, resignation, self-denial, and every other form of suffering, including self-destruction, are the virtues it advocates. And, logically, these are the only things that the practitioners of altruism have achieved and are achieving now. --- three schools of ethical theory are anti-life
The mystic theory of ethics is explicitly based on the premise that the standard of value of man’s ethics is set beyond the grave, by the laws or requirements of another, supernatural dimension, that ethics is impossible for man to practice, that it is unsuited for and opposed to man’s life on earth, and that man must take the blame for it and suffer through the whole of his earthly existence, to atone for the guilt of being unable to practice the impracticable. The Dark Ages and the Middle Ages are the existential monument to this theory of ethics.
The social theory of ethics substitutes “society” for God—and although it claims that its chief concern is life on earth, it is not the life of man, not the life of an individual, but the life of a disembodied entity, the collective, which, in relation to every individual, consists of everybody except himself. As far as the individual is concerned, his ethical duty is to be the selfless, voiceless, rightless slave of any need, claim or demand asserted by others. The motto “dog eat dog”—which is not applicable to capitalism nor to dogs—is applicable to the social theory of ethics. The existential monuments to this theory are Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia

The subjectivist theory of ethics is, strictly speaking, not a theory, but a negation of ethics. And more: it is a negation of reality, a negation not merely of man’s existence, but of all existence. Only the concept of a fluid, plastic, indeterminate, Heraclitean universe could permit anyone to think or to preach that man needs no objective principles of action—that reality gives him a blank check on values—that anything he cares to pick as the good or the evil, will do—that a man’s whim is a valid moral standard, and that the only question is how to get away with it. The existential monument to this theory is the present state of our culture

The Virtue of Selfishnesss

  • man should not live for the collective
  • man should live for his own sake and by his own mind (his perception of reality, his understanding, his judgment, refuse to sacrifice to the unproved assertions of others, fact-centered, intellectual independence)
  • men who reject the responsbility of thoughts and reason, can exist only as parasites on the thinking of others
  • I believe it because I see in reason that it is true
  • man should not sacrifices himself to others, nor sacrifices others to himself
  • man deals with other men as a trader, as a producer
  • independence 
  • self-reliance
  • when one enters any intellectual battle, one can't seek, desire, or expect the enemy's sanction. Truth or falsehood must be one's sole concern and sole criterion of judgment, not anyone's approval or disapproval
  • Ethics is an objective necessity of man’s survival.
  • Objectivist ethics advocates and upholds rational selfishness—which means: the values required for human survival—not the values produced by the desires, the feelings, the whims or the needs of irrational brutes, who have never outgrown the primordial practice of human sacrifices.
  • ethics of rational self-interest challenges the altruist-collectivist fashions--the underlying theme of her famous novels. 
  • selfishness only means: concern with one’s own interests --- which is fine
  • concern with his own interests is the essence of a moral existence, and that man must be the beneficiary of his own moral actions
  • Since all values have to be gained and/or kept by men’s actions, any breach between actor and beneficiary necessitates an injustice: the sacrifice of some men to others, of the actors to the nonactors, of the moral to the immoral. Nothing could ever justify such a breach, and no one ever has.
  • actor must always be the beneficiary of his action and that man must act for his own rational self-interest
  •  a rational, objectively demonstrated and validated code of moral principles which define and determine his actual self-interest, not a license “to do as he pleases”; man’s self-interest cannot be determined by blind desires or random whims, but must be discovered and achieved by the guidance of rational principles. This is why the Objectivist ethics is a morality of rational self-interest—or of rational selfishness
  • The standard by which one judges what is good or evil—is man’s life, or: that which is required for man’s survival qua man.
  • man’s life as the standard of value—and his own life as the ethical purpose of every individual man.  the life he has to live is his own
  • Man must choose his actions, values and goals by the standard of that which is proper to man—in order to achieve, maintain, fulfill and enjoy that ultimate value, that end in itself, which is his own life.
  • 3 values,the means to and the realization of one’s ultimate value, one’s own life—Reason, Purpose, Self-Esteem, with their three corresponding virtues: Rationality, Productiveness, Pride 
  • Productive work is the central purpose of a rational man’s life. Reason is the source, the precondition of his productive work—pride is the result.
  • Rationality is man’s basic virtue, the source of all his other virtues. Man’s basic vice, the source of all his evils, is the act of unfocusing his mind, the suspension of his consciousness, which is not blindness, but the refusal to see, not ignorance, but the refusal to know. 
  • life is an end in itself, so every living human being is an end in himself, not the means to the ends or the welfare of others
  • man must live for his own sake, neither sacrificing himself to others nor sacrificing others to himself
  • To live for his own sake means that the achievement of his own happiness is man’s highest moral purpose.
  • Happiness is that state of consciousness which proceeds from the achievement of one’s values. If a man values productive work, his happiness is the measure of his success in the service of his life.
  • It is only by accepting “man’s life” as one’s primary and by pursuing the rational values it requires that one can achieve happiness—not by taking “happiness” as some undefined, irreducible primary and then attempting to live by its guidance. 
  • If you achieve that which is the good by a rational standard of value, it will necessarily make you happy; but that which makes you happy, by some undefined emotional standard, is not necessarily the good. To take “whatever makes one happy” as a guide to action means: to be guided by nothing but one’s emotional whims.  
  • The task of ethics is to define man’s proper code of values and thus to give him the means of achieving happiness. 

Ethics, Values
  • What is morality, or ethics? It is a code of values to guide man’s choices and actions—the choices and actions that determine the purpose and the course of his life. Ethics, as a science, deals with discovering and defining such a code. 
  •  In ethics, one must begin by asking: What are values? Why does man need them?
  • “Value” is that which one acts to gain and/or keep. The concept “value” is not a primary; it presupposes an answer to the question: of value to whom and for what? It presupposes an entity capable of acting to achieve a goal in the face of an alternative. Where no alternative exists, no goals and no values are possible.
  • Value is that which one acts to gain and/or keep—virtue is the act by which one gains and/or keeps it.
  • It is only an ultimate goal (Life), an end in itself, that makes the existence of values possible. 
  • living entities exist and function necessitates the existence of values and of an ultimate value which for any given living entity is its own life
  • The fact that a living entity is, determines what it ought to do. Who/What you are detemines what you ought to do. 
Values, Conceptualization, Reason
  • Man’s actions and survival require the guidance of conceptual values derived from conceptual knowledge. But conceptual knowledge cannot be acquired automatically.
  • the process of integrating percepts into concepts—the process of abstraction and of concept-formation—is not automatic, as animals
  • The process of concept-formation consists of a method of using one’s consciousness, best designated by the term “conceptualizing.” The faculty that directs this process, the faculty that works by means of concepts, is: reason.  The process is thinking.
  • Reason is the faculty that identifies and integrates the material provided by man’s senses. It is a faculty that man has to exercise by choice. Thinking is not an automatic function. In any hour and issue of his life, man is free to think or to evade that effort. Thinking requires a state of full, focused awareness.
  • a focused mind is conscious-- a consciousness which is aware of reality and able to deal with it, a consciousness able to direct the actions and provide for the survival of a human being
  •  For man, the basic means of survival is reason.
  • Man has to initiate a process of thought, to sustain it and to bear responsibility for its results. He has to discover how to tell what is true or false and how to correct his own errors; he has to discover how to validate his concepts, his conclusions, his knowledge; he has to discover the rules of thought, the laws of logic, to direct his thinking. 
  • Everything he needs or desires has to be learned, discovered and produced by him—by his own choice, by his own effort, by his own mind.
  • He is free to evade reality, he is free to unfocus his mind and stumble blindly down any road he pleases, but not free to avoid the abyss he refuses to see.
  • Man is free to choose not to be conscious, but not free to escape the penalty of unconsciousness: destruction.
  • What, then, are the right goals for man to pursue? What are the values his survival requires? That is the question to be answered by the science of ethics. And this, ladies and gentlemen, is why man needs a code of ethics.
  •  Ethics is an objective, metaphysical necessity of man’s survival—not by the grace of the supernatural nor of your neighbors nor of your whims, but by the grace of reality and the nature of life.
  • A code of values accepted by choice is a code of morality.
  • The standard by which one judges what is good or evil—is man’s life, or: that which is required for man’s survival qua man.
  • Everything man needs has to be discovered by his own mind and produced by his own effort, the two essentials of the method of survival proper to a rational being are: thinking and productive work.
  • mental parasites --- Some men do not choose to think, but survive by imitating and repeating sth they learned from others, never making an effort to do their own work; these parasites' survival is made possible only by those who did choose to think and to the real work. These parasites' survival depends on blind chance; their unfocused minds are unable to know whom to imitate, who is safe to follow. These parasite are the men who march into the abyss, trailing after any destroyer who promises these parasites to assume the responsibility these parasites evade: the responsibility of being conscious.
  • If some men attempt to survive by means of brute force or fraud, by looting, robbing, cheating or enslaving the men who produce, it still remains true that their survival is made possible only by their victims, only by the men who choose to think and to produce the goods which the looters are seizing. Such looters are parasites incapable of survival, who exist by destroying those who are capable, those who are pursuing a course of action proper to man.
  • Looters/parasites reject reason and count on productive men to serve as their prey. Such looters may achieve their goals for the range of a moment, at the price of destruction: the destruction of their victims and their own. --- as any criminal or any dictatorship; However, Man cannot survive by acting on the range of the moment.
altruism--its weakness 
  • For a view of the nature of altruism, its consequences and the enormity of the moral corruption it perpetrates, I shall refer you to Atlas Shrugged—or to any of today’s newspaper headlines
  • ethics of altruism has created the image of the brute, as its answer, in order to make men accept two inhuman tenets: (a) that any concern with one’s own interests is evil, regardless of what these interests might be, and (b) that the brute’s activities are in fact to one’s own interest (which altruism enjoins man to renounce for the sake of his neighbors)
  • altruism lumps together into one “package-deal”: (1) What are values? (2) Who should be the beneficiary of values? Altruism substitutes the second for the first; it evades the task of defining a code of moral values, thus leaving man, in fact, without moral guidance
  • Altruism declares that any action taken for the benefit of others is good, and any action taken for one’s own benefit is evil. Thus the beneficiary of an action is the only criterion of moral value—and so long as that beneficiary is anybody other than oneself, anything goes.
  • Hence the appalling immorality, the chronic injustice, the grotesque double standards, the insoluble conflicts and contradictions that have characterized human relationships and human societies throughout history, under all the variants of the altruist ethics.
  • The evil of a robber does not lie in the fact that he pursues his own interests, but in what he regards as to his own interest; not in the fact that he pursues his values, but in what he chose to value; not in the fact that he wants to live, but in the fact that he wants to live on a subhuman level. 
  •  “selfless” service to the whims of others (such as the ethics of Bentham, Mill, Comte and of all social hedonists, whether they allowed man to include his own whims among the millions of others or advised him to turn himself into a totally selfless “shmoo” that seeks to be eaten by others).
  •  if civilization is to survive, it is the altruist morality that men have to reject.
Rationality, the virtue of Rationality means
  • the recognition and acceptance of reason as one’s only source of knowledge, one’s only judge of values and one’s only guide to action. 
  • total commitment to a state of full, conscious awareness, to the maintenance of a full mental focus in all issues, in all choices, in all of one’s waking hours. 
  • commitment to the fullest perception of reality within one’s power and to the constant, active expansion of one’s perception, i.e., of one’s knowledge
  • commitment to the reality of one’s own existence, i.e., to the principle that all of one’s goals, values and actions take place in reality and, therefore, that one must never place any value or consideration whatsoever above one’s perception of reality
  • commitment to the principle that all of one’s convictions, values, goals, desires and actions must be based on, derived from, chosen and validated by a process of thought—as precise and scrupulous a process of thought, directed by as ruthlessly strict an application of logic, as one’s fullest capacity permits. 
  • acceptance of the responsibility of forming one’s own judgments and of living by the work of one’s own mind (which is the virtue of Independence)
  • never sacrifice one’s convictions to the opinions or wishes of others (which is the virtue of Integrity)
  • never attempt to fake reality in any manner (which is the virtue of Honesty)
  • never seek or grant the unearned and undeserved, neither in matter nor in spirit (which is the virtue of Justice)
  • never desire effects without causes, and that one must never enact a cause without assuming full responsibility for its effects
  • never act like a zombie, i.e., without knowing one’s own purposes and motives
  • never make any decisions, form any convictions or seek any values out of context, i.e., apart from or against the total, integrated sum of one’s knowledge
  • never seek to get away with contradictions
  • rejection of any form of mysticism, i.e., any claim to some nonsensory, nonrational, nondefinable, supernatural source of knowledge. 
  • commitment to reason, not in sporadic fits or on selected issues or in special emergencies, but as a permanent way of life
Productive work

  • the road of man’s unlimited achievement and calls upon the highest attributes of his character: his creative ability, his ambitiousness, his self-assertiveness, his refusal to bear uncontested disasters, his dedication to the goal of reshaping the earth in the image of his values
  • “Productive work” does not mean the unfocused performance of the motions of some job. It means the consciously chosen pursuit of a productive career, in any line of rational endeavor, great or modest, on any level of ability. It is not the degree of a man’s ability nor the scale of his work that is ethically relevant here, but the fullest and most purposeful use of his mind.
Pride

  • man is a being of self-made wealth, so he is a being of self-made soul.
  • never accepting any code of irrational virtues impossible to practice
  • never failing to practice the virtues one knows to be rational
  • never accepting an unearned guilt 
  • never resigning oneself passively to any flaws in one’s character
  • never placing any concern, wish, fear or mood of the moment above the reality of one’s own self-esteem
  • reject the role of a sacrificial animal
Trade, Justice
  • human good does not require human sacrifices and cannot be achieved by the sacrifice of anyone to anyone. It holds that the rational interests of men do not clash—that there is no conflict of interests among men who do not desire the unearned, who do not make sacrifices nor accept them, who deal with one another as traders, giving value for value
  • The principle of trade is the only rational ethical principle for all human relationships, personal and social, private and public, spiritual and material. It is the principle of justice.
  • A trader is a man who earns what he gets and does not give or take the undeserved. He does not treat men as masters or slaves, but as independent equals. He deals with men by means of a free, voluntary, unforced, uncoerced exchangean exchange which benefits both parties by their own independent judgment. A trader does not expect to be paid for his defaults, only for his achievements. He does not switch to others the burden of his failures, and he does not mortgage his life into bondage to the failures of others.
  • A trader is a man who does not seek to be loved for his weaknesses or flaws, only for his virtues, and who does not grant his love to the weaknesses or the flaws of others, only to their virtues
  • division of labor: it enables a man to devote his effort to a particular field of work and to trade with others who specialize in other fields. 
  • Parasites, moochers, looters, brutes and thugs can be of no value to a human being (the productive worker)—nor can productive worker gain any benefit from living in a society geared to parasites' needs, demands and protection (welfare society), a society that treats productive worker as a sacrificial animal and penalizes him for his virtues in order to reward parasites for their vices, which means: a society based on the ethics of altruism. No society can be of value to man’s life if the price is the surrender of his right to his life.
Government
  • The only proper, moral purpose of a government is to protect man’s rights, which means: to protect him from physical violence—to protect his right to his own life, to his own liberty, to his own property and to the pursuit of his own happiness. Without property rights, no other rights are possible.
Capitalism
  • a full, pure, uncontrolled, unregulated laissez-faire capitalism—with a separation of state and economics, in the same way and for the same reasons as the separation of state and church. A pure system of capitalism has never yet existed, not even in America; various degrees of government control had been undercutting and distorting it from the start. Capitalism is not the system of the past; it is the system of the future—if mankind is to have a future.