Thursday, August 15, 2019

new voluntarism

The combination of pluralism and individualism directly impacted the way that Baby Boomers would participate in faith institutions and develop their religious beliefs (Roof and McKinney, 1987).

Social scientists refer to this highly private and individualized approach to religious faith as the “new
voluntarism” (Roof and McKinney, 1987).

楊定一讀書會(五)體會「在」--「微不足道」的靜坐

The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Wuthnow

the declining significance of denominationalism


Monday, August 12, 2019

香港人致台灣人之公開信(全文)

親愛的台灣朋友:

台灣——又稱「寶島」或「福爾摩沙」——是一片物產豐隆,由台灣人當家作主,國民享有自由民主,名副其實的美麗之島。這個國度對華文文化的推廣及保育作出了莫大貢獻,對歷史文獻以及文化遺產的保存不遺餘力,亦曾以電子工業獨領全球,優勝之處不勝枚舉。這片土地擁有自由與民主,擁有屬於人民票選的總統和政府,擁有法律、軍事、金融體系主權,實在令同樣追求自由民主的我輩香港人嚮往不已。正因為這一切皆難能可貴,我們盼望台灣人民能夠堅定守護那寶貴的家園。

港共政權執意修訂《逃犯條例》,激起香港人的公憤,引發延續多月的抗爭運動。香港社會之動盪不安,乃源於港共以及其主子中國盡失信用。北京多次侵犯剝奪干預港人的安全與基本權利:基本法23條立法、國教、人大8.31決定、銅鑼灣書店事件、香港立法會參選確認書風波、香港立法會宣誓風波…等等損害港人的事情,未能盡錄。

香港人的憤怒和反抗,全拜中國長達22年的壓迫磨煉而成。中國及其傀儡政權聯手將香港人的利益一點一滴地慢慢吞佔,自己一手揭穿了「一國兩制」的謊言,並印證自身的邪惡嘴臉。試想想,倘若臺灣政府遭到中國代理人所把持,會淪至何等田地?香港面臨的險境正是前車可鑑的例子。

香港人所擁護的法治精神已被中國摧殘至崩潰邊緣。昔日用來保護市民和經商的法律已經淪為政府打壓異己、散播白色恐怖的工具。

香港人所賴以為生的各個經濟層面,已遭到中國嚴重侵蝕。海航及華爲兩大例子,證明了中國如何利用香港獨有的經濟地位,洗白資金來源,以及利用香港的名義,竊取其他國家的高科技產業技術。而港共政權所設立的「創新及科技局」,亦不過是方便利益輸送的橡皮圖章,毫無推動科技創新的意願。所謂「推動本土產業」,等同謊言!

而中國之能夠在香港長驅直入,除了有賴其港共代理人助紂為虐外,另一主因乃是港人缺乏自己的武裝力量,故不得不任由北方強權魚肉。台灣擁有自主的國防力量,而國軍多年來不斷精益求精,透過國外採購以及國造武器等積極措施,穩步邁向「防衛固守,重層嚇阻」之戰略目標。中國眼見台灣變得越來越難啃下,不像香港般能夠輕易到手,故避重就輕 ,轉而發動所謂「三戰」攻勢,企圖以法律戰、心理戰、輿論戰等「銳實力」手段,衝擊國軍在台灣民間的形象,以達不戰而屈人之效。明明是以最新指標研發的美購戰車與飛機,被刻意貶為「高價買來的二手貨」;國軍的一舉一動,被酸為「作秀」及「不切實際」;提倡軍事革新的先進,每每遭人抹黑。謾罵的聲浪背後,紅色的巨掌若隱若現。

中國政府對香港的滲透是從多方面進行,漸漸地從微小的地方開始,侵蝕本應屬於人民的權利與利益。當大家察覺的時候,中國已經肆無忌憚地享用本應屬於當地人的權利和利益,甚至反客為主,叫囂指責他人針對自己。這些手法都是在顛倒是非,令人不齒。

若果台灣政府由親中政黨主政,中國統戰計劃之「一國兩制」目標恐怕很快便會實現。服貿協議必定會死灰復燃。更多來自中國的惡行,會以種種不同形式侵佔台灣主權及利益。屆時,台灣社會雖然會以「太陽花學運」形式作出反抗,但是整個社會陷於對立不和並不是理想的境地。因此,我們希望台灣人民能以香港的現況為鑑。香港已經病入膏肓,香港人只能抱住一絲希望力挽狂瀾,尋求改變家園未來的可能性。

港台關係唇亡齒寒,若果香港能夠脫離港共政權統治,或走向成為獨立國家的一途,必定分擔台灣的國防外交壓力並且一同渡過難關。我輩務必守護碩果僅存的自由,奪回本應屬於我們的未來。

一群爭取公義之香港人 謹啟

二零一九年八月十一日

Tuesday, July 30, 2019

[楊定一答客問2019] 003 全部生命系列有參考經典的架構嗎?

stop beating Hong Kong people, Where Were Hong Kong’s Police?

https://www.nytimes.com/video/world/asia/100000006624535/hong-kong-protest-police-triad-investigation.html?smid=fb-nytimes&smtyp=cur&fbclid=IwAR2HoG4YZqRd1iqvHsJGX-Ma4dVJP57KPXbWLzZPm-9v2Wlqw1yecKnnDfs

Sunday, July 28, 2019

Thursday, July 25, 2019

Tuesday, July 23, 2019

行住坐臥, 隨時可以反轉, 《好睡》的運動練習.吳長泰示範.楊定一博士指導

Hering's law, 好轉反應

好轉反應的順序:

由內往外
從上到下
從現在到過去

鼻孔交替呼吸法,《好睡》清醒的呼吸+鼻孔交替呼吸法, 吳長泰示範.楊定一博士指導




鼻孔交替呼吸法
  1. 右手姆指, 按住右鼻孔。由左鼻孔吸氣, 默數至4
  2. 吸滿氣後, 以食指按住左鼻孔, 憋氣, 默數至16
  3. 覺得憋不住氣了, 放開拇指。由右鼻孔呼完氣, 默數至8
  4. 食指繼續捏住左鼻孔, 由右鼻孔吸氣, 默數至4
  5. 右手姆指, 按住右鼻孔 (捏住兩個鼻孔), 憋氣, 默數至16
  6. 放開左鼻孔, 呼氣, 默數至8
憋氣時間約為吸氣的4倍
吐氣時間約為吸氣的2倍

最後, 連吸氣, 憋氣, 吐氣的時間比例都可以放過
吸氣時, 吸飽即可
中間憋氣時間會隨著熟練度提高, 而自然越來越長
吐氣, 比吸氣時間更長一點
接下來, 身體自然會幫助你決定該吸氣多久, 該吐氣多久

鼻孔交替呼吸法


鼻孔交替呼吸法

  1. 右手姆指, 按住右鼻孔。由左鼻孔吸氣, 默數至4
  2. 吸滿氣後, 以食指按住左鼻孔, 憋氣, 默數至16
  3. 覺得憋不住氣了, 放開拇指。由右鼻孔呼完氣, 默數至8
  4. 食指繼續捏住左鼻孔, 由右鼻孔吸氣, 默數至4
  5. 右手姆指, 按住右鼻孔 (捏住兩個鼻孔), 憋氣, 默數至16
  6. 放開左鼻孔, 呼氣, 默數至8
憋氣時間約為吸氣的4倍
吐氣時間約為吸氣的2倍

最後, 連吸氣, 憋氣, 吐氣的時間比例都可以放過
吸氣時, 吸飽即可
中間憋氣時間會隨著熟練度提高, 而自然越來越長
吐氣, 比吸氣時間更長一點
接下來, 身體自然會幫助你決定該吸氣多久, 該吐氣多久

10690 170 改变你的认知

Monday, July 22, 2019

Mplus Workshop on Panel Data Modeling (Day 1/3, Session 1/2): Regression...

Mplus Workshop (Day 1/5, Session 1/4): Covariation and Regression

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Tom Beaudoin Virtual Faith - the irreverent spiritual quest of Generation X ---- https://archive.org/stream/virtualfaith00tomb#page/146/mode/2up
free book

Jones, L. Y. 1980. Great Expectations: America and the Baby Boom Generation. New York: Coward-McCann.

Roozen, D.A., Carroll, J.W., and Roof, W.C., (1995). Fifty Years of Religious Change in the United States, in The Post War Generation and Established Religion, W.C. Roof, J.W. Carroll, & D.A. Roozen (Eds.), San Francisco: Westview Press.

The Post-war Generation And Establishment Religion: Cross-cultural Perspectives 
by Wade Clark Roof,  Jackson W. Carroll 

Roof, W.C., (1993). A Generation of Seekers: The Spiritual Journeys of the Baby Boom Generation. San Francisco: Harper Collins.

Clark, W. R. (2001). Spiritual marketplace: Baby boomers and the remaking of American
religion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Hudnut-Beumler, J., (1994). Looking for God in the Suburbs: The Religion of the American Dream and its Critics, 1945–1

Hoge, D.R., Johnson, B., and Luidens, D., (1994). Vanishing Boundaries: The Religion of Mainline Protestant Baby Boomers. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press.

Jones, L. Y. 1980. Great Expectations: America and the Baby Boom Generation. New York: Coward-McCann.

Finding Faith: The Spiritual Quest of the Post-Boomer Generation, by Richard Flory and
Donald E. Miller. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2008

Tom Beaudoin, Virtual Faith - the irreverent spiritual quest of Generation X

Inglehart, R. (1997). Modernization and postmodernization: Cultural, economic, and political change in 43 societies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Hoge, D.R., Johnson, B., and Luidens, D., (1994). Vanishing Boundaries: The Religion of Mainline Protestant Baby Boomers. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press.

Hegy, P., (1995). Baby Boomers and the Transmission of Faith. America, 172, 5–8 & 27–28.

Religion for a Dislocated Generation: Where Will Those Who Grew Up in the Sixties Find Faith?
by Barbara Hargrove 

Boomer Spirituality: Seven Values for the Second Half of Life

The Baby Boomer Generation: A Lifetime of Memories

Bender, Courtney and Pamela Klassen 2010. After pluralism: Reimagining religious engagement. New York: Columbia University Press


Wuthnow, R. (1998) After Heaven: Spirituality in America since the 1950s. Berkeley:
University of California Press


Mitchell, S. (1998). American generations: Who they are. How they live. What they
think. Ithaca, NY: New Strategist.

Heelas, Paul, and Linda Woodhead. 2005. The Spiritual Revolution: Why Religion Is Giving Way to Spirituality. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Howe, Neil; Strauss, William (1991). Generations: The History of America’s Future, 1584 to 2069. New York: William Morrow & Company.

Twenge, J. M. (2014). Generation Me: Why Today’s Young Americans Are More Confident, Assertive, Entitled--and More Miserable Than Ever Before (2nd ed.). New York: Atria Books




Sunday, July 21, 2019


Wuthnow, R. (1988) The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith since
World War II. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Berger, P. (1967) The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion. New York: Anchor Books

Bellah, R. N., Madsen, R., Sullivan, W. M., Swidler, A. and Tipton, S. M. (1985)
Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. New York:
Harper and Row.

Wuthnow 1998. After heaven: Spirituality in America since the 1950s. Berkeley: University of Califomia Press

Acts of Compassion: Caring for Others and Helping Ourselves

Lancaster LC, Stillman D. When Generations Collide: Who They Are, Why They Clash, How to Solve the Generational Puzzle at Work. New York, NY: Harper Business 200

Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation, by Neil Howe and William Strauss

Twenge, J.M. (2007), Generation Me: Why Today’s Young Americans Are More Confident, Assertive, Entitled- and More Miserable than Ever Before, The Free Press, New York, NY.

Bellah, R. N. 1976. New religious consciousness and the crisis in modernity. In The new religious consciousness, edited by C. Y. Glock and R. N. Bellah, 333-352. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press

Roof, W. C. 1987. American Mainline Religion: Its Changing Shape and Future. New
Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press

Carrette, J., and R. King 2005. Selling Spirituality: The Silent Takeover of Religion. New York:Routledge 

Lyon, D. 2000. Jesus in Disneyland: Religion in Postmodern Times. Cambridge, UK: Polity

Heelas, P., L. Woodhead, B. Seel, B. Szerszyinski, and K. Tusting. 2005. The Spiritual
Revolution: Why Religion Is Giving Way to Spirituality. Oxford: Blackwell

Roof, 91 993b. A generation of seekers: The spiritual journeys of the baby boom generation. New York:HarperCoUins

Luckmann, T. 1967 The invisible religion: The problem of religion in modern society. New York: MacmiUan Publishing Co., Inc

Heelas, P. 1998. Religion, modernity and post modernity. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

McLellan, David. 1987. Marxism and religion. London: Macmillan

Smith, Christian. 1996. Disruptive religion: The force of faith in social movement activism. New York: Routledge

The Sixties Spiritual Awakening: American Religion Moves from Modern to Postmodern. by Robert S. Ellwood

Roof,Wade Clark. 1993. A generation of seekers: The spiritual journeys of the baby boom generation. NewYork: Harper San Francisco

Strauss, W., and N. Howe, 1991 Generations: The History of America’s Future, 1584–2069. New York: William, Morrow

Gentile, B., Campbell,W. K., & Twenge, J. M. (2013). Generational cultures. In A. B. Cohen (Ed.), Culture reexamined: Broadening our understanding of social and evolutionary influences (pp. 31–48).Washington, DC: American Psychological Association

Inglehart, R., &Welzel, C. (2005). Modernization, cultural change, and democracy: The human development sequence. Cambridge, United Kingdom:  Cambridge UniversityPress

Lancaster, L.C. and Stillman, D. (2002), When Generations Collide: Traditionalists, Baby Boomers, Generation Xers, Millennials: Who They Are, Why They Clash, How to Solve the Generational Puzzle at Work, HarperCollins, New York, NY.

Unretirement How Baby Boomers are Changing the Way We Think About Work, Community, and the Good Life

Not My Mother's Sister: Generational Conflict and Third-Wave Feminism

A Generation of Sociopaths: How the Baby Boomers Betrayed America

Zemke, R., Raines, C. and Filipczak, B. (2000), Generations at Work: Managing the Clash of Veterans, Boomers, Xers and Nexters in Your Workplace, 2nd ed., Amacom, New York, NY.

Bengston, Vern. I. and W. Angston Achenbaum (eds.). 1993. The Changing Contract
Across Generations. New York: Aldine de Gruyter

Bluestone, Barry and Bennet Harrison. 1982. The Deindustrialization of America.

Greeley, A. M. ( 1989). Religious change in America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Davis, James A. “Patterns of attitude change in the USA: 1972-1994.” In Understanding Change in Social Attitudes, edited by B. Taylor and K. Thomson. Brookfield, VT: Dartmouth, 1996. The most exhaustive empirical examination of cohort effects and intra-cohort change on social attitudes and beliefs.

Brown, M.F. (1997), The Channelling Zone: American Spirituality in an Anxious Age,
Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Carrette, J. and R. King (2005), Selling Spirituality: The Silent Takeover of Religion, London: Routledge.

Oppenheimer, M. (2003), Knocking on Heaven’s Door: American Religion in the Age of the Counterculture, New Haven: Yale University Press

Baue, F.W. (2002), The Spiritual Society: What Lurks Beyond Postmodernism, Wheaton IL: Crossways.

Beaudoin, T. (1998), Virtual Faith: The Irreverent Spiritual Quest of Generation X, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Callen, B.L. (2001), Authentic Spirituality: Moving Beyond Mere Religion, Carlisle: Baker Academic.

Fox, M. (1981), Western Spirituality: Historical Roots, Ecumenical Routes, Santa Fe: Bear and Co.

Hanegraaff, W.J. (1998), New Age Religion and Western Culture: Esotericism in the Mirror of Secular Thought, New York: State University of New York Press 

Heelas, P. (1996), The New Age Movement: The Celebration of the Self and the Sacralisation of Modernity, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing

Heelas, P. (2004), The Spiritual Revolution: Why Religion Is Giving Way to Spirituality, Oxford: Blackwell.

Heelas, P. (2002), ‘The Spiritual Revolution: From Religion to Spirituality’, in L. Woodhead (ed.), Religions in the Modern World: Traditions and Transformations, London: Routledge, pp. 357–75.

S. Sutcliffe and M. Bowman (eds), Beyond New Age: Exploring Alternative Spirituality, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press

McCarthy, M. (2000), ‘Spirituality in a Postmodern Era’, in S. Pattison and J. Woodward (eds), The Blackwell Reader in Pastoral and Practical Theology, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, pp. 192–206

Tacey, The Spirituality Revolution: The Emergence of Contemporary Spirituality

G. Davie, P. Heelas and L. Woodhead (eds), Predicting Religion: Christian, Secular and Alternative Futures

Heelas, P. and B. Seel (2003), ‘An Ageing New Age?’, in G. Davie, P. Heelas and L. Woodhead (eds), Predicting Religion: Christian, Secular and Alternative Futures, Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 229–47

Taylor, C. (1989), Sources of the Self: The Making of Modern Identity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Smith, C. (2005), Soul Searching. The Religious and Spiritual Lives of American Teenagers, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Religion in Chinese Society: A Study of Contemporary Social Functions of Religion and Some of Their Historical Factors
C. K. Yang

D.M. Jerolimov, S. Zrinscak and I. Borowik (eds), Religion and Patterns of Social Transformation, Zagreb: Institute for Social Research,

十大網路書店網站 Top 10

http://www.muni-buddha.com.tw/sutra-buddhism-zen-buddhist-mercy/15.htm

Ed Sheeran - Photograph (Official Music Video)

Rihanna - Umbrella (Orange Version) ft. JAY-Z

Rihanna - Umbrella (Orange Version) ft. JAY-Z

A course in Miracles

https://acim.org/

A course in Miracles : Combined Volume
https://www.amazon.com/course-Miracles-Foundation-Inner-Peace/dp/1883360269


  1. Nothing I See Means Anything



Friday, July 19, 2019

IPUMS (Integrated Public Use Microdata Series)

https://srdatw.blogspot.com/2019/06/ipums-international.html

https://ipums.org/

Thursday, July 18, 2019


Heelas, P. (1996), The New Age Movement: The Celebration of the Self and the Sacralisation of Modernity, Oxford: Blackwell.

Heelas, P. and L. Woodhead (2005), The Spiritual Revolution: Why Religion is Giving Way to
Spirituality, Oxford: Blackwell.

Corrywright, D. (2003), Theoretical and Empirical Investigations into New Age Spiritualities, Oxford: Peter Lang

Davie, G., P. Heelas and L. Woodhead (eds) (2003), Predicting Religion: Christian, Secular and Alternative Futures, Aldershot: Ashgate

Fuller, R. (2001), Spiritual but not Religious: Understanding Unchurched America, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Forman, R.K.C. (2004), Grassroots Spirituality: What Is It, Why It Is Here, Where It Is Going, Exeter: Imprint Academic.

Lyon, D. (2000), Jesus in Disneyland: Religion in Postmodern Times, Cambridge: Polity

Partridge, C. (2005), The Re-Enchantment of the West: Alternative Spiritualities, Sacralisation, Popular Culture and Occulture, London and New York: T. and T. Clark

Sutcliffe, S. (2003), Children of New Age: A History of Spiritual Practices, London:
Routledge.

Tracy, D. (2004), The Spirituality Revolution: The Emergence of Contemporary Spirituality, New York: Brunner Routledge.

Martin, D.A. (1978), A General Theory of Secularsation, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Berger, P.L. (1969), A Rumour of Angels: Modern Society and the Rediscovery of the
Supernatural, Garden City, NY: Doubleday Anchor

Roof, W.C. (2003), ‘Religion and Spirituality: Toward an Integrated Analysis’, in M. Dillon (ed.), Handbook of the Sociology of Religion, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 137–48.

Max Weber, Rationality and Modernity

Giddens, A. (1991), Modernity and Self Identity. Self and Society in the Late Modern Age, Cambridge: Polity Press.

Tipton, S.M. (1982), Getting Saved from the Sixties: Moral Meaning in Conversion and Cultural Change, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Bellah, R.N., R. Madsen, W.M. Sullivan, A. Swidler and S.M. Tipton (1991), The Good Society, New York: Knopf

Bellah, R.N., R. Madsen, W.M. Sullivan, A. Swidler and S.M. Tipton (1985), Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Cimino, R. and D. Lattin (1998), Shopping for Faith: American Religion in the New Millennium, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Fuller, R.C. (2001), Spiritual But Not Religious: Understanding Unchurched America, New York: Oxford University Press

Flory, R.W. and D.E. Miller (eds) (2000), GenX Religion, New York: Routledge.

Roof, W.C. (1993), A Generation of Seekers: The Spiritual Journeys of the Baby Boom Generations, New York: HarperCollins.

Porterfield, A. (2001), The Transformation of American Religion: The Story of a Late Twentieth- Century Awakening, New York: Oxford University Press.

Schmidt, L. (2005), Restless Souls: The Making of American Spirituality, San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco

Stanczak, G. and D.E. Miller (2002), Engaged Spirituality: Spirituality and Social
Transformation in Mainstream American Religious Traditions, Los Angeles: Center for Religion and Civic Culture, University of Southern California

Weber, M. (1993), The Sociology of Religion, Boston: Beacon Press.

Carrette J. and R. King (2005), Selling Spirituality: The Silent Takeover of Religion, London: Routledge.

Berger, P. L. and T. Luckmann. 1995. Modernity, Pluralism and the Crisis of Meaning

Wuthnow, R. (2001),’Spirituality and Spiritual Practice’, in Richard K. Fenn (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Sociology of Religion, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 306–20.


Bellah, R. N. 1970. Beyond Belief: Essays on Religion in a Post-Traditional World. New York: Harper & Row.

Luckmann, Thomas. The Invisible Religion: The Problem of Religion in Modern Society. New York: MacMillan, 1967.

Heelas, Paul. The New Age Movement: The Celebration of the Self and the Sacralisation of Modernity. Oxford: Blackwell, 1996.

Bruce, Steve. God is Dead: Secularisation in the West. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.


Weber, M. (1930), The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (trans. T. Parsons), London: Unwin.







Wednesday, July 17, 2019

convert mobi file to pdf

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Twenge, J. M. (2006). Generation me: Why today’s young Americans are more confident, assertive, entitled-and more miserable than ever before. New York: Free Press

Twenge, J. M. (2014). Generation Me: Why today’s young Americans are more confident, assertive, entitled—and more miserable than ever before (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Atria Books

Inglehart, R.
1997 Modernization and Postmodernization: Cultural, Economic, and Political Change in 43 Societies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press

Berger, 1969. A Rumour of Angels: Modern Society and the Rediscovery of the Supernatural. New York: Doubleday.

Bruce, S. 1990. A House Divided: Protestantism, Schism, and Secularization. New York: Routledge.

Religion and Modernization: Sociologist and Historians Debate the Secularization Thesis, edited by S. Bruce.

Casanova, J. 1994. Public Religions in the Modern World. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Greeley, A. M. 1972a. The Denominational Society: A Sociological Approach to Religion in America. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman.

Greeley, A. M.1989. Religious Change in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Tamney, J. B. 1992. The Resilience of Christianity in the Modern World. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press

Heelas, Paul. 1996. The new age movement: The celebration of the self and sacralization of modernity. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers

Wilson, B. 1985. ‘‘Secularization: The Inherited Model.’’ Pp. 9–20 in The Sacred in a Secular Age: Toward Revision in the Scientific Study of Religion, edited by P. E. Hammond. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press

The Conflict of Generations: The Character and Significance of Student
Movements. By LEWIS S. FEUER

Greeley, Andrew M. 1989 Religious change in America. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press

Fuller, Robert C. 2001. Spiritual, but not religious: Understanding unchurched America. New York: Oxford University Press

Bruce, Steve. 2002. God is dead: Secularization in the West. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing

Flory, R.W. and D.E. Miller (eds) (2000), GenX Religion, New York: Routledge

Thau, R. D., J. S. Heflin, eds. 1997. Generations Apart: Xers vs. Boomers vs. the Elderly. Prometheus Books, Amherst, NY.

Schmidt, Leigh Eric. 2005. Restless Souls: The Making of American Spirituality. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.


Bender, Courtney. 2010. The New Metaphysicals: Spirituality and the American Religious Imagination. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Strauss, W., & Howe, N. (1991). Generations: The history of America’s future, 1584 to 2069. New York, Quill William Morrow Cop.

Lancaster, L., & Stillman, D. (2002). When Generations Collide: Who They Are. Why They Clash. How to Solve the Generational Puzzle at Work

Wuthnow, R. 1998. After heaven: Spirituality in America since the 1950s. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Roof,W. C. 1999. Spiritual marketplace: Baby boomers and the remaking of American religion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press

Roof, Wade Clark, and William McKinney. 1987. American Mainline Religion: Its Changing Shape and Future. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Deal, J. J. (2007). Retiring the generation gap: How employees young and old can find common ground. San Francisco, CA: Josey-Bass

Alsop, R. (2008). The trophy kids grow up: How the Millennial generation is shaking up the workplace. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass

13th Gen: Abort, Retry, Ignore, Fail? (Howe and Strauss, 1993);\

The Fourth Turning: An American Prophecy (Strauss and Howe, 1997)

Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation (Howe and Strauss, 2000),


Wuthnow, Robert (2005) America and the Challenges of Religious Diversity. Princeton: Princeton University Press.


Seligman, Adam. 2000. Modernity’s wager: Authority, the self, and transcendence. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Press.

TAYLOR, CHARLES (2007). A Secular Age. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

HEELAS, PAUL, and Woodhead, LINDA (2005). The Spiritual Revolution: Why Religion is Giving Way to Spirituality. Oxford: Blackwell

The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics

SILK, M. (1998). Something new, something old: Changes and continuities in American religious history. Cambridge, MA: The President and Fellows of Harvard College.

Inglehart, R. (1997), Modernization and Postmodernization: Cultural, Economic, and Political Change in 43 Societies, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

The Challenge of Pluralism 
by J. Christopher Soper,  Kevin R. den Dulk, Stephen V. Monsma 

 Monsma, S.V. and C.J. Soper: 1997, The Challenge of Pluralism (Rowman &
Littlefield, Lanham, MD).


Beaudoin, T.: 1998, Virtual Faith: The Irreverent Spiritual Quest of Generation X

Twenge, J.M. (2006), Generation Me: Why Today’s Young Americans Are More Confident, Assertive, Entitled – and More Miserable than Ever Before, Free Press, New York, NY.

Lancaster, L. and Stillman, D. (2002), When Generations Collide: Who They Are. Why They Clash. How to Solve the Generational Puzzle at Work, Harper Collins, New York, NY.

Martin, David. 1978. A General Theory of Secularization. Harper & Row.

Butler, Jon. 1990. Awash in a Sea of Faith: The Christianization of the American People, 1550-1865

Luckmann, Thomas 1967 The Invisible Religion. New York: MacMillan

Greeley, Andrew M. 1989 Religious Change in America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Carroll, Jackson W., Douglas W. Johnson, and Martin E. Marty 1979 Religion in America. 1950 to the Present.

Wuthnow, R. 1992. Rediscovering the Sacred: Perspectives on Religion in Contemporary Society. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.
















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Tuesday, July 16, 2019


Stark, Rodney, and Roger Finke. 2000. Acts of Faith: Explaining the Human Side of Religion. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press


Stark, Rodney, and William Sims Bainbridge. 1985. The Future of Religion: Secularization, Revival, and Cult Formation. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.


Heiler, Friedrich. 1932. Prayer: A Study in the History and Psychology of Religion. London: Oxford University Press


 Gallup, G., Jr., & Lindsay, D. M. (1999). Surveying the religious landscape: Trends in U.S. beliefs. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse.

Gallup, G., Jr.,&Castelli, J. (1989). The people’s religion: American faith in the ’90s.NewYork: Macmillan.


 Beaudoin, T. M. (1998). Virtual faith: The irreverent spiritual quest of Generation X. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass

W.H. Swatos (Ed.), A future for religion? New paradigms for social analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


The Dialectics of the Religious and the Secular: Studies on the Future of Religion

Generation X: tales for an accelerated culture by Coupland Douglas (fiction)

Cote, J. E., & Allahar,A. L. (1994). Generation on hold: Coming of age in the late twentieth century. New York: New York University Press.


Thau, Richard and Jay Heflin
1997 Generations Apart: Xers vs. Boomers vs. the Elderly

Salisbury, W. Seward
1964 Religion in American Culture: A Sociological Interpretation. Homewood: Dorsey.

Newport, Frank
2012 God is Alive and Well: The Future of Religion in America. New York: Gallup Press

Mitchell, Susan
1995 The Official Guide to the Generations. Ithaca: New Strategist.


Howe, Neil, and William Strauss
2000 Millennials Rising: The Next Generation. New York: Knopf Doubleday


Craig, Stephen, and Stephen Bennett
1997 After the Boom: The Politics of Generation X. Lanham: Rowan and Littlefield.

Roof, Wade Clark, Jackson W. Carroll & David A. Roozen, 1995, The Post-War

Generation and Establishment Religion: Cross-Cultural Perspectives. Boulder, San
Francisco, Oxford: Westview Press

Jones, L. Y. 1980. Great Expectations: America and the Baby Boom Generation. New York: Coward-McCann

Hughes, M. E., and O’Rand, A. M. 2004. The Lives and Times of the
Baby Boomers. Washington, D.C.: Population Reference Bureau.





Peter Berger, A Rumor of Angels (1969), The Heretical Imperative (1979)

Peter Berger’s A Rumor of Angels (1969) and The Heretical Imperative (1979)
Both books deal with the difficulties that religious bodies face in the modern world, with its  characteristics of skepticism and relativism.

A Rumor of Angels (1969)
A Rumor of Angels: Modern Society and the Rediscovery of the Supernatural
written in response to the theological “death of God” affair that made headlines in the 1960s, shows how difficult it had become by the mid-twentieth century to enjoy religious certainty. Anyone who thought about or studied his or her religion at once became aware that its truths were not the truths of the religions surrounding it. Berger’s insight was that the academic posture of relativism with which one studied these competing truth claims did not necessarily annihilate the possibility of religious truth; in the book’s catchphrase he “relativized the relativizers.” He then sought out auguries of transcendence in the midst of America’s modern rational society

The Heretical Imperative: Contemporary Possibilities of Religious Affirmation
The Heretical Imperative, written ten years later,
noted that the word “heresy” originally meant “choice.” American religious people were, in effect, forced to be “heretics,” he said, because they had to choose their own religious way of life. There was no national religious orthodoxy against which deviations could be measured. Even those who chose something they thought of as rigorously orthodox could not fail to be aware that they were making the choice in a world full of people who had not made that choice.

Berger’s idea that the American situation of religious choice makes everyone a heretic meshes with R. Laurence Moore’s idea, in Selling God (1994), of America as a religious marketplace. Strict separation of church and state, said Moore, meant that throughout most of American history no one got social or political advantages from being religious. Ministers, priests, and rabbis depended on having an audience (one satisfied enough to give money) if they wanted a livelihood. Therefore they had to give the public what it wanted. Comparing religious life to consumer life (without ever being dismissive about it), Moore showed that numerous episodes throughout American history could be understood as efforts to manipulate the religious “market” in pursuit of the maximum number of “customers.” This insight, which many other writers on American religious history have shared to some degree, helps explain, for example, the growth of “megachurches” in the 1980s and 1990s, which modeled themselves on commercial malls, concentrating worship, education, entertainment,
retail, and amenities all in the same massive structures.

Wuthnow, The Restructuring of American Religion

Wuthnow’s The Restructuring of American Religion (1988)

American religion, having been divided along denominational lines in the early postwar period, had come by the 1980s to be divided along political lines instead.
Protestants’ sharp antagonism toward Catholics in the 1950s was a distant memory by the 1980s. By then an alliance of conservative Protestants and conservative Catholics was working together on “family,” educational, and foreign policy issues against a coalition of liberal Protestants and liberal Catholics, with each faction enjoying support from a sharply divided Jewish community.
The shift that Wuthnow describes, from denominational division to political division

Monday, July 15, 2019


Bailey, E. 1998. Implicit religion: An introduction. London: Middlesex University Press.

Steven M. Tipton, Getting Saved from the Sixties (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982).

 Dean R. Hoge, Benton Johnson, and Donald A. Luidens, Vanishing Boundaries: The

Religion of Mainline Protestant Baby Boomers (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox, 1994).

Lived Religion in America. ed. David D. Hall. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997,

Stark, Rodney, and William Sims Bainbridge (1985) The Future of Religion: Secularizaion, Revival, and Cult Formation. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Chalfant, H. Paul, Robert E. Beckley, and C. Eddie Palmer (1981) Religion in Contemporary Society. Sherman Oaks, CA: Alfred

Woodhead, L. and Heelas, P. 2000 Religion in Modern Times: An Interpretive Anthology, Oxford: Blackwell.

Bruce, S. 2002 God is Dead: Secularization in the West, Oxford: Blackwell.

The Spiritual Revolution Why Religion Is Giving Way to Spirituality

Jacob Needleman, The New Religions

The Restructuring of American Religion (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988)
Wuthnow

The Struggle for America's Soul (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1989) Wuthnow

Religion in the Secular City: Toward a Postmodern Theology  by Harvey Cox  

The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics by Peter Berger

Owram, D. 1996. Born at the Right Time: A History of the Baby Boom Generation. University of Toronto Press, Toronto

The Sixties: Cultural Revolution in Britain, France, Italy, and the United States, c.1958—c.1974
Arthur Marwick, 1998
 
Strauss, W. and Howe, N. (1997). The Fourth Turning: What the Cycles of History Tell Us Abut America’s Next Rendezvous with Destiny. New York: Broadway Books

Twenge, J. M. (2006). Generation me: Why today’s young Americans are more confident, assertive, entitled–and more miserable than ever before. New York: Free Press.

Roof, Wade Clark and William McKinney, 1987 American Mainline Religion: It’s Changing Shape and Future. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press

Hoge, Dean, Benton Johnson, and Donald Luidens
1994 Vanishing Boundaries: The Religion of the Mainline Protestant Baby Boomers.
Louisville: Westminister/John Knox.